Examining Ibn ʿUmar's stance during Fitan times and its impact : Re-reading his approaches to peace and conflict

PhD Thesis


Farman, Mursal. (2022). Examining Ibn ʿUmar's stance during Fitan times and its impact : Re-reading his approaches to peace and conflict [PhD Thesis]. Australian Catholic University https://doi.org/10.26199/acu.8y949
AuthorsFarman, Mursal
TypePhD Thesis
Qualification nameDoctor of Philosophy
Abstract

Conflict over the Caliphate after the assassination of the third Caliph, ʿUthmān b. ʿAffān (d. 35/656), has remained a matter of serious concern amongst the Muslim academia and intellectual circles. This conflict resulted in schism among Muslims and caused two series of civil wars. These wars seem to have been a conflict of approaches (theological, socio-political and tribal) towards the Caliphate.

ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿUmar (610 – 73/693), a famous companion of the Prophet, opted for an approach distinct from the prevailing various approaches. Besides his meritorious active role in restoration of peace and harmony, Ibn ʿUmar is a prominent scholar too. His command over the traditional Islamic disciplines (tafsīr, ḥadīth, fiqh, sīrah, tārīkh, etc) is exemplary. His life, traditions, viewpoints, and activities are prominently highlighted in the Islamic literatures.

Despite the mention of Ibn ʿUmar in many sources reporting his peace promoting efforts, however, there is no comprehensive analytical research focusing on his role for the restoration of peace and harmony, its impact upon contemporary people and legacy in post-Ibn ʿUmar period. There seems to be a gap which this study aims to fill through a critical analysis of his views, activities and dealing with fitan through different measures.

This dissertation deals with three aspects of Ibn ʿUmar’s life. First, the positive role that he played during the period of fitan. On the ground of the extensive Islamic literature in Arabic, English and Urdu languages, an attempt has been made to examine the nuances of his approaches to fitan through a chronological study of his life. Second, the impact of Ibn ʿUmar’s role during post-Ibn ʿUmar period. Based on the analysis of the comments on his approaches in fitan and on the comparison of his views with that of Ahl al-Sunnah, an effort has been exerted to measure his influence on later Muslim generations. Third is the leadership model that Ibn ʿUmar offers. On the account of the analysis of his leadership moments specially in fitan times and its comparison with leadership styles, it is aimed to examine his leadership style. Thus, this study argues that with his thoughts and leadership in the times of fitan, Ibn ʿUmar left deep impression on future generations.

Keywordsfitan; Ibn 'Umar; Early Islam civil wars; peace; Islamic history; seerah
Year2022
PublisherAustralian Catholic University
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.26199/acu.8y949
Page range1-249
Final version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Supplementary Files (Layperson Summary)
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online16 Jan 2023
Publication process dates
CompletedJun 2022
Deposited16 Jan 2023
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https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/8y949/examining-ibn-umar-s-stance-during-fitan-times-and-its-impact-re-reading-his-approaches-to-peace-and-conflict

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