Characteristics and outcomes of a community upper limb rehabilitation group for adult stroke survivors in Australia : A pre-post cohort study

Journal article


English, Kylie, Daley, Bella, Cahill, Liana, Liu, Enwu, Lannin, Natasha A. and Baker, Anne. (2022). Characteristics and outcomes of a community upper limb rehabilitation group for adult stroke survivors in Australia : A pre-post cohort study. Occupational Therapy in Health Care. 36(4), pp. 440-458. https://doi.org/10.1080/07380577.2021.2012734
AuthorsEnglish, Kylie, Daley, Bella, Cahill, Liana, Liu, Enwu, Lannin, Natasha A. and Baker, Anne
Abstract

This study investigated outcomes of a community-based upper limb rehabilitation group for adult stroke survivors in metropolitan Australia. Pre-post data were extracted from medical records. Participants (n  =  27) were predominantly men (n = 22, 81%); mean age 61 years (SD 17) and median time 109 days post stroke. Participants improved on upper limb outcomes, with statistically significant changes on several of the items on the Motor Assessment Scale (item seven mean improvement 0.93 (95% CI 0.48-2.19), p = .016; item eight mean improvement 1.4 (95% CI 0.38-2.42), p = .016) and grip strength (mean improvement 4.5 kg/9 pounds, 14.73 ounces (95% CI 1.5-7.6), p = .006). These results guide occupational therapists implementing community-based upper limb rehabilitation groups.

Keywordsarm; hand; occupational therapy; rehabilitation; stroke
Year2022
JournalOccupational Therapy in Health Care
Journal citation36 (4), pp. 440-458
PublisherTaylor & Francis
ISSN0738-0577
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/07380577.2021.2012734
PubMed ID34878364
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85121386919
Page range440-458
Publisher's version
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All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online08 Dec 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted27 Nov 2021
Deposited05 Oct 2023
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Lesnyak, O., Zakroyeva, A., Lobanchenko, O., Johansson, H., Liu, E., Lorentzon, M., Harvey, N. C., McCloskey, E. and Kanis, J. A.. (2020). A surrogate FRAX model for the Kyrgyz Republic. Archives of Osteoporosis. 15, pp. 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11657-020-00743-2
Does telehealth delivery of a dyadic dementia care program provide a noninferior alternative to face-to-face delivery of the same program? A randomized, controlled trial
Laver, Kate, Liu, Enwu, Clemson, Lindy, Davies, Owen, Gray, Leonard, Gitlin, Laura N. and Crotty, Maria. (2020). Does telehealth delivery of a dyadic dementia care program provide a noninferior alternative to face-to-face delivery of the same program? A randomized, controlled trial. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 28(6), pp. 673 - 682. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jagp.2020.02.009
A decade of FRAX: How has it changed the management of osteoporosis?
