Teacher education for global citizenship : What can an international practicum offer?

Book chapter


Jones, Mellita, Cinelli, Renata and Gallagher, Mary. (2022). Teacher education for global citizenship : What can an international practicum offer? In In Zajda, Joseph and Majhanovich, Suzanne (Ed.). Discourses of globalisation, ideology, education and policy reforms pp. 139-158 Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-71583-0_9
AuthorsJones, Mellita, Cinelli, Renata and Gallagher, Mary
EditorsZajda, Joseph and Majhanovich, Suzanne
Abstract

This chapter examines the influence of an international immersion program in Solomon Islands on Australian pre-service teachers’ (PSTs) notions of global equity and justice. Mezirow’s (Transformative dimensions of adult learning. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, 1991) Transformative Learning Theory was utilised to investigate changes in PSTs’ sense of equity and justice through reflections written immediately post-experience and a focus-group interview 12-months later. Thematic analysis enabling comparison between data sets indicated the program’s transformative and lasting program influences on PSTs’ social justice understandings, actions and intentions. Findings highlight the potential of such programs to develop attitudes, intentions and capabilities for a socially just form of global citizenship amongst PSTs.

Keywordstransformative learning; international immersion; global citizenship; global citizenship education; teacher education; pre-service teacher education; social justice
Page range139-158
Year2022
Book titleDiscourses of globalisation, ideology, education and policy reforms
PublisherSpringer
Place of publicationCham, Switzerland
SeriesGlobalisation, comparative education and policy research ; volume 26
ISBN9783030715823
9783030715854
9783030715830
ISSN2543-0564
2543-0572
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-71583-0_9
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Print29 Mar 2022
Online28 Mar 2022
Publication process dates
Deposited17 Jul 2023
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/8z4w8/teacher-education-for-global-citizenship-what-can-an-international-practicum-offer

Restricted files

Publisher's version

  • 34
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 3
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

Assessing the development of global competence in teacher education programmes : Internal consistency and reliability of a set of rubrics
Parmigiani, Davide, Bar Nir, Aviva, Ferguson-Patrick, Kate, Forkosh Baruch, Alona, Heddy, Eileen, Impedovo, Maria Antonietta, Ingersoll, Marcea, Jones, Mellita, Kimhi, Yael, Lourenço, Mόnica, Macqueen, Suzanne, Pennazio, Valentina, Sokal, Laura, Timkova, Renata, Westa, Sina and Wikan, Gerd. (2023). Assessing the development of global competence in teacher education programmes : Internal consistency and reliability of a set of rubrics. Higher Education Pedagogies. 8(1), p. Article 2216190. https://doi.org/10.1080/23752696.2023.2216190
The barriers to and facilitators of physical activity and sport for Oceania with Non-European, Non-Asian (ONENA) ancestry children and adolescents : A mixed studies systematic review
Peralta, Louisa R., Cinelli, Renata L., Cotton, Wayne, Morris, Sarah, Galy, Olivier and Caillaud, Corinne. (2022). The barriers to and facilitators of physical activity and sport for Oceania with Non-European, Non-Asian (ONENA) ancestry children and adolescents : A mixed studies systematic review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 19(18), p. Article 11554. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191811554
Building collaborative competencies through play with outdoor loose parts materials in primary school
Mackley, Honor, Edwards, Susan, McLean, Karen and Cinelli, Renata. (2022). Building collaborative competencies through play with outdoor loose parts materials in primary school. Cambridge Journal of Education. 52(4), pp. 431-451. https://doi.org/10.1080/0305764X.2022.2030300
Scale-up of the Internet-based Professional Learning to help teachers promote Activity in Youth (iPLAY) intervention : A hybrid type 3 implementation-effectiveness trial
