Teaching irregular words : What we know, what we don't know, and where we can go from here

Journal article


Colenbrander, Danielle, Wang, Hua-Chen, Arrow, Tara and Castles, Anne. (2020). Teaching irregular words : What we know, what we don't know, and where we can go from here. The Educational and Developmental Psychologist. 37(2), pp. 97-104. https://doi.org/10.1017/edp.2020.11
AuthorsColenbrander, Danielle, Wang, Hua-Chen, Arrow, Tara and Castles, Anne
Abstract

Instruction in regular letter-sound relationships is a key element of teaching children to read. However, in the English language, many words have irregular spellings (e.g. said, are, yacht). What is the best way to help children learn to read these words? To date, a number of different viewpoints have been put forward, but these viewpoints are seldom directly compared, and there is very little empirical evidence to adjudicate between them. Therefore, in this review, we outline the theoretical arguments for and against different methods of instruction, and synthesise the empirical research that does exist. We make recommendations for practice, and outline key areas where further evidence is required.

Keywordsirregular words; reading instruction; reading; primary school
Year2020
JournalThe Educational and Developmental Psychologist
Journal citation37 (2), pp. 97-104
PublisherCambridge University Press
ISSN2059-0776
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1017/edp.2020.11
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85086858355
Page range97-104
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online04 Jun 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted22 Apr 2020
Deposited29 Nov 2023
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/8zzyw/teaching-irregular-words-what-we-know-what-we-don-t-know-and-where-we-can-go-from-here

Restricted files

Publisher's version

  • 27
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 2
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