Kanis, John A., Harvey, Nicholas C., Johansson, Helena, Liu, Enwu, Vandenput, Liesbeth, Lorentzon, Mattias, Leslie, William D. and McCloskey, Eugene V.. (2020). A decade of FRAX: How has it changed the management of osteoporosis? Aging Clinical and Experimental Research. 32(2), pp. 187 - 196. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40520-019-01432-y
Use of age-dependent FRAX-based intervention thresholds for Singapore
Kanis, John A., Chandran, Manju, Chionh, Siok Bee, Ganeson, Ganga, Harvey, Nicholas C., Koh, Woon-Puay, Kwok, Timothy, Lau, Tang Ching, Liu, Enwu, Lorentzon, Mattias, McCloskey, Eugene V., Tan, Kelvin Bryan, Vandenput, Liesbeth and Johansson, Helena. (2020). Use of age-dependent FRAX-based intervention thresholds for Singapore. Archives of Osteoporosis. 15, pp. 1 - 10. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11657-020-00782-9
The effectiveness of somatosensory retraining for improving sensory function in the arm following stroke: a systematic review
Megan Turville, Liana Cahill, Thomas Matyas, Jannette M. Blennerhassett and Leeanne Carey. (2019). The effectiveness of somatosensory retraining for improving sensory function in the arm following stroke: a systematic review. Clinical Rehabilitation. 33(5), pp. 834-846. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215519829795
Appendicular lean mass and fracture risk assessment: Implications for FRAX(R) and sarcopenia
Harvey, Nicholas C., Kanis, John A., Liu, Enwu, Johansson, Helena, Lorentzon, Mattias and McCloskey, Eugene. (2019). Appendicular lean mass and fracture risk assessment: Implications for FRAX(R) and sarcopenia. Osteoporosis International. 30(3), pp. 537 - 539. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-019-04904-z
Temporal changes in access to FRAX in Thailand between 2010 and 2018
Chotiyarnwong, Pojchong, Harvey, Nicholas C., Johansson, Helena, Liu, Enwu, Lorentzon, Mattias, Kanis, John A. and McCloskey, Eugene V.. (2019). Temporal changes in access to FRAX in Thailand between 2010 and 2018. Archives of Osteoporosis. 14(1), pp. 1 - 7. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11657-019-0613-2
Patterns of medication prescription by dementia diagnosis in Australian nursing home residents: A cross-sectional study
Liu, Enwu, Dyer, Suzanne M., Whitehead, Craig, O'Donnell, Lisa Kouladjian, Gnanamanickam, Emmanuel S., Harrison, Stephanie L., Milte, Rachel and Crotty, Maria. (2019). Patterns of medication prescription by dementia diagnosis in Australian nursing home residents: A cross-sectional study. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research. 49(1), pp. 33 - 40. https://doi.org/10.1002/jppr.1457
Alternative staffing structures in a clustered domestic model of residential aged care in Australia
Harrison, Stephanie L., Dyer, Suzanne M., Milte, Rachel, Liu, Enwu, Gnanamanickam, Emmanuel S. and Crotty, Maria. (2019). Alternative staffing structures in a clustered domestic model of residential aged care in Australia. Australasian Journal on Ageing. 38(Suppl 2), pp. 68 - 74. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajag.12674
Should we provide outreach rehabilitation to very old people living in Nursing Care Facilities after a hip fracture? A randomised controlled trial
Crotty, Maria, Killington, Maggie, Liu, Enwu, Cameron, Ian D., Kurrle, Susan, Kaambwa, Billingsley, Davies, Owen, Miller, Michelle D., Chehade, Mellick and Ratcliffe, Julie. (2019). Should we provide outreach rehabilitation to very old people living in Nursing Care Facilities after a hip fracture? A randomised controlled trial. Age and Ageing. 48(3), pp. 373 - 380. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afz005
Clustered domestic residential aged care in Australia: fewer hospitalisations and better quality of life
Dyer, Suzanne M., Liu, Enwu, Gnanamanickam, Emmanuel S., Milte, Rachel, Easton, Tiffany, Harrison, Stephanie L., Bradley, Clare E., Ratcliffe, Julie and Crotty, Maria. (2018). Clustered domestic residential aged care in Australia: fewer hospitalisations and better quality of life. Medical Journal of Australia. 208(10), pp. 433 - 438. https://doi.org/10.5694/mja17.00861