Lubans, D. R., Sanders, T., Noetel, M., Parker, P., McKay, H., Morgan, P. J., Salmon, J., Kirwan, M., Bennie, A., Peralta, L., Cinelli, R., Moodie, M., Hartwig, T., Boyer, J., Kennedy, S. G., Plotnikoff, R. C., Hansen, V., Vasconcellos, D., Lee, J., ... Lonsdale, C.. (2022). Scale-up of the Internet-based Professional Learning to help teachers promote Activity in Youth (iPLAY) intervention : A hybrid type 3 implementation-effectiveness trial. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 19(1), p. Article 141. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-022-01371-4
A teacher professional development programme to enhance students' critical health literacy through school-based health and physical education programmes
Peralta, Louisa R., Cinelli, Renata L., Marvell, Claire L. and Nash, Rosie. (2022). A teacher professional development programme to enhance students' critical health literacy through school-based health and physical education programmes. Health Promotion International. 37(6), pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/daac168
Health literacy in school-based health programmes : A case study in one Australian school
Peralta, Louisa R., Cinelli, Renata L. and Marvell, Claire L.. (2021). Health literacy in school-based health programmes : A case study in one Australian school. Health Education Journal. 80(6), pp. 648-659. https://doi.org/10.1177/00178969211003600
Self-determination theory in physical education : A systematic review of qualitative studies
White, Rhiannon Lee, Bennie, Andrew, Vasconcellos, Diego, Cinelli, Renata, Hilland, Toni, Owen, Katherine B. and Lonsdale, Chris. (2021). Self-determination theory in physical education : A systematic review of qualitative studies. Teaching and Teacher Education. 99, p. 103247. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2020.103247
Effect of a scalable school-based intervention on cardiorespiratory fitness in children : A cluster randomized clinical trial
Lonsdale, Chris, Sanders, Taren, Parker, Philip, Noetel, Michael, Hartwig, Timothy, Vasconcellos, Diego, Lee, Jane, Antczak, Devan, Kirwan, Morwenna, Morgan, Philip, Salmon, Jo, Moodie, Marj, McKay, Heather, Bennie, Andrew, Plotnikoff, Ronald C., Cinelli, Renata, Greene, David, Peralta, Louisa, Cliff, Dylan, ... Lubans, David R.. (2021). Effect of a scalable school-based intervention on cardiorespiratory fitness in children : A cluster randomized clinical trial. JAMA Pediatrics. 175(7), pp. 680-688. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0417
The path to eldership : Results from a contemporary Indigenous Australian community
Eades, Owen, Toombs, Maree R., Cinelli, Renata, Easton, Caitlin, Hampton, Ron, Nicholson, Geoffrey C., McCabe, Marita P. and Busija, Lucy. (2021). The path to eldership : Results from a contemporary Indigenous Australian community. Gerontologist. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnab062
‘‘I realized that science isn’t scary’’ : In-service teacher insights regarding science focused partnerships
Gilbert, Andrew, Hobbs, Linda, Kenny, John, Jones, Mellita, Campbell, Coral, Chittleborough, Gail, Herbert, Sandra and Redman, Christine. (2020). ‘‘I realized that science isn’t scary’’ : In-service teacher insights regarding science focused partnerships. School-University Partnerships. 13(1), pp. 22-31.
Self-determination theory applied to physical education : A systematic review and meta-analysis
Cunha Vasconcellos, Diego, Parker, Philip D., Hilland, Toni, Cinelli, Renata, Owen, Katherine, Kapsal, Nathanial, Lee, Jane, Antczak, Devan, Ntoumanis, Nikolaos, Ryan, Richard M. and Lonsdale, Christophe. (2020). Self-determination theory applied to physical education : A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Educational Psychology. 112(7), pp. 1444-1469. https://doi.org/10.1037/edu0000420
The role of elders in the wellbeing of a contemporary Australian Indigenous community
Busija, Lucy, Cinelli, Renata, Toombs, Maree R., Easton, Caitlin, Hampton, Ron, Holdsworth, Kristen, Macleod, Ashley, Nicholson, Geoffrey C., Nasir, Bushra F., Sanders, Kerrie M. and McCabe, Marita P.. (2020). The role of elders in the wellbeing of a contemporary Australian Indigenous community. Gerontologist. 60(3), pp. 513-524. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gny140
Teacher education in Solomon Islands
Jones, Mellita and Cinelli, Renata. (2019). Teacher education in Solomon Islands. In In Karras, K. G. and Wolhuter, C. C. (Ed.). International handbook of teacher education ; volume 3 pp. 273-294 HM Studies and Publishing.
