Protein and healthy aging

Journal article


Paddon-Jones, Douglas, Campbell, Wayne W., Jacques, Paul F., Kritchevsky, Stephen B., Moore, Lynn L., Rodriguez, Nancy R. and van Loon, Luc J.C. 2015. Protein and healthy aging. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 101 (6), pp. 1339 - 1345. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.114.084061
AuthorsPaddon-Jones, Douglas, Campbell, Wayne W., Jacques, Paul F., Kritchevsky, Stephen B., Moore, Lynn L., Rodriguez, Nancy R. and van Loon, Luc J.C.
Abstract

Our understanding of the potential benefits and challenges of optimizing dietary protein intake in older adults continues to evolve. An overarching hypothesis generated during Protein Summit 2.0 was that consuming an adequate amount of high-quality protein at each meal, in combination with physical activity, may delay the onset of sarcopenia, slow its progression, reduce the magnitude of its functional consequences, or all of these. The potential benefits of young and middle-aged adults adopting a diet pattern whereby adequate protein is consumed at each meal as a countermeasure to sarcopenia are presented and discussed. For example, meeting a protein threshold ( ~25-30 g/meal ) represents a promising, yet still largely unexplored dietary strategy to help maintain muscle mass and function. For many older adults, breakfast is a carbohydrate-dominated lower-protein meal and represents an opportunity to improve and more evenly distribute daily protein intake. Although both animal and plant-based proteins can provide the required essential amino acids for health, animal proteins generally have a higher proportion of the amino acid leucine. Leucine plays a key role in stimulating translation initiation and muscle protein anabolism and is the focus of ongoing research. Protein requirements should be assessed in the light of habitual physical activity. An evenly distributed protein diet provides a framework that allows older adults to benefit from the synergistic anabolic effect of protein and physical activity. To fully understand the role of dietary protein intake in healthy aging, greater efforts are needed to coordinate and integrate research design and data acquisition and interpretation from a variety of disciplines. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Keywordsdietary requirements; muscle; nutrition; protein; sarcopenia
Year2015
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Journal citation101 (6), pp. 1339 - 1345
PublisherAmerican Society for Nutrition
ISSN0002-9165
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.114.084061
Scopus EID2-s2.0-84930457306
Page range1339 - 1345
Research GroupMary MacKillop Institute for Health Research
Place of publicationUnited States
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https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/8974q/protein-and-healthy-aging

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