Learning morphologically complex spoken words : Orthographic expectations of embedded stems are formed prior to print exposure

Journal article


Beyersmann, Elisabeth, Wegener, Signy, Nation, Kate, Prokupzcuk, Ayako, Wang, Hua-Chen and Castles, Anne. (2021). Learning morphologically complex spoken words : Orthographic expectations of embedded stems are formed prior to print exposure. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Learning, Memory and Cognition. 47(1), pp. 87-98. https://doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000808
AuthorsBeyersmann, Elisabeth, Wegener, Signy, Nation, Kate, Prokupzcuk, Ayako, Wang, Hua-Chen and Castles, Anne
Abstract

It is well known that information from spoken language is integrated into reading processes, but the nature of these links and how they are acquired is less well understood. Recent evidence has suggested that predictions about the written form of newly learned spoken words are already generated prior to print exposure. We extend this work to morphologically complex words and ask whether the information that is available in spoken words goes beyond the mappings between phonology and orthography. Adults were taught the oral form of a set of novel morphologically complex words (e.g., “neshing”, “neshed”, “neshes”), with a 2nd set serving as untrained items. Following oral training, participants saw the printed form of the novel word stems for the first time (e.g., nesh), embedded in sentences, and their eye movements were monitored. Half of the stems were allocated a predictable and half an unpredictable spelling. Reading times were shorter for orally trained than untrained stems and for stems with predictable rather than unpredictable spellings. Crucially, there was an interaction between spelling predictability and training. This suggests that orthographic expectations of embedded stems are formed during spoken word learning. Reading aloud and spelling tests complemented the eye movement data, and findings are discussed in the context of theories of reading acquisition.

Keywordsspoken word learning; eye tracking; morphological processing; reading acquisition
Year2021
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology : Learning, Memory and Cognition
Journal citation47 (1), pp. 87-98
PublisherAmerican Psychological Association
ISSN0278-7393
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000808
PubMed ID31916831
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85078584837
Open accessPublished as green open access
Page range87-98
FunderAustralian Research Council (ARC)
Research Training Program Scholarship (RTP), Australian Government
Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)
Author's accepted manuscript
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Open
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online09 Jan 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted22 Nov 2019
Deposited12 Oct 2023
ARC Funded ResearchThis output has been funded, wholly or partially, under the Australian Research Council Act 2001
Grant IDDE190100850
ES/M009998/1
DP150100149
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/8zv98/learning-morphologically-complex-spoken-words-orthographic-expectations-of-embedded-stems-are-formed-prior-to-print-exposure

Download files


Author's accepted manuscript

Restricted files

Publisher's version

  • 18
    total views
  • 33
    total downloads
  • 2
    views this month
  • 4
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

