Filling the gaps : The expansion of international humanitarian law and the juridification of the free-fighter

Journal article


Alexander, Amanda. (2023). Filling the gaps : The expansion of international humanitarian law and the juridification of the free-fighter. Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies. pp. 1-30. https://doi.org/10.1163/18781527-BJA10075
AuthorsAlexander, Amanda
Abstract

This article traces the expansion of international law from the Hague Conventions, where only a state’s soldiers had legal status, to the contemporary understanding that international law governs all participants in conflict. This can be seen as a humanitarian shift that diminishes state power. This article, however, argues that the Hague Conventions only established a limited sphere of formal law because delegates deliberately left free-fighters outside the law, to be governed by their own will and moral code. In doing so, delegates echoed a philosophical tradition that situates true freedom outside the state. As this article shows, the expansion of law to include such fighters required the replacement of such alternative codes with a renewed and extended range of formal legal criteria. As such, the expansion of international law to the realm outside the state has led to a reaffirmation of that law which is synonymous with the state.

Keywordsinternational humanitarian law; juridification; irregular combatants; history of international law
Year2023
JournalJournal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies
Journal citationpp. 1-30
PublisherKoninklijke Brill NV
ISSN1878-1527
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1163/18781527-BJA10075
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85165136589
Page range1-30
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online16 Jun 2023
Publication process dates
Deposited05 Nov 2023
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