Is port state control influenced by the COVID-19? Evidence from inspection data

Journal article


Yan, Ran, Mo, Haoyu, Guo, Xiaomeng, Yang, Ying and Wang, Shuaian. (2022). Is port state control influenced by the COVID-19? Evidence from inspection data. Transport Policy. 123, pp. 82-103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2022.04.002
AuthorsYan, Ran, Mo, Haoyu, Guo, Xiaomeng, Yang, Ying and Wang, Shuaian
Abstract

Maritime transport plays a key role in global trade. The safeguard of maritime transport is the Port State Control (PSC) inspection implemented all over the world. The outbreak of the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in 2020 presents new and unprecedented impacts on global supply chains and the ports as well as the entire shipping industry. Various measures were adopted by the countries and regions to halt the spread of the pandemic, mainly by reducing face-to-face interactions. As PSC inspections involve getting onboard vessels and in-person communications between the inspectors and the crew, its procedure and results are highly likely to be influenced by the COVID-19. This study aims to explore whether, how, and why the global and regional PSC inspection statuses are influenced by the pandemic through analyzing real inspection data. Specifically, three general indicators, namely inspection number, average deficiency number per inspection, and detention rate, are considered. Moreover, a detailed and comprehensive analysis of the inspection data at the Hong Kong port is conducted, including the number of inspections conducted, the average deficiency number and detention rate, the types of inspections conducted and ships inspected, the detailed deficiency and detention conditions, the relationship between the local pandemic situation and the PSC inspection status, and regression analysis on the influencing factors on inspection outcome. It is found that the COVID-19 pandemic indeed has an impact on PSC. Meanwhile, pragmatic and flexible measures are adopted by the port states, and the PSC has always been acting as a ‘safety net’ to guarantee maritime safety, promote the marine environment, and protect the seafarers' rights even under the difficult times during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Keywordsport state control (PSC); COVID-19; maritime transport; deficiency code; ship detention
Year2022
JournalTransport Policy
Journal citation123, pp. 82-103
PublisherElsevier Ltd
ISSN0967-070X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2022.04.002
PubMed ID35462971
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85130388093
PubMed Central IDPMC9015967
Page range82-103
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online19 Apr 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted02 Apr 2022
Deposited05 Oct 2023
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