Contradictions between community-oriented police training and paramilitary police training : Implications for police recruit mental health response training

Journal article


Morgan, Matthew M.. (2022). Contradictions between community-oriented police training and paramilitary police training : Implications for police recruit mental health response training. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology. 37(4), pp. 876-891. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11896-022-09537-3
AuthorsMorgan, Matthew M.
Abstract

The increasingly professionalised role of the police requires police organisations to transition away from paramilitary policing models and embrace community-oriented policing practices. One important aspect of the community-oriented policing model is the development of effective communication skills for when police interact with vulnerable persons such as persons with mental illness (PWMI) in crisis. Given the development of community-oriented police skills begins at the academy, the form and content of academy mental health response training (MHRT) as well as the training methods facilitators use to impart the MHRT, is important. Yet police officers are often criticised for not receiving adequate MHRT, especially when police respond to PWMI in crisis using tactics that are considered procedurally unfair and unjust. Applying procedural justice as a lens, this research explores the MHRT of one Australian state police academy to determine the effectiveness of the MHRT in preparing recruits for utilising procedurally just tactics for future interactions with PWMI in crisis. By conducting nonparticipant observation with police recruits, this research determines that recruits receive cursory MHRT at the academy that is lacking in content, duration, and pedagogical innovation. It is argued that the lack of MHRT is further compounded by the abundance of paramilitary training practices and culture at the academy, which further undermines the appropriate development of community-oriented and procedurally just police officers.

Keywordspolicing; police training; procedural justice; mental illness
Year2022
JournalJournal of Police and Criminal Psychology
Journal citation37 (4), pp. 876-891
PublisherSpringer
ISSN0882-0783
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s11896-022-09537-3
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85134482617
Page range876-891
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online16 Jul 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted05 Jul 2022
Deposited18 Oct 2023
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https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/8zw51/contradictions-between-community-oriented-police-training-and-paramilitary-police-training-implications-for-police-recruit-mental-health-response-training

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