Effects of personal and task constraints on limb coordination during walking : A systematic review and meta-analysis

Journal article


Shafizadeh, Mohsen, Crowther, Robert, Wheat, Jonathan and Davids, Keith. (2019). Effects of personal and task constraints on limb coordination during walking : A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Biomechanics. 61, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2018.10.024
AuthorsShafizadeh, Mohsen, Crowther, Robert, Wheat, Jonathan and Davids, Keith
Abstract

Background
In human behaviour, emergence of movement patterns is shaped by different, interacting constraints and consequently, individuals with motor disorders usually display distinctive lower limb coordination modes.

Objectives
To review existing evidence on the effects of motor disorders and different task constraints on emergent coordination patterns during walking, and to examine the clinical significance of task constraints on gait coordination in people with motor disorders.

Methods
The search included CINHAL Plus, MEDLINE, HSNAE, SPORTDiscus, Scopus, Pubmed and AMED. We included studies that compared intra-limb and inter-limb coordination during gait between individuals with a motor disorder and able-bodied individuals, and under different task constraints. Two reviewers independently examined the quality of studies by using the Newcastle Ottawa Scale-cohort study.

Findings
From the search results, we identified 1416 articles that studied gait patterns and further analysis resulted in 33 articles for systematic review and 18 articles for meta-analysis-1, and 10 articles for meta-analysis-2. In total, the gait patterns of 539 patients and 358 able-bodied participants were analysed in the sampled studies. Results of the meta-analysis for group comparisons revealed a low effect size for group differences (ES = −0.24), and a moderate effect size for task interventions (ES = −0.53), on limb coordination during gait.

Interpretation
Findings demonstrated that motor disorders can be considered as an individual constraint, significantly altering gait patterns. These findings suggest that gait should be interpreted as functional adaptation to changing personal constraints, rather than as an abnormality. Results imply that designing gait interventions, through modifying locomotion tasks, can facilitate the emergent re-organisation of inter-limb coordination patterns during rehabilitation.

Keywordsemergence; constraints; functional adaptations; motor disorder; gait; coordination patterns; meta-analysis
Year2019
JournalClinical Biomechanics
Journal citation61, pp. 1-10
PublisherElsevier Ltd
ISSN0268-0033
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2018.10.024
PubMed ID30415107
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85056181823
Open accessPublished as green open access
Page range1-10
Author's accepted manuscript
License
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Open
Publisher's version
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All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online03 Nov 2018
Publication process dates
Accepted30 Oct 2018
Deposited29 Nov 2023
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