Citizen-driven humanitarianism and the Bangladesh liberation war : Australian aid during the 1971 refugee crisis

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Stevens, Rachel. (2024). Citizen-driven humanitarianism and the Bangladesh liberation war : Australian aid during the 1971 refugee crisis Bloomsbury Academic. https://doi.org/10.5040/9781350384743
AuthorsStevens, Rachel
Abstract

This open access book presents an international history of humanitarianism during the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. Examining the motivations, actions and competing interests of multiple humanitarian actors such as the Red Cross, Oxfam, grassroots NGOs and individuals, it analyses the impact of humanitarianism for refugees in the camps. With western governments indifferent or slow to respond to India's pleas to assistance, Stevens shows how international aid to Bangladeshi refugees during the 1971 crisis was citizen-driven. Focusing on the actions of individuals and NGOs in Australia, Stevens shows how they rallied community support, fundraised at record levels and effectively lobbied the Australian government to increase aid and recognise Bangladesh's independence. Using archival materials from Australia, the UK, Switzerland and the US, Citizen-driven Humanitarianism and the Bangladeshi Liberation War provides an account of how civil society was galvanized, even radicalized, in their pursuit to remedy systemic problems such as ethnic persecution, militarism and poverty. Documenting the myriad forces at play during the refugee crisis of 1971, it shows how broader social and cultural developments coalesced to create the citizen-driven humanitarianism of the late 20th century.

KeywordsHistory ; Political history ; Twentieth-century history
ISBN978-1-3503-8474-3
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.5040/9781350384743
Web address (URL)https://www.bloomsburycollections.com/monograph?docid=b-9781350384743
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range1
248
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online18 Dec 2023
Publication process dates
Deposited18 Apr 2024
Additional information

This work is published open access subject to a Creative Commons AttributionNonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, https://creative
commons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). You may re-use, distribute, and reproduce this work
in any medium for non-commercial purposes, provided you give attribution to the copyright
holder and the publisher and provide a link to the Creative Commons licence.

Year01 Jan 2024
PublisherBloomsbury Academic
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
Edition1
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