Liberalism and identity

Book chapter


Bilgrami, Akeel. (2017). Liberalism and identity. In In C. Laborde and A. Bardon (Ed.). Religion in Liberal Political Philosophy pp. 275 - 294 Oxford Scholarship. https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198794394.003.0020
AuthorsBilgrami, Akeel
EditorsC. Laborde and A. Bardon
Abstract

This chapter seeks to steer past familiar criticisms of political liberalism to seek a different source of difficulty located in the notion of identity rather than community. Via a discussion of a form of argument that the chapter establishes to be common to both John Stuart Mill and John Rawls, it locates a tension between what it calls liberal and identitarian ‘mentalities’ which, it argues, cannot be overcome simply by redefining liberalism to be a more capacious doctrine. Rawls is read as providing a contractualist version of Mill’s meta-inductive argument for liberty and this common structure of argument in each is shown to fall afoul—in the case of Mill—of any credible epistemology and—in the case of Rawls—of any credible moral psychology of practical rationality.

Keywordsliberalism; identity; community; rationality; fallibilism; Rawls; Mill
Page range275 - 294
Year2017
Book titleReligion in Liberal Political Philosophy
PublisherOxford Scholarship
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
ISBN9780198794394
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198794394.003.0020
Research GroupInstitute for Social Justice
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