To the sentence and beyond : A single case therapy report for mild aphasia

Journal article


Hickin, Julie, Mehta, Beejal and Dipper, Lucy. (2015). To the sentence and beyond : A single case therapy report for mild aphasia. Aphasiology. 29(9), pp. 1038-1061. https://doi.org/10.1080/02687038.2015.1010474
AuthorsHickin, Julie, Mehta, Beejal and Dipper, Lucy
Abstract

Background: Mild aphasia has received limited attention in the research literature, with few published treatment studies despite significant disruption of communication reported by affected individuals. This includes difficulty understanding and producing grammatically complex language, and consequent discourse and/or conversational difficulties. The limited research may be due to a lack of clarity regarding the deficits underlying the disorder, with linguistic and/or cognitive impairments implicated, as well as limited research and treatment resources being targeted at those with more severe deficits.

Aims: This single case study investigated the effectiveness of a multifaceted treatment approach designed to improve the complex sentence and discourse production of a young woman with mild aphasia.

Methods & Procedures: The participant, BM, was a 22-year-old female with mild aphasia following a left-sided embolic cerebro-vascular accident approximately 2 years prior to the study. She participated in 16 sessions of impairment-based treatment on a weekly basis. The study used a multiple baseline design across time and behaviours. Due to the lack of published assessments suitable for mild aphasia, the study included informal outcome measures comprising linguistic analysis of Cinderella narratives, as well as the picture description tasks of the Comprehensive Aphasia Test.

Outcomes & Results: BM’s picture description demonstrated modest improvements in spoken language production immediately post-treatment. Her Cinderella narrative gave further indications of improvements in complex sentence production. Analysis of her functional language output at the end of treatment indicated that improvement was most evident in written narrative production using voice recognition software.

Conclusions: This study provides some preliminary evidence that impairment-based treatment for mild aphasia can improve complex sentence and discourse production. Given the multicomponent nature of treatment, it is not possible to identify what aspects of treatment were (most) effective. However, the study highlights the potential effectiveness of impairment-based treatments for high-level language deficits, and of multimedia technology both as therapy software and in the form of assistive technologies. The development of assessments suitable for mild aphasia and potential future directions for research are discussed.

Keywordsmild aphasia; complex sentences; narrative; treatment; multimedia technology
Year2015
JournalAphasiology
Journal citation29 (9), pp. 1038-1061
PublisherRoutledge
ISSN0268-7038
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/02687038.2015.1010474
Scopus EID2-s2.0-84930752745
Page range1038-1061
FunderCentral Queensland University (CQUniversity)
Collaborative Research Networks (CRN), Australian Government
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online16 Feb 2015
Publication process dates
Accepted19 Jan 2015
Deposited31 Oct 2022
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