Bone mineral density in adolescent female athletes: relationship to exercise type and muscle strength

Journal article


Duncan, Craig S., Blimkie, Cameron J., Cowell, Christopher T., Burke, Stephen, Briody, Julie N. and Giles-Howman, Robert 2002. Bone mineral density in adolescent female athletes: relationship to exercise type and muscle strength. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 34 (2), pp. 286 - 294.
AuthorsDuncan, Craig S., Blimkie, Cameron J., Cowell, Christopher T., Burke, Stephen, Briody, Julie N. and Giles-Howman, Robert
Abstract

Purpose: This study investigated the influence of different exercise types and differences in anatomical distribution of mechanical loading patterns on bone mineral density (BMD) in elite female cyclists, runners, swimmers, triathletes, and controls (N = 15 per group). Associations between leg strength and BMD were also examined. <a href="http://journals.lww.com/acsm-msse/Fulltext/2002/02000/Bone_mineral_d...: Areal BMD (g·cm−2) was assessed by duel-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) (total body (TB), lumbar spine (LS), femoral neck (FN), legs, and arms). Right knee flexion and extension strength was measured using a Cybex Norm isokinetic dynamometer at 60°·s−1. <a href="http://journals.lww.com/acsm-msse/Fulltext/2002/02000/Bone_mineral_d...: Runners had significantly higher unadjusted TB, LS, FN, and leg BMD than controls (P < 0.05); higher TB, FN, and leg BMD than swimmers (P < 0.05); and greater leg BMD than cyclists (P < 0.05). Absolute knee extension strength was significantly (P < 0.01) correlated (0.33 ≤ r ≤ 0.44) with TB, FN, LS, and leg BMD for all groups combined. Weaker but still significant correlations (0.28 ≤ r ≤ 0.33) existed for normalized (per leg lean tissue mass) knee extension strength and all BMD sites, except FN BMD. There were no significant correlations between absolute or normalized knee flexion strength and any of the BMD variables. Absolute knee extension strength was entered as the second independent predictor for LS and leg BMD in stepwise multiple linear regression analysis (MLRA), accounting for increments of 4% and 12%, respectively, in total explained variation. Conclusion: We conclude that running, a weight bearing exercise, is associated with larger site-specific BMD than swimming or cycling, that the generalized anatomical distribution of loads in triathlon appears not to significantly enhance total body BMD status, and that knee extension strength is only a weak correlate and independent predictor of BMD in adolescent females.

Year2002
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Journal citation34 (2), pp. 286 - 294
ISSN0195-9131
Scopus EID2-s2.0-0036165221
Web address (URL)http://journals.lww.com/acsm-msse/Fulltext/2002/02000/Bone_mineral_density_in_adolescent_female.17.aspx
Open accessOpen access
Page range286 - 294
Research GroupSports Performance, Recovery, Injury and New Technologies (SPRINT) Research Centre
Publisher's version
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/86871/bone-mineral-density-in-adolescent-female-athletes-relationship-to-exercise-type-and-muscle-strength

