Response : Issues surrounding effectively maintained inequality and educational transitions
Marks, Gary N.. (2018). Response : Issues surrounding effectively maintained inequality and educational transitions. Social Science Research. 71, pp. 6-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssresearch.2017.08.013
|Authors||Marks, Gary N.|
In my SSR paper, I argue that Lucas's theory of Effectively Maintained Inequality (EMI) provides an inadequate account of school and post-school transitions in Australia (Marks, 2013). It is inadequate for several reasons. First, it focuses almost exclusively on socioeconomic background which has only weak effects on within school transitions and only a moderate impact on the post-school transition. Second, it ignores of the role of cognitive ability which clearly has a stronger impact than socioeconomic background for these transitions. Finally, EMI ignores other factors that are relevant to within-school educational differentiation (subject choice or curriculum placement) most notably student interests. Let's be clear what my paper is not arguing. I do not deny that that there are effects of socioeconomic background on school and post-school transitions. I demonstrate that its impact is not strong as EMI suggests.
Lucas’s (2014) response is that cognitive ability cannot be measured; test scores are not measures of cognitive ability. They are only included in his analyses to provide statistical leverage and they have no theoretical status in EMI. Although EMI is a theory about education transitions, EMI is “silent” on the relative magnitude of factors that affect these transitions.1 The effects of other factors are “irrelevant”. Finally, my evaluation of EMI was “incorrect” since there are correct and incorrect tests of EMI. I must point out that nowhere in his response does Lucas criticize the statistical procedures or measures I use; or argues that the parameter estimates are incorrect.
|Journal||Social Science Research|
|Journal citation||71, pp. 6-10|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssresearch.2017.08.013|
|Research or scholarly||Research|
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|Online||31 Aug 2017|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||05 Jan 2022|
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