What is the impact of dementia on occupational competence, occupational participation and occupational identity for people who experience onset of symptoms while in paid employment? A scoping review

Journal article


Andrew, Catherine, Phillipson, Lyn and Sheridan, Lynnaire. (2019). What is the impact of dementia on occupational competence, occupational participation and occupational identity for people who experience onset of symptoms while in paid employment? A scoping review. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal. 66(2), pp. 130-144. https://doi.org/10.1111/1440-1630.12535
AuthorsAndrew, Catherine, Phillipson, Lyn and Sheridan, Lynnaire
Abstract

Background/aim
Engagement in meaningful occupation, including paid work is considered an important determinant of health, impacted by injury or illness. Dementia is one neurodegenerative syndrome with potential to compromise capacity for remaining engaged in paid employment. In response to ‘ageing’ populations globally, policy shifts within developed economies are increasing workforce participation for those over 45 years and eligibility ages for retirement pensions. Dementia onset is not limited to ‘older age’, consequently an increased impact of dementia is likely for both older workers and those experiencing younger onset dementia. Therefore, identifying and addressing workforce participation issues confronting people with dementia is becoming increasingly important for occupational therapy practice.

Method
This scoping review draws on peer reviewed literature to explore the impact of dementia on workers across the three domains of occupational engagement: occupational competence; occupational participation; and occupational identity using the Model of Human Occupation (MOHO). International studies published in English including full‐text translations between 2000 and 2017 were identified from an incremental search of electronic databases (Web of Science; Scopus; Proquest; MEDLINE; CINAHL; and Health Business Elite) and hand searched reference lists.

Results
Six relevant papers were identified and retained for analysis, all reporting qualitative studies. Data were collated under the three domains of occupational engagement and further organised into emergent subcategories. While evidence was limited, person‐centred approaches addressing dementia‐related changes in occupational competence; workforce participation choices; and redefinition of occupational identity may mitigate negative experiences associated with transitioning from paid worker roles.

Conclusion
There is a significant need for further research exploring the impact of dementia on engagement in paid work. Occupational therapists have an important part to play in enabling access to person‐centred interventions that promote continued engagement in meaningful occupational roles, including opportunities to extend workforce participation and engage in supported transitions to retirement.

Keywordsdementia; employment; retirement; work performance
Year2019
JournalAustralian Occupational Therapy Journal
Journal citation66 (2), pp. 130-144
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
ISSN0045-0766
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/1440-1630.12535
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85053907250
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range130-144
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online26 Sep 2018
Publication process dates
Accepted22 Aug 2018
Deposited19 May 2021
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https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/8w169/what-is-the-impact-of-dementia-on-occupational-competence-occupational-participation-and-occupational-identity-for-people-who-experience-onset-of-symptoms-while-in-paid-employment-a-scoping-review

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