Associations between the drug burden index, potentially inappropriate medications and quality of life in residential aged care
Harrison, Stephanie L., Kouladjian O'Donnell, Lisa, Bradley, Clare E., Milte, Rachel, Dyer, Suzanne M., Gnanamanickam, Emmanuel S., Liu, Enwu, Hilmer, Sarah N. and Crotty, Maria. (2018). Associations between the drug burden index, potentially inappropriate medications and quality of life in residential aged care. Drugs and Aging. 35(1), pp. 83-91. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40266-017-0513-3
Direct health and residential care costs of people living with dementia in Australian residential aged care
Gnanamanickam, Emmanuel S., Dyer, Suzanne M., Milte, Rachel, Harrison, Stephanie L., Liu, Enwu, Easton, Tiffany, Bradley, Clare, Bilton, Rebecca, Shulver, Wendy, Ratcliffe, Julie, Whitehead, Craig and Crotty, Maria. (2018). Direct health and residential care costs of people living with dementia in Australian residential aged care. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 33(7), pp. 859 - 866. https://doi.org/10.1002/gps.4842
Changing practice in the assessment and treatment of somatosensory loss in stroke survivors: Protocol for a knowledge translation study
Cahill, Liana, Lannin, Natasha, Mak-Yuen, Yvonne, Turville, Megan and Carey, Leeanne. (2018). Changing practice in the assessment and treatment of somatosensory loss in stroke survivors: Protocol for a knowledge translation study. BMC Health Services Research. 18(34), pp. 1 - 8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-2829-z
Psychotropic medications in older people in residential care facilities and associations with quality of life: a cross-sectional study
Harrison, Stephanie L., Bradley, Clare E., Milte, Rachel, Liu, Enwu, O'Donnell, Lisa K., Hilmer, Sarah N. and Crotty, Maria. (2018). Psychotropic medications in older people in residential care facilities and associations with quality of life: a cross-sectional study. BMC Geriatrics. 18(60), pp. 1 - 8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-018-0752-0
Costs of potentially inappropriate medication use in residential aged care facilities
Harrison, S. L., O'Donnell, L. K., Milte, R., Dyer, S. M., Gnanamanickam, E. S., Bradley, C., Liu, Enwu, Hilmer, S. N. and Crotty, M.. (2018). Costs of potentially inappropriate medication use in residential aged care facilities. BMC Geriatrics. 18(9), pp. 1 - 10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-018-0704-8
Diagnosis of dementia in residential aged care settings in Australia: An opportunity for improvements in quality of care?
Dyer, Suzanne M., Gnanamanickam, Emmanuel S., Liu, Enwu, Whitehead, Craig and Crotty, Maria. (2018). Diagnosis of dementia in residential aged care settings in Australia: An opportunity for improvements in quality of care? Australasian Journal on Ageing. 37(4), pp. e155 - e158. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajag.12580
Clustered domestic model of residential care is associated with better consumer rated quality of care
Gnanamanickam, Emmanuel S., Dyer, Suzanne M., Milte, Rachel, Liu, Enwu, Ratcliffe, Julie and Crotty, Maria. (2018). Clustered domestic model of residential care is associated with better consumer rated quality of care. International Journal for Quality in Health Care. https://doi.org/10.1093/intqhc/mzy181
An empirical comparison of the EQ-5D-5L, DEMQOL-U and DEMQOL-Proxy-U in a post-hospitalisation population of frail older people living in residential aged care
Ratcliffe, Julie, Flint, Thomas, Easton, Tiffany, Killington, Maggie, Cameron, Ian, Davies, Owen, Whitehead, Craig, Kurrle, Susan, Miller, Michelle D., Liu, Enwu and Crotty, Maria. (2017). An empirical comparison of the EQ-5D-5L, DEMQOL-U and DEMQOL-Proxy-U in a post-hospitalisation population of frail older people living in residential aged care. Applied Health Economics and Health Policy. 15(3), pp. 399 - 412. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40258-016-0293-7
Implementation interventions to promote the uptake of evidence-based practices in stroke rehabilitation