Teacher education in the Solomon Islands
Jones, Mellita and Cinelli, Renata. (2019). Teacher education in the Solomon Islands. In In Karras, K. G. and Wolhuter, C. C. (Ed.). International handbook of teacher education ; volume 3 pp. 273-293 HM Studies and Publishing.
Principal perceptions regarding the impact of school-university partnerships in primary science contexts
Gilbert, Andrew, Hobbs, Linda, Kenny, John, Jones, Mellita, Campbell, Coral, Chittleborough, Gail, Herbert, Sandra and Redman, Christine. (2018). Principal perceptions regarding the impact of school-university partnerships in primary science contexts. School-Universities Partnerships. 11(2), pp. 73-83.
Personalising learning in teacher education
Jones, Mellita and McLean, Karen. (2018). Personalising learning in teacher education https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-7930-6
Linking theory and practice through partnerships
Chittleborough, Gail and Jones, Mellita. (2018). Linking theory and practice through partnerships. In In L. Hobbs, C. Campbell and M. Jones (Ed.). School-based partnerships in teacher education: A Research informed model for universities, schools and beyond pp. 61 - 82 Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-1795-8_4
Theory and practice: The context of partnerships in teacher education
Kenny, John, Jones, Mellita and Speldewinde, Christopher. (2018). Theory and practice: The context of partnerships in teacher education. In In L. Hobbs, C. Campbell and M. Jones (Ed.). School-based partnerships in teacher education: A Research informed model for universities, schools and beyond pp. 3 - 19 Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-1795-8_1
Models of school-based practice: Partnerships in practice
Campbell, Coral, Chittleborough, Gail, Gilbert, Andrew, Hobbs, Linda, Jones, Mellita, Kenny, John and Redman, Christine. (2018). Models of school-based practice: Partnerships in practice. In In L. Hobbs, C. Campbell and M. Jones (Ed.). School-based partnerships in teacher education: A Research informed model for universities, schools and beyond pp. 39 - 57 Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-1795-8_3
Growing university–school partnerships
Jones, Mellita and Chittleborough, Gail. (2018). Growing university–school partnerships. In In L. Hobbs, C. Campbell and M. Jones (Ed.). School-based partnerships in teacher education: A Research informed model for universities, schools and beyond pp. 99 - 122 Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-1795-8_6
A partnership journey narrative: The case of Damtru, science teacher educator
Jones, Mellita. (2018). A partnership journey narrative: The case of Damtru, science teacher educator. In In L. Hobbs, C. Campbell and M. Jones (Ed.). School-based partnerships in teacher education: A Research informed model for universities, schools and beyond pp. 123 - 137 Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-1795-8_7
Mentoring as a tool to engage aboriginal youth in remote Australian communities: a qualitative investigation of community members, mentees, teachers, and mentors’ perspectives
Peralta, Louisa R., Cinelli, Renata and Bennie, Andrew. (2018). Mentoring as a tool to engage aboriginal youth in remote Australian communities: a qualitative investigation of community members, mentees, teachers, and mentors’ perspectives. Mentoring and Tutoring: Partnership in Learning. 26(1), pp. 30 - 49. https://doi.org/10.1080/13611267.2018.1445436
Introduction
Nuttall, Joce, Kostogriz, Alex, Jones, Mellita and Martin, Jenny. (2017). Introduction. In In Nuttall, Joce, Kostogriz, Alex, Jones, Mellita and Martin, Jenny (Ed.). Teacher education policy and practice : Evidence of impact, impact of evidence pp. vii-xii Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-4133-4
We were the real teacher': outcomes of an international practicum in the Solomon Islands for Australian preservice teachers
Cinelli, Renata and Jones, Mellita. (2017). We were the real teacher': outcomes of an international practicum in the Solomon Islands for Australian preservice teachers. International Education Journal: Comparative Perspectives. 16(1), pp. 64 - 77.
