COVID-19 Pandemic and Overall Mental Health of Healthcare Professionals Globally: A Meta-Review of Systematic Reviews
Chutiyami, Muhammad, Cheong, Allen, Salihu, Dauda, Bello, Umar Muhammad, Ndwiga, Dorothy, Maharaj, Reshin, Naidoo, Kogi, Kolo, Mustapha Adam, Jacob, Philomina, Chhina, Navjot, Ku, Tan Kan, Devar, Liza, Pratitha, Pratitha and Kannan, Priya. (2022). COVID-19 Pandemic and Overall Mental Health of Healthcare Professionals Globally: A Meta-Review of Systematic Reviews. Frontiers in Psychiatry. 12, pp. 1-18. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2021.804525
|Authors||Chutiyami, Muhammad, Cheong, Allen, Salihu, Dauda, Bello, Umar Muhammad, Ndwiga, Dorothy, Maharaj, Reshin, Naidoo, Kogi, Kolo, Mustapha Adam, Jacob, Philomina, Chhina, Navjot, Ku, Tan Kan, Devar, Liza, Pratitha, Pratitha and Kannan, Priya|
Objective: This meta-review aimed to provide a comprehensive overview of overall mental health of healthcare professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Method: We conducted a comprehensive literature search on Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, and MEDLINE. A predefined eligibility criterion was used to screen the articles. The methodology quality of eligible studies was assessed using Joanna Briggs Institute checklist for systematic reviews. The data were narratively synthesised in line with the meta-review aim.
Result: Forty systematic reviews (represented as K = 40), which reported data from 1,828 primary studies (N) and 3,245,768 participants, met the inclusion criteria. The findings from a pooled prevalence indicate that anxiety (16–41%, K = 30, N = 701), depression (14–37%, K = 28, N = 584), and stress/post-traumatic stress disorder (18.6–56.5%, K = 24, N = 327) were the most prevailing COVID-19 pandemic-related mental health conditions affecting healthcare workers. Other reported concerns included insomnia, burnout, fear, obsessive-compulsive disorder, somatization symptoms, phobia, substance abuse, and suicidal thoughts. Considering regions/countries, the highest anxiety was reported in the United-Kingdom [22.3, 95% Confidence Interval (CI):7–38, N = 4] compared to other countries, while the highest depression was in the Middle-East, (41, 95% CI:16–60, N = 5) and stress in the Eastern Mediterranean region (61.6, 95% CI:56.4–66.8, N = 2) compared to other regions. The most significant risk factors include female gender, younger age, being a nurse, and frontline professional. The most-reported coping strategies include individual/group psychological support, family/relative support, training/orientation, and the adequacy of personal protective equipment.
Conclusion: It was concluded that healthcare professionals (nurses, doctors, allied health) have experienced various mental health issues during COVID-19 pandemic. The meta-review, therefore, recommends targeted interventions and health policies that address specific mental health issues to support health professionals worldwide during the duration of the COVID-19 pandemic and similar future health crises.
|Keywords||COVID-19; coping strategies; health professional; mental health; review–systematic|
|Year||01 Jan 2022|
|Journal||Frontiers in Psychiatry|
|Journal citation||12, pp. 1-18|
|Publisher||Frontiers Media S.A.|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2021.804525|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC8801501|
|Web address (URL)||https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyt.2021.804525/full|
|Open access||Published as ‘gold’ (paid) open access|
|Research or scholarly||Research|
File Access Level
|Online||17 Jan 2022|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||23 Dec 2021|
|Deposited||05 Jan 2023|
Systematic Review Registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?ID=CRD4202126... identifier: CRD42021262001.
© 2022 Chutiyami, Cheong, Salihu, Bello, Ndwiga, Maharaj, Naidoo, Kolo, Jacob, Chhina, Ku, Devar, Pratitha and Kannan. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
|Place of publication||Switzerland|
2views this month
1downloads this month