Who's most at risk of poor body image? Identifying subgroups of adolescent social media users over the course of a year

Journal article


Jarman, Hannah K., Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew, Mclean, Siân A., Rodgers, Rachel F., Slater, Amy, Gordon, Chloe S. and Paxton, Susan J.. (2023). Who's most at risk of poor body image? Identifying subgroups of adolescent social media users over the course of a year. Computers in Human Behavior. 147, p. Article 107823. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2023.107823
AuthorsJarman, Hannah K., Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew, Mclean, Siân A., Rodgers, Rachel F., Slater, Amy, Gordon, Chloe S. and Paxton, Susan J.
Abstract

Types and stability of appearance-related social media use patterns remain under-explored despite established links between social media use and wellbeing. This study aimed to identify subgroups of social media users, and explore whether subgroup membership was stable over time and associated with body image-related outcomes. Adolescents (N = 766; Mage = 12.76, SD = 0.73; 49.40% female) completed four surveys across 1-year, reporting several social media use indices, body dissatisfaction, dietary restraint, and strategies to increase muscle. Latent profile analyses identified two subgroups (moderate and high users), that remained reasonably stable over time. The high subgroup exhibited poorer body image at baseline, though differences seemed to dissipate somewhat over 1-year. Examination of subgroup transition over time showed more rapid increases in poor body image outcomes among social media increasers and more rapid declines for reducers. Prevention programs which aim to reduce high levels of social media use among children, young adolescents, and high-risk individuals (i.e., appearance-focused users) appear warranted.

Keywordssocial media; body image; subgroups; prospective; adolescents; stability
Year2023
JournalComputers in Human Behavior
Journal citation147, p. Article 107823
PublisherElsevier Ltd
ISSN0747-5632
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2023.107823
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85161353663
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
Page range1-10
FunderAustralian Research Council (ARC)
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online02 Jun 2023
Publication process dates
Accepted25 May 2023
Deposited14 Sep 2023
ARC Funded ResearchThis output has been funded, wholly or partially, under the Australian Research Council Act 2001
Grant IDDP170100709
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