Patterns of time use among regional and rural adolescent girls : Associations with correlates of physical activity and health-related quality of life

Journal article


Casey, M., Harvey, J., Telford, A., Eime, R., Mooney, A. and Payne, W.. (2016). Patterns of time use among regional and rural adolescent girls : Associations with correlates of physical activity and health-related quality of life. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 19(11), pp. 931-935. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2016.02.004
AuthorsCasey, M., Harvey, J., Telford, A., Eime, R., Mooney, A. and Payne, W.
Abstract

Objectives
To describe patterns of time use among regional and rural adolescent girls and compare identified clusters with respect to correlates of physical activity (PA) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL).

Design
Cross-sectional PA and lifestyle survey.

Methods
Data were from Year 7–9 adolescent girls (aged 12–15 years) from 16 schools involved in a cluster-randomised trial in regional and rural Victoria, Australia (n = 494). Time use data were collected using 24-h Previous Day Physical Activity Recall (PDPAR-24) questionnaire, collapsed into 17 categories of time use. Differences between time use clusters with regard to demographics, correlates of PA and HRQoL measured using PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales, were investigated.

Results
Two time use clusters were identified and were associated with correlates of PA and HRQoL. Girls who spent significantly more time in teams sports, non-team sports, school classes, watching TV and sleeping had higher levels of positively aligned PA correlates (e.g. self-efficacy, perceived sports competence) and HRQoL than girls characterised with high levels of computer use and video gaming.

Conclusions
These findings highlight how different activity patterns of regional and rural girls affect HRQoL and can inform future intervention strategies to improve PA levels and HRQoL. Clusters characterised by low levels of PA and high computer use and video gaming require targeted interventions to address barriers to their participation

Keywordsadolescent; female; cluster analysis; health-related quality of life; physical activity correlates; time use
Year2016
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Journal citation19 (11), pp. 931-935
PublisherElsevier Ltd
ISSN1440-2440
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2016.02.004
PubMed ID26996947
Scopus EID2-s2.0-84961226960
Page range931-935
FunderAustralian Research Council (ARC)
Victorian Health Promotion Foundation
Department of Health and Human Services, Victoria
Sport and Recreation Victoria
Tennis Victoria
Football Federation Victoria
YMCA Victoria
Ballarat Aquatic Centre
Helen Macpherson Smith Trust
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online09 Mar 2016
Publication process dates
Accepted05 Feb 2016
Deposited19 Jul 2023
ARC Funded ResearchThis output has been funded, wholly or partially, under the Australian Research Council Act 2001
Grant IDLP0990206
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