Rereading the Hudaybiyya Treaty : With special reference to Ibn ʿUmar’s role in fitan †

Journal article


Farman, Mursal and Yucel, Salih. (2023). Rereading the Hudaybiyya Treaty : With special reference to Ibn ʿUmar’s role in fitan †. Religions. 14(5), p. Article 666. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel14050666
AuthorsFarman, Mursal and Yucel, Salih
Abstract

The Treaty of Ḥudaybiyya is a brilliant chapter in Islamic history. It can be called umm muʿāhadāt al-salām (the mother of peace treaties) in Islamic history. Just as migration to Medina is a dividing line between the periods of religious oppression and political independence for Muslims, Ḥudaybiyya is a boundary between the phases of struggle and domination. The role of this treaty in the spread of Islam was evident from the beginning, and much has been written about it. However, nothing has been produced about the role of ʿAbd Allah b. ʿUmar, inspired by the Ḥudaybiyya treaty, in peacemaking. This paper argues that due to his circumstances, Ibn ʿUmar became the first person to discover the spirit of the Ḥudaybiyya treaty for procuring peace during the fitan (civil wars). His efforts were not limited to intellectual achievements, but amid the worst wars of the fitan, he tried to practically implement the soul of the Ḥudaybiyya agreement that impacted later generations. He believed that Islam could flourish in a peaceful society, as had happened after the Ḥudaybiyya treaty. The role he played in a tribal society without holding any official position makes Ibn ʿUmar’s leadership highly relevant to today’s world, where intellectual and spiritual leaders can play a role more pivotal than ever.

KeywordsProphet Muhammad; Ibn ʿUmar; Ḥudaybiyya; peace; fitan; companions; Islamic history; Umayyads
Year2023
JournalReligions
Journal citation14 (5), p. Article 666
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI AG)
ISSN2077-1444
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/rel14050666
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85160263268
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
Page range1-13
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online17 May 2023
Publication process dates
Accepted10 May 2023
Deposited20 Dec 2023
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