Factors influencing the transition and retention of mental health nurses during the initial years of practice : Scoping review

Journal article


Joseph, Bindu, Jacob, Sini, Lam, Louisa and Rahman, Muhammad Aziz. (2022). Factors influencing the transition and retention of mental health nurses during the initial years of practice : Scoping review. Journal of Nursing Management. 30(8), pp. 4274-4284. https://doi.org/10.1111/jonm.13882
AuthorsJoseph, Bindu, Jacob, Sini, Lam, Louisa and Rahman, Muhammad Aziz
Abstract

Aim
This review aims to identify the factors influencing the transition and retention of mental health nurses during the initial years of practice, recognize gaps in the literature and propose evidence-based strategies.

Background
Mental health is a challenging specialty; recruitment, transition and retention of mental health nurses are known issues of concern.

Evaluation
The present study undertakes a scoping review to identify factors influencing the transition and retention of mental health nurses during the initial years of practice and the gaps in that research domain. A literature search was conducted using electronic databases. To gain an understanding of the topic of interest, the review of the literature extended from 2000 to 2022.

Key issues
Existing evidence focuses on specific perspectives of transition. There is limited literature on factors influencing transition and retention among mental health nurses. Findings suggested that personal and professional factors could influence the transition and retention of mental health nurses during the initial years of practice. The main themes identified were personal attributes and professional factors with a number of subthemes.

Conclusion
The scoping review identified only a few studies, which showed personal and professional factors related to the transition and retention of mental health nurses at the early stages of their career.

Implications for nursing management
Potential benefits of effective transition and support with the understanding of factors influencing transition and retention of early career mental health nurses will enhance staff morale, sustainability of the workforce and better patient outcomes. Additionally, a few recommendations for nurse managers and leaders to improve transitional experiences and retention of early career nurses are highlighted.

Keywordsearly-career; factors; initial years; mental health nurses; retention; transition
Year2022
JournalJournal of Nursing Management
Journal citation30 (8), pp. 4274-4284
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons Ltd
ISSN0966-0429
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/jonm.13882
PubMed ID36336824
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85142648874
PubMed Central IDPMC10100461
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
Page range4274-4284
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online23 Nov 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted27 Oct 2022
Deposited28 Jul 2023
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