Exploring the alignment between paramedicine's professional capabilities and competency frameworks for current and evolving scopes of practice : a literature review

Journal article


Weber, Anthony, Devenish, Anthony and Lam, Louisa Lok Yi. (2024). Exploring the alignment between paramedicine's professional capabilities and competency frameworks for current and evolving scopes of practice : a literature review. BMC Medical Education. 24(1), pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-023-04992-w
AuthorsWeber, Anthony, Devenish, Anthony and Lam, Louisa Lok Yi
Abstract

Background To adequately prepare graduates for the dynamic demands of paramedic practice, adopting a contemporary educational approach is essential. This involves collaborating to identify crucial competencies through input from industry stakeholders, experienced practitioners, and discipline-specific experts. Accreditation assumes a central role within this framework, serving as a cornerstone to ensure that paramedicine curricula align with paramedics’ diverse and evolving professional roles.

Methods A narrative review of the literature and a directed search of grey literature were performed to identify specific developments in paramedicine competencies and scope of practice and mapped to the professional capabilities published by the Paramedicine Board of Australia. In determining a competency map and accreditation’s role in a competency framework specific to current and evolving paramedic practice, key documents were analysed using a qualitative approach based on content analysis to identify common traits among documents, countries and other professions.

Results The review process identified 278 themes that were further allocated to 22 major analytical groupings. These groupings could further be mapped to previously reported cognitive, technical, integrative, context, relationship, affective/moral competencies and habits of mind. At the same time, the highest-rated groupings were key competencies of intellectual skills, safety, accountability, clinical decision-making, professionalism, communications, team based approach and situational awareness. Two groups were represented in the literature but not in the professional capabilities, namely Health and Social continuum and self-directed practice.

Conclusions This review highlights the importance of measuring and validating the professional capabilities of Paramedicine Practitioners. The study explores various metrics and competency frameworks used to assess competency, comparing them against national accreditation schemes’ professional capability standards. The findings suggest that accreditation frameworks play a crucial role in improving the quality of paramedicine practice, encompassing intellectual skills, safety, accountability, clinical decision-making, professionalism, communication, teamwork, and situational awareness.

Keywordsparamedicine; competencies; competency frameworks; professional capabilities; accreditation; evolving scopes of practice
Year01 Jan 2024
JournalBMC Medical Education
Journal citation24 (1), pp. 1-11
PublisherBioMed Central Ltd.
ISSN1472-6920
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-023-04992-w
Web address (URL)https://bmcmededuc.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12909-023-04992-w
Open accessOpen access
Research or scholarlyResearch
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Online05 Jan 2024
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Deposited23 May 2024
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© The Author(s) 2024.

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
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