"preach or teach?" an ongoing journey to becoming STEPWISE
Jones, Mellita. (2017). "preach or teach?" an ongoing journey to becoming STEPWISE. In In J. L. Bencze (Ed.). Science and Technology Education Promoting Wellbeing for Individuals, Societies and Environments: STEPWISE pp. 503 - 522 Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-55505-8
Toward transformative reflective practice in teacher education
Brandenburg, Robyn and Jones, Mellita. (2017). Toward transformative reflective practice in teacher education. In In R. Brandenburg, K. Glasswell and M. Jones and J. Ryan (Ed.). Reflective theory and practice in teacher education pp. 259 - 274 Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-3431-2
The online space: developing strong pedagogy for online reflective practice
Jones, Mellita and Ryan, Josephine. (2017). The online space: developing strong pedagogy for online reflective practice. In In R. Brandenburg, K. Glasswell and M. Jones and J. Ryan (Ed.). Reflective theory and practice in teacher education pp. 205 - 222 Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-3431-2
Professional standards for teachers—what are they good for?
Adoniou, Misty and Gallagher, Mary. (2017). Professional standards for teachers—what are they good for? Oxford Review of Education. 43(1), pp. 109 - 126. https://doi.org/10.1080/03054985.2016.1243522
Improving a school-based science education task using critical reflective practice
Jones, Mellita. (2017). Improving a school-based science education task using critical reflective practice. In In R. Brandenburg, K. Glasswell and M. Jones and J. Ryan (Ed.). Reflective theory and practice in teacher education pp. 179 - 204 Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-3431-2
The online space: developing strong pedagogy for online reflective practice
Jones, Mellita and Ryan, Josephine. (2017). The online space: developing strong pedagogy for online reflective practice. In In R. Brandenburg, K. Glasswell and M. Jones and J. Ryan (Ed.). Reflective theory and practice in teacher education pp. 205 - 222 Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-3431-2
An evaluation of an Australian Aboriginal controlled-community organization's remote sports-based programme: A qualitative investigation
Cinelli, Renata. (2016). An evaluation of an Australian Aboriginal controlled-community organization's remote sports-based programme: A qualitative investigation. Sport in Society. 19(7), pp. 973 - 989. https://doi.org/10.1080/17430437.2015.1096247
Successful university-school partnerships: An interpretive framework to inform partnership practice
Jones, Mellita Mary, Hobbs, Linda, Kenny, John Daniel, Campbell, Coral, Chittleborough, Gail, Gilbert, Andrew, Herbert, Sandra and Redman, Christine. (2016). Successful university-school partnerships: An interpretive framework to inform partnership practice. Teaching and Teacher Education. 60, pp. 108 - 120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2016.08.006
Use of drugs to change appearance among girls and female adolescents
O'Dea, Jennifer and Cinelli, Renata Leah. (2016). Use of drugs to change appearance among girls and female adolescents. In In Hall, Matthew, Grogan, Sarah and Gough, Brendan (Ed.). Chemically modified bodies : The use of diverse substances for appearance enhancement pp. 51-76 Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-53535-1_4
Scaling-up an efficacious school-based physical activity intervention: Study protocol for the 'Internet-based Professional Learning to help teachers support Activity in Youth' (iPLAY) cluster randomized controlled trial and scale-up implementation evaluation
Lonsdale, Christopher S., Sanders, Taren G., Cohen, Kristen E., Parker, Philip, Noetel, Michael, Hartwig, Timothy Bryan, Vasconcellos, Diego, Kirwan, Morwenna, Morgan, Philip, Salmon, Jo, Moodie, Marj, McKay, Heather A., Bennie, Andrew, Plotnikoff, Ron C., Cinelli, Renata, Greene, David Anthony, Peralta, Louisa R., Cliff, Dylan, Kolt, Gregory S., ... Lubans, David. (2016). Scaling-up an efficacious school-based physical activity intervention: Study protocol for the 'Internet-based Professional Learning to help teachers support Activity in Youth' (iPLAY) cluster randomized controlled trial and scale-up implementation evaluation. BMC Public Health. 16(873), pp. 1 - 16. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3243-2
'Achievement, pride and inspiration' : Outcomes for volunteer role models in a community outreach program in remote Aboriginal communities
Cinelli, Renata and Peralta, L.. (2015). 'Achievement, pride and inspiration' : Outcomes for volunteer role models in a community outreach program in remote Aboriginal communities. Rural and Remote Health. 15, pp. 1 - 8.