Cahill, Liana S., Carey, Leeanne M., Lannin, Natasha A., Turville, Megan and O'Connor, Denise. (2017). Implementation interventions to promote the uptake of evidence-based practices in stroke rehabilitation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2017(3), pp. 1 - 15. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD012575
Association of cardiovascular system medications with cognitive function and dementia in older adults living in nursing homes in Australia
Liu, Enwu, Dyer, Suzanne M., O'Donnell, Lisa Kouladjian, Milte, Rachel, Bradley, Clare E., Harrison, Stephanie L., Gnanamanickam, Emmanuel S., Whitehead, Craig and Crotty, Maria. (2017). Association of cardiovascular system medications with cognitive function and dementia in older adults living in nursing homes in Australia. Journal of Geriatric Cardiology. 14(6), pp. 407 - 415. https://doi.org/10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2017.06.009
Early supported discharge by caregiver-mediated exercise and e-Health support after stroke - A proof-of-concept trial
Van Den Berg, Maayken, Crotty, Maria, Liu, Enwu, Killington, Maggie, Kwakkel, Gert and van Wegen, Erwin. (2016). Early supported discharge by caregiver-mediated exercise and e-Health support after stroke - A proof-of-concept trial. Stroke. 47(7), pp. 1885 - 1892. https://doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.116.013431
Hemiplegic shoulder pain reduces quality of life after acute stroke - A prospective population-based study
Adey-Wakeling, Zoe, Liu, Enwu, Crotty, Maria, Leyden, James, Kleinig, Timothy, Anderson, Craig and Newbury, Jonathon. (2016). Hemiplegic shoulder pain reduces quality of life after acute stroke - A prospective population-based study. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 95(10), pp. 758 - 763. https://doi.org/10.1097/PHM.0000000000000496
New South Wales Child Development Study (NSW-CDS): An Australian multiagency, multigenerational, longitudinal record linkage study
Carr, Vaughan J., Harris, Felicity, Raudino, Alessandra, Luo, Luming, Kariuki, Maina, Liu, Enwu, Tzoumakis, Stacy, Smith, Maxwell, Holbrook, Allyson, Bore, Miles, Brinkman, Sally, Lenroot, Rhoshel, Dix, Katherine, Dean, Kimberlie, Laurens, Kristin R. and Green, Melissa J.. (2016). New South Wales Child Development Study (NSW-CDS): An Australian multiagency, multigenerational, longitudinal record linkage study. BMJ Open. 6(2), pp. 1 - 9. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009023
Hospital admission for infection during early childhood influences developmental vulnerabilities at age 5 years
Kariuki, Maina, Raudino, Alessandra, Green, Melissa, Laurens, Kristin, Dean, Kimberlie, Brinkman, Sally, Lenroot, Rhoshel, Liu, Enwu, Harris, Felicity, Luo, Luming and Carr, Vaughn J.. (2016). Hospital admission for infection during early childhood influences developmental vulnerabilities at age 5 years. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. 52(9), pp. 882 - 888. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpc.13239
Hospital admission for infection during early childhood influences developmental vulnerabilities at age 5 years
Kariuki, Maina, Raudino, Alessandra, Green, Melissa J., Laurens, Kristin R., Dean, Kimberlie, Brinkman, Sally A., Lenroot, Rhoshel K., Liu, Enwu, Harris, Felicity, Luo, Luming and Carr, Vaughn J.. (2016). Hospital admission for infection during early childhood influences developmental vulnerabilities at age 5 years. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. 52(9), pp. 882 - 888. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpc.13239
New South Wales child development study (NSW-CDS): An Australian multiagency, multigenerational, longitudinal record linkage study
Carr, Vaughn J., Harris, Felicity, Raudino, Alessandra, Luo, Luming, Kariuki, Maina, Liu, Enwu, Tzoumakis, Stacy, Smith, Maxwell, Holbrook, Allyson, Bore, Miles, Brinkman, Sally, Lenroot, Rhoshel, Dix, Katherine, Dean, Kimberlie, Laurens, Kristin R. and Green, Melissa J.. (2016). New South Wales child development study (NSW-CDS): An Australian multiagency, multigenerational, longitudinal record linkage study. BMJ Open. 6(2), pp. 1 - 9. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009023
