Pleasure and addiction

Journal article


Matthews, Stephen, Kennett, Jeanette and Snoek, Anke. (2013) Pleasure and addiction. Frontiers in Psychiatry. 4(117), pp. 1 - 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2013.00117
AuthorsMatthews, Stephen, Kennett, Jeanette and Snoek, Anke
Abstract

What is the role and value of pleasure in addiction? Foddy and Savulescu (<a href="https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyt.2013.00117/full#B...) have claimed that substance use is just pleasure-oriented behavior. They describe addiction as “strong appetites toward pleasure” and argue that addicts suffer in significant part because of strong social and moral disapproval of lives dominated by pleasure seeking. But such lives, they claim, can be autonomous and rational. The view they offer is largely in line with the choice model and opposed to a disease model of addiction. Foddy and Savulescu are sceptical of self-reports that emphasize the ill effects of addiction such as loss of family and possessions, or that claim an absence of pleasure after tolerance sets in. Such reports they think are shaped by social stigma which makes available a limited set of socially approved addiction narratives. We will not question the claim that a life devoted to pleasure can be autonomously chosen. Nor do we question the claim that the social stigma attached to the use of certain drugs increases the harm suffered by the user. However our interviews with addicts (as philosophers rather than health professionals or peers) reveal a genuinely ambivalent and complex relationship between addiction, value, and pleasure. Our subjects did not shy away from discussing pleasure and its role in use. But though they usually valued the pleasurable properties of substances, and this played that did not mean that they valued an addictive life. Our interviews distinguished changing attitudes towards drug related pleasures across the course of substance use, including diminishing pleasure from use over time and increasing resentment at the effects of substance use on other valued activities. In this paper we consider the implications of what drug users say about pleasure and value over the course of addiction for models of addiction.

Year2013
JournalFrontiers in Psychiatry
Journal citation4 (117), pp. 1 - 11
PublisherFrontiers Research Foundation
ISSN1664-0640
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2013.00117
Scopus EID2-s2.0-84885349426
Web address (URL)http://journal.frontiersin.org/Journal/10.3389/fpsyt.2013.00117/full
Page range1 - 11
Research GroupSchool of Philosophy
Place of publicationSwitzerland
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/85y32/pleasure-and-addiction

Restricted files

Publisher's version

  • 3
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

Bio-Technical Challenges to Moral Autonomy
Matthews, Stephen. (2015) Bio-Technical Challenges to Moral Autonomy. In In J.Gallliott, M. Lotz and T. Thatcher (Ed.). Super soldiers: The ethical, legal and social implications Ashgate Publishing Limited.
Music therapy and dementia: Rethinking the debate over advance directives
Matthews, Stephen. (2014) Music therapy and dementia: Rethinking the debate over advance directives. Res Disputandae. 20, pp. 18 - 35.
Neuromarketing: What is it and is it a threat to privacy?
Matthews, Stephen. (2014) Neuromarketing: What is it and is it a threat to privacy? In In N. Levy and J. Clausen (Ed.). Handbook of Neuroethics pp. 1627 - 1646 Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-4707-4_154
Addiction, competence and coercion
Matthews, Stephen. (2014) Addiction, competence and coercion. Journal of Philosophical Research. 39, pp. 199 - 234. https://doi.org/10.5840/jpr20147214
Truth, Lies, and the Narrative Self
Matthews, Stephen and Kennett, Jeanette. (2012) Truth, Lies, and the Narrative Self. American Philosophical Quarterly. 49(4), pp. 301 - 315.
Sailing, flow, and fulfillment
Matthews, Stephen. (2012) Sailing, flow, and fulfillment. In In P Goold (Ed.). Sailing - Philosophy for everyone: catching the drift of why we sail pp. 96 - 108 Wiley-Blackwell.
Lying, narrative, and truth shareability
Matthews, Stephen and Kennett, Jeanette. (2012) Lying, narrative, and truth shareability. AJOB Neuroscience. 3(4), pp. 86 - 87. https://doi.org/10.1080/21507740.2012.721468
Authenticating an online identity
Matthews, Stephen. (2012) Authenticating an online identity. The American Journal of Bioethics. 12(10), pp. 39 - 41. https://doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2012.708089
Attacking Authority
Matthews, Stephen. (2011) Attacking Authority. Australian Journal of Professional and Applied Ethics. 13(2), pp. 59 - 70.
Anonymity and the social self
Matthews, Stephen. (2010) Anonymity and the social self. American Philosophical Quarterly. 47(4), pp. 351 - 363.
Personal identity, the casual condition, and the simple view
Matthews, Stephen. (2010) Personal identity, the casual condition, and the simple view. Philosophical Papers. 39(2), pp. 183 - 208. https://doi.org/10.1080/05568641.2010.503449
Mental time travel, agency, and responsibility
Kennett, Jeanette and Matthews, Stephen Crawford. (2009) Mental time travel, agency, and responsibility. In In M. R. Broome and L.Bortolotti (Ed.). Psychiatry as Cognitive Neuroscience pp. 327 - 349
What's the buzz? Undercover marketing and the corruption of friendship
Kennett, Jeanette and Matthews, Stephen Crawford. (2008) What's the buzz? Undercover marketing and the corruption of friendship. Journal of Applied Philosophy. 25(1), pp. 2 - 18. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5930.2008.00391.x
Identity and information technology
Matthews, Stephen Crawford. (2008) Identity and information technology. In In J. Van Den Hoven and J. Wechert (Ed.). Information Technology and Moral Philosophy pp. 142 - 160 Cambridge University Press.
Privacy, Separation and Control
Matthews, Stephen Crawford. (2008) Privacy, Separation and Control. The Monist.
Normative agency
Kennett, Jeanette and Matthews, Stephen Crawford. (2008) Normative agency. In In K. Atkins and C. Mackenzie (Ed.). Practical Identity and Narrative Agency pp. 212 - 231
Unreal friends
Cocking, Dean and Matthews, Stephen Crawford. (2007) Unreal friends. In In J. Weckert (Ed.). Computer Ethics pp. 103 - 111