Children's literature as an invitation to science inquiry in early childhood education
McLean, Karen, Jones, Mellita and Schaper, Clare. (2015). Children's literature as an invitation to science inquiry in early childhood education. Australasian Journal of Early Childhood. 40(4), pp. 49 - 56.
Successful and 'transferable' practice
Jones, Mellita. (2014). Successful and 'transferable' practice. In In M. Jones and J. Ryan (Ed.). Successful teacher education: Partnerships, reflective practice and the place of technology pp. 177 - 194 Sense Publishers. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-6209-677-6_11
Reflective Practice in the Online Space
Jones, Mellita. (2014). Reflective Practice in the Online Space. In In M. Jones and J. Ryan (Ed.). Successful teacher education: Partnerships, reflective practice and the place of technology Sense Publishers. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-6209-677-6_10
Communication in the practicum: Fostering relationships between universities and schools
Ryan, Josephine and Jones, Mellita. (2014). Communication in the practicum: Fostering relationships between universities and schools. In In M. Jones and J. Ryan (Ed.). Successful teacher education: Partnerships, reflective practice and the place of technology Sense Publishers.
Learning in the practicum : Engaging pre-service teachers in reflective practice in the online space
Jones, Mellita and Ryan, Josephine. (2014). Learning in the practicum : Engaging pre-service teachers in reflective practice in the online space. Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education. 42(2), pp. 132 - 146. https://doi.org/10.1080/1359866X.2014.892058
Science teacher education partnerships with schools (STEPS) : Partnerships in science teacher education
Kenny, John, Hobbs, Linda, Herbert, Sandra, Jones, Mellita, Chittleborough, Gail, Campbell, Coral, Gilbert, Andrew and Redman, Christine. (2014). Science teacher education partnerships with schools (STEPS) : Partnerships in science teacher education. Australian Journal of Teacher Education. 39(12), pp. 43 - 65. https://doi.org/10.14221/ajte.2014v39n12.4
Transformative learning in science education: Investigating pedagogy for action
Carter, Lyn, Rodriguez, Carolina Castano and Jones, Mellita. (2014). Transformative learning in science education: Investigating pedagogy for action. In In L. Bencze and S. Alsop (Ed.). Activist science and technology education pp. 531 - 545 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-4360-1_30
Personalising learning in teacher education through technology
Jones, Mellita and McLean, Karen. (2012). Personalising learning in teacher education through technology. Australian Journal of Teacher Education. 37(1), pp. 75 - 92. https://doi.org/10.14221/ajte.2012v37n1.1
Body image, desired weight and body figure preferences of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australian women across the lifespan
Cinelli, Renata and O'Dea, Jennifer. (2012). Body image, desired weight and body figure preferences of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australian women across the lifespan Sydney, Australia: Youth, Sport and Heath Research Network of the Faculty of Education and Social Work.
Creating a sustainable and supportive teaching practicum in rural and regional locations
Ryan, Josephine, Jones, Mellita and Walta, Caroline. (2012). Creating a sustainable and supportive teaching practicum in rural and regional locations. Australian and International Journal of Rural Education. 22(1), pp. 57 - 72.