Baseline HCV antibody prevalence and risk factors among drug users in China's National Methadone Maintenance Treatment Program
Wang, Changhe, Shi, Cynthia X., Rou, Keming, Zhao, Yan, Cao, Xiaobin, Luo, Wei, Liu, Enwu and Wu, Zunyou. (2016). Baseline HCV antibody prevalence and risk factors among drug users in China's National Methadone Maintenance Treatment Program. PLoS ONE. 11(2), pp. 1 - 14. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0147922
Somatosensory assessment and treatment after stroke: An evidence-practice gap
Pumpa, Lloyd U., Cahill, Liana Sophia and Carey, Leeanne M.. (2015). Somatosensory assessment and treatment after stroke: An evidence-practice gap. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal. 62(2), pp. 93 - 104. https://doi.org/10.1111/1440-1630.12170
Who uses methadone services in China? Monitoring the world's largest methadone programme
Sullivan, Sheena G., Wu, Zunyou, Rou, Keming, Pang, Lin, Luo, Wei, Wang, Changhe, Cao, Xiaobin, Yin, Wenyuan, Liu, Enwu and Mi, Guodong. (2015). Who uses methadone services in China? Monitoring the world's largest methadone programme. Addiction. 110(Suppl. 1), pp. 29 - 39. https://doi.org/10.1111/add.12781
Continued drug use during methadone treatment in China: A retrospective analysis of 19,026 service users
Sullivan, Sheena G., Wu, Zunyou, Cao, Xiaobin, Liu, Enwu and Detels, Roger. (2014). Continued drug use during methadone treatment in China: A retrospective analysis of 19,026 service users. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 47(1), pp. 86 - 92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsat.2013.12.004
Referring heroin users from compulsory detoxification centers to community methadone maintenance treatment : A comparison of three models
Yan, Liping, Liu, Enwu, McGoogan, Jennifer M., Duan, Song, Wu, Li-Tzy, Comulada, Scott and Wu, Zunyou. (2013). Referring heroin users from compulsory detoxification centers to community methadone maintenance treatment : A comparison of three models. BMC Public Health. 13(1), pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-747
HIV and syphilis prevalence among men who have sex with men : A cross-sectional survey of 61 cities in China
Wu, Zunyou, Xu, Jie, Liu, Enwu, Mao, Yurong, Xiao, Yan, Sun, Xinhua, Liu, Yufen, Jiang, Yan, McGoogan, Jennifer M., Dou, Zhi, Mi, Guodong, Wang, Ning, Sun, Jiangping, Liu, Zhongfu, Wang, Lu, Rou, Keming, Pang, Lin, Xing, Wenge, Xu, Juan, ... National MSM Survey Group. (2013). HIV and syphilis prevalence among men who have sex with men : A cross-sectional survey of 61 cities in China. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 57(2), pp. 298-309. https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/cit210
Factors associated with mortality of HIV-positive clients receiving methadone maintenance treatment in China
Liu, Enwu, Rou, Keming, McGoogan, Jennifer M., Pang, Lin, Cao, Xiaobin, Wang, Changhe, Luo, Wei, Sullivan, Sheena G., Montaner, Julio S. G., Bulterys, Marc, Detels, Roger, Wu, Zunyou and China’s National Working Group on Methadone Maintenance Treatment. (2013). Factors associated with mortality of HIV-positive clients receiving methadone maintenance treatment in China. Journal of Infectious Diseases. 3(1), pp. 442-453. https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jit163
Antiretroviral therapy to prevent HIV transmission in serodiscordant couples in China (2003-11) : A national observational cohort study
Jia, Zhongwei, Mao, Yurong, Zhang, Fujie, Ruan, Yuhua, Ma, Ye, Li, Jian, Guo, Wei, Liu, Enwu, Dou, Zhihui, Zhao, Yan, Wang, Lu, Li, Qianqian, Xie, Peiyan, Tang, Houlin, Han, Jing, Jin, Xia, Xu, Juan, Xiong, Ran, Zhao, Decai, ... Shao, Yiming. (2013). Antiretroviral therapy to prevent HIV transmission in serodiscordant couples in China (2003-11) : A national observational cohort study. The Lancet. 382(9899), pp. 1195-1203. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61898-4