Self-stigma and addiction

Book chapter


Matthews, Steve. (2019). Self-stigma and addiction. In In Avery, Jonathan D. and Avery, Joseph J. (Ed.). The stigma of addiction : An essential guide pp. 5-32 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02580-9_2
AuthorsMatthews, Steve
EditorsAvery, Jonathan D. and Avery, Joseph J.
Abstract

Self-stigma in addiction occurs when individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs) experience shame based on mythological stereotypes in public stigma, as well as from their own sense of what they take to be shameful about addiction. This process leads to changes in identity in line with negative stigmatising stereotypes. The main source of the shaming process comes from public stigma where powerful others impose upon the individual with SUDs a social world (an ambience) containing false and distorting attitudes and beliefs that are internalised and lead to harmful effects, including further substance use and self-sabotage. A second source of self-stigma is the private shame that individuals feel based on accurate recognition of their situation. This may generate the motivation to heal but typically only when it occurs in a supportive context where public stigma is absent and acceptance by others is present. With the barrier of public stigma removed, or at least lowered, the individual with SUDs will stop self-stigmatising based on the damaging mythology around addiction and so may be given the support he or she needs for self-compassion, and in particular self-trust, in order to recover.

Keywordsaddiction; stigma; self-stigma; shame; stereotype; human kind; acceptance; self-trust
Page range5-32
Year2019
Book titleThe stigma of addiction : An essential guide
PublisherSpringer Nature Switzerland AG
Place of publicationCham, Switzerland
ISBN9783030025793
9783030025809
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02580-9_2
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online10 Jan 2019
Publication process dates
Deposited27 Sep 2021
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