Body Image, Desired Weight and Body Figure Preferences of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australian women across the lifespan
Cinelli, Renata and O'Dea, Jennifer. (2012). Body Image, Desired Weight and Body Figure Preferences of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australian women across the lifespan Sydney, Australia: Youth, Sport and Heath Research Network of the Faculty of Education and Social Work.
Body Image, Desired Weight and Body Figure Preferences of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australian women across the lifespan
Cinelli, Renata and O'Dea, Jennifer. (2012). Body Image, Desired Weight and Body Figure Preferences of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australian women across the lifespan Sydney, Australia: Youth, Sport and Heath Research Network of the Faculty of Education and Social Work.
Patients' and family members' views on how clinicians enact and how they should enact incident disclosure :the "100 patient stories" qualitative study
Iedema, R, Allen, Suellen, Britton, K, Piper, D, Baker, A, Grbich, C, Allan, Alfred, Jones, Liz, Tuckett, Anthony Gerrard, Williams, Allison, Manias, Elizabeth and Gallagher, T. (2011). Patients' and family members' views on how clinicians enact and how they should enact incident disclosure :the "100 patient stories" qualitative study. BMJ (Clinical Research Edition). 343, pp. 1 - 9. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.d4423
Collaborative partnerships: A model of professional learning in primary science for practising and preservice teachers
Jones, Mellita M.. (2010). Collaborative partnerships: A model of professional learning in primary science for practising and preservice teachers [Thesis]. https://doi.org/10.4226/66/5a95f73ec682f
From theory to practice :implementing innovative and authentic assessment tasks within pre-service teacher education courses
Gallagher, Mary and Shellshear, Theresa. (2010). From theory to practice :implementing innovative and authentic assessment tasks within pre-service teacher education courses. In N. Parker and K. Waite (Ed.). Proceedings of the ATN Assessment Conference 2010 - Assessment: sustainability, diversity and innovation. Australia: University of Technology Sydney. pp. 1 - 4
Enhancing student motivation and their sense of feeling valued through a vertical re-structuring of the curriculum
Jones, Mellita. (2009). Enhancing student motivation and their sense of feeling valued through a vertical re-structuring of the curriculum. Curriculum Perspectives. 29(3), pp. 46 - 67.
Body image and obesity among Australian adolescents from Indigenous and Anglo-European backgrounds: implications for health promotion and obesity prevention among Aboriginal youth
Cinelli, Renata and O'Dea, Jennifer A.. (2009). Body image and obesity among Australian adolescents from Indigenous and Anglo-European backgrounds: implications for health promotion and obesity prevention among Aboriginal youth. Health Education Research.
Collaborative partnerships: A model for science teacher education and professional development
Jones, Mellita. (2008). Collaborative partnerships: A model for science teacher education and professional development. Australian Journal of Teacher Education. 33(3), pp. 61 - 76. https://doi.org/10.14221/ajte.2008v33n3.5
Stories in ICT professional development
McNamara, Sue, Jones, Mellita and McLean, Karen. (2007). Stories in ICT professional development. In Partnerships in ICT Learning Study: Case Studies Department of Education, Employment, and Workplace Relations.
Strategic Partnerships in ICT :a model of Professional Development shifting the focus of ICT as a vehicle for learning
McLean, Karen, McNamara, Sue and Jones, Mellita. (2006). Strategic Partnerships in ICT :a model of Professional Development shifting the focus of ICT as a vehicle for learning. IT's up here for thinking! ACEC 2006 Conference Proceedings. Cairns, Australia: Australian Computers in Education Conference. pp. 1 - 6
Re-engaging students in their learning through middle-school reform: A case study evalution of a vertically structured curriculum
Jones, Mellita M.. (2005). Re-engaging students in their learning through middle-school reform: A case study evalution of a vertically structured curriculum [Thesis]. https://doi.org/10.4226/66/5a94b3215e4b6