Orthographic expectancies in the absence of contextual support

Journal article


Wegener, Signy, Wang, Hua-Chen, Beyersmann, Elisabeth, Nation, Kate, Colenbrander, Danielle and Castles, Anne. (2023). Orthographic expectancies in the absence of contextual support. Scientific Studies of Reading. 27(2), pp. 187-197. https://doi.org/10.1080/10888438.2022.2127356
AuthorsWegener, Signy, Wang, Hua-Chen, Beyersmann, Elisabeth, Nation, Kate, Colenbrander, Danielle and Castles, Anne
Abstract

Purpose
Readers can draw on their knowledge of sound-to-letter mappings to form expectations about the spellings of known spoken words prior to seeing them in written sentences. The current study asked whether such orthographic expectancies are observed in the absence of contextual support at the point of reading.

Method
Seventy-eight adults received oral vocabulary training on 16 novel words over two days, while another set of 16 items was untrained. Following training, participants saw both trained and untrained novel words in print for the first time within a lexical recognition task. Half of the items had spellings that were predictable from their pronunciations (e.g., nesh), while the remainder had spellings that were less predictable from their pronunciations (e.g., koyb).

Results
Participants were able to recognize newly learned words, and lexical recognition latencies displayed clear evidence of orthographic expectancies, as evidenced by a larger effect of spelling predictability for orally trained than untrained items.

Conclusion
These data are consistent with the emergence of orthographic expectancies even when written words are first encountered in isolation.

Year2023
JournalScientific Studies of Reading
Journal citation27 (2), pp. 187-197
PublisherRoutledge
ISSN1088-8438
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/10888438.2022.2127356
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85138808116
Page range187-197
FunderAustralian Research Council (ARC)
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online22 Sep 2022
Publication process dates
Deposited12 Oct 2023
ARC Funded ResearchThis output has been funded, wholly or partially, under the Australian Research Council Act 2001
Grant IDDP200100311
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