A profile of the young tennis player at risk of burnout

Conference item

Stynes, J., Adamson, B. and Covic, T.. (2010). A profile of the young tennis player at risk of burnout. 27th International Congress of Applied Psychology. Melbourne Convention and Exhibition Centre, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia 11 - 16 Jul 2010 Melbourne, Victoria: The Australian Psychological Society. pp. 710-710
AuthorsStynes, J., Adamson, B. and Covic, T.

Four empirical studies were conducted to examine the change over time in perfectionism, trait anxiety, motivation, and coping, and the impact these variables have on burnout. This research was guided by Smith’s (1986) Cognitive Affective Model of Athlete Burnout with the aim to identify a profile of the young tennis player at risk of burnout. Young tennis players between the ages of 10 and 17 years were assessed on burnout, perfectionism, trait anxiety, motivation, sources of stress and coping behaviour over 25 months. The tennis players were competing at the school, state and/or national level. Since burnout is considered to be a fluid construct that builds up slowly, the longitudinal analysis allowed for the development of burnout to be measured overtime. Perfectionism, trait anxiety and motivation remained stable over the testing period. The use of ineffective coping strategies (i.e., non-productive) increased and effective coping strategies (i.e., productive) decreased over time. Age and components of perfectionism (i.e., positive perfectionism), coping (i.e., nonproductive), and motivation (i.e., amotivation) were found to be significant predictors of burnout in the young tennis players. Positive perfectionism was identified as a protective factor and non-productive coping, amotivation and age as risk factors for burnout. The results show that the relationship between personality, motivation and coping variables and burnout is multifaceted. The results reported in this research have significant implications in the understanding, prevention and intervention of burnout in young tennis players. Coaches, parents and others working with young tennis players must be mindful of amotivation and the use of non-productive coping strategies particularly during the middle stages of adolescent development. Vigilance and continuous assessment of coping behaviour, motivation and burnout symptoms during the youth sport experience is recommended.

Keywordsperfectionism; trait anxiety; motivation; coping; tennis player burnout
PublisherThe Australian Psychological Society
Open accessOpen access
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Book titleAbstracts of the 27th International Congress of Applied Psychology
Page range710-710
Book editorMrowinski, Vicky
Kyrios, Michael
Voudouris, Nicholas
Web address (URL) of conference proceedingshttps://web.archive.org/web/20110409131529/http://icap2010.eproceedings.com.au/icap2010.pdf
Research GroupSports Performance, Recovery, Injury and New Technologies (SPRINT) Research Centre
Output statusPublished
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Abstract only.

Place of publicationMelbourne, Victoria
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