Innovative Virtual Reality (VR) Application for Preventing of Falls among Chinese Older Adults : A Usability and Acceptance Exploratory Study

Journal article


Ip, Wing Keung, Soar, Jeffrey, James, Christina, Wang, Szu-yao and Fong, Kenneth N. K.. (2024). Innovative Virtual Reality (VR) Application for Preventing of Falls among Chinese Older Adults : A Usability and Acceptance Exploratory Study. Human Behavior and Emerging Technologies. 2024, pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1155/2024/5556767
AuthorsIp, Wing Keung, Soar, Jeffrey, James, Christina, Wang, Szu-yao and Fong, Kenneth N. K.
Abstract

Objective: Full immersive virtual reality (VR) technology shows potential for reducing the risks of falls in older adults. There is yet little evidence to support the usability and acceptance on using VR technology application in community aged care service. The study reports on research that aims to address that gap by evaluating the usefulness and acceptance of using an innovative VR application among Chinese older adults from Hong Kong.

Methods: A single-arm exploratory study was conducted to evaluate how the participants experienced the use of a fully immersive cave automatic virtual environment (CAVE) VR program on fall prevention. Thirty-one participants were recruited by convenience sampling based on their fall concerns and potential risk of falls. The participants completed 16 training sessions over eight weeks using the VR CAVE application. They were asked to complete a VR usability questionnaire (HK-version) based on the Technology Acceptance Model and previous research, and they took fall risk assessments at the pretest, posttest, and follow-up.

Results: The participants’ group significantly showed improvements in reducing the risk factors of falls including balance, functional mobility, walking speed, and fear of falling after VR intervention. Perceived usefulness (PU), perceived enjoyment (PE), user experience (UE), and intention to use (IU) had an overall significant change at different time points. These are important factors to influence the participants’ acceptance of the use of VR technology applications. Perceived ease of use (PEOU) and social norms (SNs) had an inconsistent result, and some items had low validity. The findings indicated a positive training effect on fall prevention and high acceptance of the adoption of the VR technology application.

Conclusion: This study supports the growing evidence on the usefulness and acceptance of using full immersive VR training on fall prevention among Chinese older adults. They perceived that the VR CAVE application was useful and innovative as an effective fall prevention training. Technically, the application of VR CAVE technology faces many challenges and is not easily manageable under COVID-19 restrictions and the limitation on technological adaptation for older adults. However, investment in full immersive VR technology application is supported for future adoption in aged care and rehabilitation services.

Keywordsvirtual reality; VR; cave automatic virtual environment; CAVE; China; Older Adults
Year01 Jan 2024
JournalHuman Behavior and Emerging Technologies
Journal citation2024, pp. 1-11
PublisherHindawi
ISSN2578-1863
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1155/2024/5556767
Web address (URL)https://www.hindawi.com/journals/hbet/2024/5556767/
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range1-11
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online19 Apr 2024
Publication process dates
Accepted06 Mar 2024
Deposited20 May 2024
Additional information

Copyright © 2024 Wing Keung Ip et al.

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Supplementary files, including the additional files containing the VR training program (comprising 4 fully immersive VR games) and 3 video clips for VR demonstration, as well as the VR usability questionnaire file (Hong Kong version), which is focused on evaluating the acceptance of virtual reality (VR) experiences among older adults (see Appendix 1 in the Supplementary Materials).
https://downloads.hindawi.com/journals/hbet/2024/5556767.f1.zip

Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
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