The effect of spacing versus massing on orthographic learning
Wegener, Signy, Wang, Hua-Chen, Beyersmann, Elisabeth, Reichle, Erik D., Nation, Kate and Castles, Anne. (2023). The effect of spacing versus massing on orthographic learning. Reading Research Quarterly. 58(3), pp. 361-372. https://doi.org/10.1002/rrq.492
Eye movements during reading
Wegener, Signy, Yu, Lili, Reichle, Erik D., Beyersmann, Elisabeth, Parrila, Rauno and Castles, Anne. (2023). Eye movements during reading. Frontiers for Young Minds. 11, p. Article 769381. https://doi.org/10.3389/frym.2023.769381
Orthographic expectancies in the absence of contextual support
Wegener, Signy, Wang, Hua-Chen, Beyersmann, Elisabeth, Nation, Kate, Colenbrander, Danielle and Castles, Anne. (2023). Orthographic expectancies in the absence of contextual support. Scientific Studies of Reading. 27(2), pp. 187-197. https://doi.org/10.1080/10888438.2022.2127356
The effect of oral vocabulary training on reading novel complex words
Beyersmann, Elisabeth, Wegener, Signy, Pescuma, Valentina N., Nation, Kate, Colenbrander, Danielle and Castles, Anne. (2023). The effect of oral vocabulary training on reading novel complex words. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 76(6), pp. 1321-1332. https://doi.org/10.1177/17470218221113949
Word reading: The role of the speech-language pathologist
Colenbrander, Danielle and Kohnen, Saskia. (2023). Word reading: The role of the speech-language pathologist. Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups. pp. 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1044/2023_PERSP-23-00054
Acquisition of orthographic forms via complex spoken word training
Beyersmann, Elisabeth, Wegener, Signy, Spencer, Jasmine and Castles, Anne. (2023). Acquisition of orthographic forms via complex spoken word training. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review. 30, pp. 739-750. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-022-02185-y
Maximising access to reading intervention : Comparing small group and one-to-one protocols of Reading Rescue
Miles, Katharine Pace, McFadden, Karen E., Colenbrander, Danielle and Ehri, Linnea C.. (2022). Maximising access to reading intervention : Comparing small group and one-to-one protocols of Reading Rescue. Journal of Research in Reading. 45(3), pp. 299-323. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9817.12383
Assessing the effectiveness of structured word inquiry for students in grades 3 and 5 with reading and spelling difficulties : A randomized controlled trial
Colenbrander, Danielle, Parsons, Liam, Bowers, Jeffrey S. and Davis, Colin J.. (2022). Assessing the effectiveness of structured word inquiry for students in grades 3 and 5 with reading and spelling difficulties : A randomized controlled trial. Reading Research Quarterly. 57(1), pp. 307-352. https://doi.org/10.1002/rrq.399
Teaching children to read irregular words : A comparison of three instructional methods
Colenbrander, Danielle, Kohnen, Saskia, Beyersmann, Elisabeth, Robidoux, Serje, Wegener, Signy, Arrow, Tara, Nation, Kate and Castles, Anne. (2022). Teaching children to read irregular words : A comparison of three instructional methods. Scientific Studies of Reading. 26(6), pp. 545-564. https://doi.org/10.1080/10888438.2022.2077653
Oral vocabulary and learning to read new words : A theoretical review
Wegener, Signy, Wang, Hua-Chen, Beyersmann, Elisabeth and Castles, Anne. (2022). Oral vocabulary and learning to read new words : A theoretical review. Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties. 27(2), pp. 253-278. https://doi.org/10.1080/19404158.2022.2097717
The effects of spacing and massing on children's orthographic learning
Wegener, Signy, Wang, Hua-Chen, Beyersmann, Elisabeth, Nation, Kate, Colenbrander, Danielle and Castles, Anne. (2022). The effects of spacing and massing on children's orthographic learning. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 214, p. Article 105309. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2021.105309
Children processing novel irregular and regular words during reading : An eye tracking study
Murray, Lyndall, Wegener, Signy, Wang, Hua-Chen, Parrila, Rauno and Castles, Anne. (2022). Children processing novel irregular and regular words during reading : An eye tracking study. Scientific Studies of Reading. 26(5), pp. 417-431. https://doi.org/10.1080/10888438.2022.2030744
Cognitive precursors of reading : A cross-linguistic perspective
Landerl, Karin, Castles, Anne and Parrila, Rauno. (2022). Cognitive precursors of reading : A cross-linguistic perspective. Scientific Studies of Reading. 26(2), pp. 111-124. https://doi.org/10.1080/10888438.2021.1983820
Tracking the relations between children’s reading and emotional health across time : Evidence from four large longitudinal studies
McArthur, Genevieve, Badcock, Nicholas, Castles, Anne and Robidoux, Serje. (2022). Tracking the relations between children’s reading and emotional health across time : Evidence from four large longitudinal studies. Reading Research Quarterly. 57(2), pp. 555-585. https://doi.org/10.1002/rrq.426
Learning morphologically complex spoken words : Orthographic expectations of embedded stems are formed prior to print exposure
Beyersmann, Elisabeth, Wegener, Signy, Nation, Kate, Prokupzcuk, Ayako, Wang, Hua-Chen and Castles, Anne. (2021). Learning morphologically complex spoken words : Orthographic expectations of embedded stems are formed prior to print exposure. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Learning, Memory and Cognition. 47(1), pp. 87-98. https://doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000808
Tracking the evolution of orthographic expectancies over building visual experience.
Wegener, Signy, Wang, Hua-Chen, Nation, Kate and Castles, Anne. (2020). Tracking the evolution of orthographic expectancies over building visual experience. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 199, p. Article 104912. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2020.104912
Oral vocabulary and reading comprehension : What intervention studies have taught us
Colenbrander, Danielle. (2020). Oral vocabulary and reading comprehension : What intervention studies have taught us. Journal of Clinical Practice in Speech-Language Pathology. 22(1), pp. 10-14.
To see or not to see : How does seeing spellings support vocabulary learning?
Colenbrander, Danielle, Miles, Katharine Pace and Ricketts, Jessie. (2019). To see or not to see : How does seeing spellings support vocabulary learning? Language, Speech and Hearing Services in Schools. 50(4), pp. 609-628. https://doi.org/10.1044/2019_LSHSS-VOIA-18-0135
Early identification of dyslexia : Understanding the issues
Colenbrander, Danielle, Ricketts, Jessie and Breadmore, Helen L.. (2018). Early identification of dyslexia : Understanding the issues. Language, Speech and Hearing Services in Schools. 49(4), pp. 817-828. https://doi.org/10.1044/2018_LSHSS-DYSLC-18-0007
Children reading spoken words : Interactions between vocabulary and orthographic expectancy
Wegener, Signy, Wang, Hua-Chen, de Lissa, Peter, Robidoux, Serje, Nation, Kate and Castles, Anne. (2018). Children reading spoken words : Interactions between vocabulary and orthographic expectancy. Developmental Science. 21(3), p. Article e12577. https://doi.org/10.1111/desc.12577
Phonics training for English-speaking poor readers (Review)
McArthur, Genevieve, Eve, Phillipa, Jones, Kristy, Banales, Erin, Kohnen, Saskia, Anandakumar, Thushara, Larsen, Linda, Marinus, Eva, Wang, Hua-Chen and Castles, Anne. (2018). Phonics training for English-speaking poor readers (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2018(11), p. Article CD009115. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD009115.pub3
Variations within a subtype : Developmental surface dyslexias in English
Kohnen, Saskia, Nickels, Lyndsey, Geigis, Leonie, Coltheart, Max, McArthur, Genevieve and Castles, Anne. (2018). Variations within a subtype : Developmental surface dyslexias in English. Cortex. 106, pp. 151-163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2018.04.008
Similar but different : Differences in comprehension diagnosis on the Neale Analysis of Reading Ability and the York Assessment of Reading for Comprehension
Colenbrander, Danielle, Nickels, Lyndsey and Kohnen, Saskia. (2017). Similar but different : Differences in comprehension diagnosis on the Neale Analysis of Reading Ability and the York Assessment of Reading for Comprehension. Journal of Research in Reading. 40(4), pp. 403-419. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9817.12075
Helping children with reading difficulties : Some things we have learned so far
McArthur, Genevieve and Castles, Anne. (2017). Helping children with reading difficulties : Some things we have learned so far. npj Science of Learning. 2(1), p. Article 7. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41539-017-0008-3
Individual differences in the vocabulary skills of children with poor reading comprehension
Colenbrander, Danielle, Kohnen, Saskia, Smith-Lock, Karen and Nickels, Lyndsey. (2016). Individual differences in the vocabulary skills of children with poor reading comprehension. Learning and Individual Differences. 50, pp. 210-220. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2016.07.021
Low self-concept in poor readers : Prevalence, heterogeneity, and risk
McArthur, Genevieve, Castles, Anne, Kohnen, Saskia and Banales, Erin. (2016). Low self-concept in poor readers : Prevalence, heterogeneity, and risk. PeerJ. 2016(11), p. Article e2669. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.2669
Assessment of lexical and non-lexical spelling in students in Grades 1–7
Kohnen, Saskia Regina, Colenbrander, Danielle, Krajenbrink, Trudy and Nickels, Lyndsey. (2015). Assessment of lexical and non-lexical spelling in students in Grades 1–7. Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties. 20(1), pp. 15-38. https://doi.org/10.1080/19404158.2015.1023209
Nonword reading tests : A review of the available resources
Colenbrander, Danielle, Nickels, Lyndsey and Kohnen, Saskia Regina. (2011). Nonword reading tests : A review of the available resources. Australasian Journal of Special Education. 35(2), pp. 137-172. https://doi.org/10.1375/ajse.35.2.137