Young Singaporean women’s knowledge of cervical cancer and pap smear screening : A descriptive study

Journal article


Seah, Juanna, Klainin-Yobas, Piyanee and Mackey, Sandra. (2013). Young Singaporean women’s knowledge of cervical cancer and pap smear screening : A descriptive study. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 22(23-24), pp. 3310-3319. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.12420
AuthorsSeah, Juanna, Klainin-Yobas, Piyanee and Mackey, Sandra
Abstract

Aims and objectives:
To assess the knowledge of young female Singaporeans regarding cervical cancer and pap smear, the intention to participate in pap smear and whether there is any relationship between knowledge and intention to participate in pap smear screening.

Background: While cervical cancer has poor prognosis in the later stages, pap smear is effective in identifying precancerous lesions, which are more treatable. Pap smear screening is available to women in Singapore, but its uptake is opportunistic. Research has shown that knowledge about pap smear and cervical cancer is important determinant of screening behaviour in Singaporean women.

Design: Cross-sectional descriptive correlational design was used.

Methods: Three hundred and ninety-three young Singaporean undergraduates, aged 18–25 years, were recruited via convenience sampling from a local university over a four-month period. Data were collected through self-administered questionnaires.

Results: Majority of the participants knew the term ‘pap smear’ and its function. However, knowledge of the risk factors for cervical cancer was lacking among the young women. Knowledge of pap smear and cervical cancer had a weak correlation with the intention to go for the future uptake of pap smear.

Conclusions: Educational efforts among younger Singaporean women on the knowledge of pap smear and risk factors for cervical cancer are needed. Improving knowledge will enable them to understand the importance of reducing exposure to risk factors and regular pap smear screening.

Relevance to clinical practice: All health professionals working with young Asian women should be prepared to educate and counsel young women to participate in pap smear screening according to current guidelines. In particular, knowledge of the age to attend the first pap smear and the recommended frequency for screening need to be targeted for health education.

Keywordscervical screening; knowledge; pap smear; Singapore; survey
Year01 Jan 2013
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Journal citation22 (23-24), pp. 3310-3319
PublisherWiley-Liss, Div John Wiley & Sons Inc
ISSN1365-2702
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.12420
Web address (URL)https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jocn.12420
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range3310-3319
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Print08 Nov 2013
Publication process dates
Accepted14 May 2013
Deposited23 Apr 2024
Additional information

© 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
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