The role of time-monitoring behaviour in time-based prospective memory performance in younger and older adults

Journal article


Mioni, Giovanna, Grondin, Simon, McLennan, Skye N. and Stablum, Franca. (2020). The role of time-monitoring behaviour in time-based prospective memory performance in younger and older adults. Memory. 28(1), pp. 34-48. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2019.1675711
AuthorsMioni, Giovanna, Grondin, Simon, McLennan, Skye N. and Stablum, Franca
Abstract

Time-based prospective memory (TB-PM) is the ability to remember to perform an action at a specific moment in the future. Accurate TB-PM performance requires several cognitive processes that are known to decline in normal ageing. This study aimed to examine associations between TB-PM performance and executive functions and time perception in younger and older adults. TB-PM was assessed with the Virtual Week paradigm. Using a within-subjects experimental manipulation, participants performed TB-PM tasks both when a clock was in constant view and when it was hidden behind a button. Results showed that younger adults performed significantly better than older adults on all TB-PM task types, and checked the clock more often, and more strategically. Clock availability improved TB-PM performance in all participants. Correlational analyses showed that TB-PM accuracy was positively related to clock-checking frequency but unrelated to time perception. Relationships between executive functions and TB-PM differed across age groups as well as TB-PM task types. The findings suggest that different cognitive processes are required for different types of TB-PM tasks and in different ages. These results highlight the importance of considering TB-PM task parameters when investigating the role of cognitive processes in PM performance and their contribution to age-related PM decline.

Keywordsprospective memory; time-based; aging; time perception; executive functions
Year2020
JournalMemory
Journal citation28 (1), pp. 34-48
PublisherRoutledge
ISSN0965-8211
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2019.1675711
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85074045465
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range34-48
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online09 Oct 2019
Publication process dates
Accepted27 Sep 2019
Deposited15 Jul 2021
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