Associations between dietary intakes of first-time fathers and their 20-month-old children are moderated by fathers' BMI, education and age

Journal article


Walsh, Adam, Cameron, Adrian, Hesketh, Kylie, Crawford, David and Campbell, Karen. (2015). Associations between dietary intakes of first-time fathers and their 20-month-old children are moderated by fathers' BMI, education and age. British Journal of Nutrition. 114(6), pp. 988-994. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114515002755
AuthorsWalsh, Adam, Cameron, Adrian, Hesketh, Kylie, Crawford, David and Campbell, Karen
Abstract

Children’s learning about food is considerable during their formative years, with parental influence being pivotal. Research has focused predominantly on maternal influences, with little known about the relationships between fathers’ and children’s diets. Greater understanding of this relationship is necessary for the design of appropriate interventions. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between the diets of fathers and their children and the moderating effects of fathers’ BMI, education and age on these associations. The diets of fathers and their first-born children (n 317) in the Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT) Program were assessed using an FFQ and 3 × 24-h recalls, respectively. The InFANT Program is a cluster-randomised controlled trial in the setting of first-time parents groups in Victoria, Australia. Associations between father and child fruit, vegetable, non-core food and non-core drink intakes were assessed using linear regression. The extent to which these associations were mediated by maternal intake was tested. Moderation of associations by paternal BMI, education and age was assessed. Positive associations were found between fathers’ and children’s intake of fruit, sweet snacks and take-away foods. Paternal BMI, education and age moderated the relationships found for the intakes of fruit (BMI), vegetables (age), savoury snacks (BMI and education) and take-away foods (BMI and education). Our findings suggest that associations exist at a young age and are moderated by paternal BMI, education and age. This study highlights the importance of fathers in modelling healthy diets for their children.

Keywordsfathers; diets; young children; moderation effects
Year01 Jan 2015
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Journal citation114 (6), pp. 988-994
PublisherCambridge University Press
ISSN0007-1145
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114515002755
Web address (URL)https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition/article/associations-between-dietary-intakes-of-firsttime-fathers-and-their-20monthold-children-are-moderated-by-fathers-bmi-education-and-age/7ED55C0E3694AC91C8A659926D65464A
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range988-994
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All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online18 Aug 2015
Publication process dates
Accepted25 Jun 2015
Deposited06 Jun 2024
Supplemental file
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All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Additional information

© The Authors 2015

This study was funded by an Australian National Health and Medical Research Council Project (grant no. 425801).

Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
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