  • 0
    total views
  • 10
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 10
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Training and match volume and injury in adolescents playing multiple contact team sports: A prospective cohort study
Hartwig, Timothy B., Gabbett, Tim J., Naughton, Geraldine, Duncan, Craig, Harries, Simon and Perry, Nicholas John 2019. Training and match volume and injury in adolescents playing multiple contact team sports: A prospective cohort study. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 29 (3), pp. 469 - 475. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13343
Monitoring loads and non-contact injury during the transition from club to national team prior to an international football tournament: A case study of the 2014 FIFA world cup and 2015 Asia cup
McCall, Alan, Jones, Mark, Gelis, Les, Duncan, Craig, Ehrmann, Fabian, Dupont, Gregory and Duffield, Rob 2017. Monitoring loads and non-contact injury during the transition from club to national team prior to an international football tournament: A case study of the 2014 FIFA world cup and 2015 Asia cup. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 21 (8), pp. 800 - 804. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2017.12.002
GPS and injury prevention in professional soccer
Ehrmann, Fabian E., Duncan, Craig Scott, Sindhusake, Doungkamol, Franzsen, William Neil, Greene, David Anthony and Sindhusake, Doungkamol 2016. GPS and injury prevention in professional soccer. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 30 (2), pp. 360 - 367. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001093
Validity and reliability of a submaximal intermittent running test in elite Australian football players
Veugelers, Kristopher, Naughton, Geraldine Ann, Duncan, Craig Scott, Burgess, Darren and Graham, Stuart 2016. Validity and reliability of a submaximal intermittent running test in elite Australian football players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 30 (12), pp. 3347 - 3353. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001441
Movement analysis of Australian national league soccer players using global positioning system technology
Wehbe, George M., Hartwig, Timothy B. and Duncan, Craig S. 2014. Movement analysis of Australian national league soccer players using global positioning system technology. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 28 (3), pp. 834 - 842. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182a35dd1
Body mass index for athletes participating in swimming at the World Masters Games
Walsh, Joe, Climstein, Mike, Heazlewood, Ian Timothy, Kettunen, Jyrki, Burke, Stephen, DeBeliso, Mark and Adams, Kent 2013. Body mass index for athletes participating in swimming at the World Masters Games. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness.
Obesity prevalence for athletes participating in soccer at the world masters games
Walsh, Joe, Climstein, Mike, Burke, Stephen, Kettunen, Jyrki, Heazlewood, Ian, DeBeliso, Mark and Ada, Kent 2012. Obesity prevalence for athletes participating in soccer at the world masters games. International SportMed Journal. 13 (2), pp. 76 - 84.
Improved Body Mass Index classification for football code masters athletes, a comparison to the Australian national population
Walsh, Joe, Climstein, Mike, Heazlewood, Tim, Burke, Stephen, Kettunen, Jyrki, Adams, Kent and DeBeliso, Mark 2011. Improved Body Mass Index classification for football code masters athletes, a comparison to the Australian national population. International Journal of Biological and Medical Sciences. 1 (1), pp. 37 - 40.
Self-efficacy and its relationship to selected sport psychological constructs in the prediction of performance in ironman triathlon
Heazlewood, Ian Timothy and Burke, Stephen Thomas 2011. Self-efficacy and its relationship to selected sport psychological constructs in the prediction of performance in ironman triathlon. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise. 6 (2), pp. 328 - 350. https://doi.org/10.4100/jhse.2011.62.14
Incidence of chronic disease and lipid profile in veteran rugby athletes
Climstein, Mike, Walsh, Joe, Heazlewood, Tim, Burke, Stephen, Kettunen, Jyrki, Adams, Kent and DeBeliso, Mark 2011. Incidence of chronic disease and lipid profile in veteran rugby athletes. International Journal of Biological and Medical Sciences. 1 (1), pp. 41 - 45.
Sydney 2009 World Masters Games: Paricipants medicaland health history survey
Climstein, Mike, Burke, Stephen, Walsh, Joe, Heazlewood, Tim and Brock, Kim 2010. Sydney 2009 World Masters Games: Paricipants medicaland health history survey. Australian Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport. Australia: Elsevier. pp. 79 - 79
Engaging community pharmacists in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease: Protocol for the pharmacist assessment of adherence, risk and treatment in cardiovascular disease (PAART CVD) pilot study
Mc Namara, Kevin, George, Jacob, O'Reilly, S. L., Jackson, S. L., Peterson, G. M., Howarth, H., Bailey, Michael, Duncan, G., Trinder, P., Morabito, E., Finch, J., Bunker, Stephen, Janus, E. D., Emery, J. and Dunbar, J. A. 2010. Engaging community pharmacists in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease: Protocol for the pharmacist assessment of adherence, risk and treatment in cardiovascular disease (PAART CVD) pilot study. BMC Health Services Research. 10 (264), pp. 1 - 8. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-10-264
Sex-specific developmental changes in muscle size and bone geometry at the femoral shaft
Hogler, Wolfgang, Blimkie, Cameron J.R., Cowell, Chris T., Inglis, Dean, Rauch, Frank, Kemp, Allan F., Wiebe, Peter Norman, Duncan, Craig Scott, Farpour-Lambert, Nathalie and Woodhead, Helen J. 2008. Sex-specific developmental changes in muscle size and bone geometry at the femoral shaft. Bone. 42 (5), pp. 982 - 989. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2008.01.008
Cricket fast bowling performance and technique and the influence of selected physical factors during an 8-over spell
Portus, Marc R., Sinclair, Peter J., Burke, Stephen Thomas, Moore, David J. A. and Farhart, Patrick J. 2000. Cricket fast bowling performance and technique and the influence of selected physical factors during an 8-over spell. Journal of Sports Sciences. 18 (12), pp. 999 - 1011. https://doi.org/10.1080/026404100446801