Variations within a subtype : Developmental surface dyslexias in English

Journal article


Kohnen, Saskia, Nickels, Lyndsey, Geigis, Leonie, Coltheart, Max, McArthur, Genevieve and Castles, Anne. (2018). Variations within a subtype : Developmental surface dyslexias in English. Cortex. 106, pp. 151-163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2018.04.008
AuthorsKohnen, Saskia, Nickels, Lyndsey, Geigis, Leonie, Coltheart, Max, McArthur, Genevieve and Castles, Anne
Abstract

Surface dyslexia is characterised by poor reading of irregular words while nonword reading can be completely normal. Previous work has identified several theoretical possibilities for the underlying locus of impairment in surface dyslexia. In this study, we systematically investigated whether children with surface dyslexia showed different patterns of reading performance that could be traced back to different underlying levels of impairment. To do this, we tested 12 English readers, replicating previous work in Hebrew (Gvion & Friedmann, 2013; 2016; Friedmann & Lukov, 2008; Friedmann & Gvion, 2016). In our sample, we found that poor irregular word reading was associated with deficits at the level of the orthographic input lexicon and with impaired access to meaning and spoken word forms after processing written words in the orthographic input lexicon. There were also children whose surface dyslexia seemed to be caused by impairments of the phonological output lexicon. We suggest that further evidence is required to unequivocally support a fourth pattern where the link between orthography and meaning is intact while the link between orthography and spoken word forms is not functioning. All patterns found were consistent with dual route theory while possible patterns of results, which would be inconsistent with dual route theory, were not detected.

Keywordsreading difficulties; proximal causes; dissociations; development
Year2018
JournalCortex
Journal citation106, pp. 151-163
PublisherElsevier Ltd
ISSN0010-9452
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2018.04.008
PubMed ID10.1016/j.cortex.2018.04.008
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85048789179
Page range151-163
FunderNational Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)
Macquarie University
Australian Research Council (ARC)
Studienstiftung des deutschen Volkes
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online10 May 2018
Publication process dates
Accepted26 Apr 2018
Deposited06 Jul 2023
ARC Funded ResearchThis output has been funded, wholly or partially, under the Australian Research Council Act 2001
Grant ID488518
DP110103822
FT120100102
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