The effect of spacing versus massing on orthographic learning
Wegener, Signy, Wang, Hua-Chen, Beyersmann, Elisabeth, Reichle, Erik D., Nation, Kate and Castles, Anne. (2023). The effect of spacing versus massing on orthographic learning. Reading Research Quarterly. 58(3), pp. 361-372. https://doi.org/10.1002/rrq.492
Eye movements during reading
Wegener, Signy, Yu, Lili, Reichle, Erik D., Beyersmann, Elisabeth, Parrila, Rauno and Castles, Anne. (2023). Eye movements during reading. Frontiers for Young Minds. 11, p. Article 769381. https://doi.org/10.3389/frym.2023.769381
That’s good news ☹ : Semantic congruency effects in emoji processing
Beyersmann, Elisabeth, Wegener, Signy and Kemp, Nenagh. (2023). That’s good news ☹ : Semantic congruency effects in emoji processing. Journal of Media Psychology. 35(1), pp. 17-27. https://doi.org/10.1027/1864-1105/a000342
The role of oral vocabulary when L2 speakers read novel words : A complex word training study
Behzadnia, Ali, Wegener, Signy, Bürki, Audrey and Beyersmann, Elisabeth. (2023). The role of oral vocabulary when L2 speakers read novel words : A complex word training study. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1366728923000627
Orthographic expectancies in the absence of contextual support
Wegener, Signy, Wang, Hua-Chen, Beyersmann, Elisabeth, Nation, Kate, Colenbrander, Danielle and Castles, Anne. (2023). Orthographic expectancies in the absence of contextual support. Scientific Studies of Reading. 27(2), pp. 187-197. https://doi.org/10.1080/10888438.2022.2127356
The effect of oral vocabulary training on reading novel complex words
Beyersmann, Elisabeth, Wegener, Signy, Pescuma, Valentina N., Nation, Kate, Colenbrander, Danielle and Castles, Anne. (2023). The effect of oral vocabulary training on reading novel complex words. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 76(6), pp. 1321-1332. https://doi.org/10.1177/17470218221113949
Acquisition of orthographic forms via complex spoken word training
Beyersmann, Elisabeth, Wegener, Signy, Spencer, Jasmine and Castles, Anne. (2023). Acquisition of orthographic forms via complex spoken word training. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review. 30, pp. 739-750. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-022-02185-y
Teaching children to read irregular words : A comparison of three instructional methods
Colenbrander, Danielle, Kohnen, Saskia, Beyersmann, Elisabeth, Robidoux, Serje, Wegener, Signy, Arrow, Tara, Nation, Kate and Castles, Anne. (2022). Teaching children to read irregular words : A comparison of three instructional methods. Scientific Studies of Reading. 26(6), pp. 545-564. https://doi.org/10.1080/10888438.2022.2077653
Oral vocabulary and learning to read new words : A theoretical review
Wegener, Signy, Wang, Hua-Chen, Beyersmann, Elisabeth and Castles, Anne. (2022). Oral vocabulary and learning to read new words : A theoretical review. Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties. 27(2), pp. 253-278. https://doi.org/10.1080/19404158.2022.2097717
The effects of spacing and massing on children's orthographic learning
Wegener, Signy, Wang, Hua-Chen, Beyersmann, Elisabeth, Nation, Kate, Colenbrander, Danielle and Castles, Anne. (2022). The effects of spacing and massing on children's orthographic learning. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 214, p. Article 105309. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2021.105309
Linking spoken and written word knowledge
Wegener, Signy. (2022). Linking spoken and written word knowledge. Nature Reviews Psychology. 1(7), pp. 374-374. https://doi.org/10.1038/s44159-022-00076-6
Children processing novel irregular and regular words during reading : An eye tracking study
Murray, Lyndall, Wegener, Signy, Wang, Hua-Chen, Parrila, Rauno and Castles, Anne. (2022). Children processing novel irregular and regular words during reading : An eye tracking study. Scientific Studies of Reading. 26(5), pp. 417-431. https://doi.org/10.1080/10888438.2022.2030744
Cognitive precursors of reading : A cross-linguistic perspective
Landerl, Karin, Castles, Anne and Parrila, Rauno. (2022). Cognitive precursors of reading : A cross-linguistic perspective. Scientific Studies of Reading. 26(2), pp. 111-124. https://doi.org/10.1080/10888438.2021.1983820
Tracking the relations between children’s reading and emotional health across time : Evidence from four large longitudinal studies
McArthur, Genevieve, Badcock, Nicholas, Castles, Anne and Robidoux, Serje. (2022). Tracking the relations between children’s reading and emotional health across time : Evidence from four large longitudinal studies. Reading Research Quarterly. 57(2), pp. 555-585. https://doi.org/10.1002/rrq.426
Teaching irregular words : What we know, what we don't know, and where we can go from here
Colenbrander, Danielle, Wang, Hua-Chen, Arrow, Tara and Castles, Anne. (2020). Teaching irregular words : What we know, what we don't know, and where we can go from here. The Educational and Developmental Psychologist. 37(2), pp. 97-104. https://doi.org/10.1017/edp.2020.11
Tracking the evolution of orthographic expectancies over building visual experience.
Wegener, Signy, Wang, Hua-Chen, Nation, Kate and Castles, Anne. (2020). Tracking the evolution of orthographic expectancies over building visual experience. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 199, p. Article 104912. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2020.104912
Children reading spoken words : Interactions between vocabulary and orthographic expectancy
Wegener, Signy, Wang, Hua-Chen, de Lissa, Peter, Robidoux, Serje, Nation, Kate and Castles, Anne. (2018). Children reading spoken words : Interactions between vocabulary and orthographic expectancy. Developmental Science. 21(3), p. Article e12577. https://doi.org/10.1111/desc.12577
Phonics training for English-speaking poor readers (Review)
McArthur, Genevieve, Eve, Phillipa, Jones, Kristy, Banales, Erin, Kohnen, Saskia, Anandakumar, Thushara, Larsen, Linda, Marinus, Eva, Wang, Hua-Chen and Castles, Anne. (2018). Phonics training for English-speaking poor readers (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2018(11), p. Article CD009115. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD009115.pub3
Variations within a subtype : Developmental surface dyslexias in English
Kohnen, Saskia, Nickels, Lyndsey, Geigis, Leonie, Coltheart, Max, McArthur, Genevieve and Castles, Anne. (2018). Variations within a subtype : Developmental surface dyslexias in English. Cortex. 106, pp. 151-163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2018.04.008
Helping children with reading difficulties : Some things we have learned so far
McArthur, Genevieve and Castles, Anne. (2017). Helping children with reading difficulties : Some things we have learned so far. npj Science of Learning. 2(1), p. Article 7. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41539-017-0008-3
Low self-concept in poor readers : Prevalence, heterogeneity, and risk
McArthur, Genevieve, Castles, Anne, Kohnen, Saskia and Banales, Erin. (2016). Low self-concept in poor readers : Prevalence, heterogeneity, and risk. PeerJ. 2016(11), p. Article e2669. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.2669