Alcohol consumption after pregnancy awareness and the additive effect of pregnancy-related anxiety and child abuse

Journal article


Brunton, Robyn and Dryer, Rachel. (2023). Alcohol consumption after pregnancy awareness and the additive effect of pregnancy-related anxiety and child abuse. Current Psychology. pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-023-04387-6
AuthorsBrunton, Robyn and Dryer, Rachel
Abstract

This study examined whether pregnant women alter their alcohol consumption upon pregnancy awareness and any additive effect of a maternal history of child abuse and pregnancy-related anxiety in predicting antenatal alcohol consumption. Pregnant women (N = 548, M = 31.44, SD = 4.58) completed an online survey consisting of the Pregnancy-related Anxiety Scale, Adverse Childhood Experience Questionnaire, questions on alcohol consumption and demographics. The Wilcoxon test examined difference scores between pre-pregnancy awareness and post-awareness drinking. More women reduced or ceased drinking after pregnancy awareness (M = 0.15, SD = 1.03) than before pregnancy recognition (M = 3.12, SD = 3.91). Only two women increased their alcohol consumption, with 140 reporting no change. In the hierarchical regression analysis, child abuse was not significant in the model, whereas pregnancy-related anxiety predicted alcohol consumption, with pre-pregnancy drinking the strongest predictor. There was no significant interaction effect between pregnancy-related anxiety and child abuse. While limited by a cross-sectional design and single questions to assess alcohol intake, our findings are consistent with extant literature. Findings related to child abuse were not significant, and likely due to low prevalence in the sample, Despite this, we further established that pregnancy-related anxiety remains a significant predictor of antenatal drinking regardless of how much alcohol a woman may consume pre-pregnancy. This relationship may be explained by drinking used to cope with pregnancy-related anxieties. While current guidelines recommend alcohol screening, many women may not accurately report their alcohol intake screening for pregnancy-related anxiety may provide an avenue to identify women more at risk of drinking during pregnancy.

Keywordspregnancy-related anxiety; pregnancy; alcohol consumption; prenatal development; child abuse
Year2023
JournalCurrent Psychology
Journal citationpp. 1-9
PublisherSpringer
ISSN1046-1310
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-023-04387-6
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85149066123
Web address (URL)https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12144-023-04387-6
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range1-9
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online01 Mar 2023
Publication process dates
Accepted07 Feb 2023
Deposited16 Nov 2023
Additional information

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

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