Awareness and use of the 11+ injury prevention program among coaches of adolescent female football teams

Journal article


Donaldson, Alex, Callaghan, Aisling, Bizzini, Mario, Jowett, Andrew, Keyzer, Patrick and Nicholson, Matthew. (2018). Awareness and use of the 11+ injury prevention program among coaches of adolescent female football teams. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching. 13(6), pp. 929-938. https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954118787654
AuthorsDonaldson, Alex, Callaghan, Aisling, Bizzini, Mario, Jowett, Andrew, Keyzer, Patrick and Nicholson, Matthew
Abstract

Coaches are essential to participant safety, particularly by implementing injury prevention programs. The evidence-based injury prevention programs developed by sports scientists will not prevent injuries in real-world sports settings if they are not properly implemented. This study investigated the knowledge and use of the highly efficacious 11+ injury prevention program among coaches of adolescent, female football teams, in Victoria, Australia. A cross-sectional online survey based on the RE-AIM framework identified that nearly half (42%) of the 64 respondents (response rate = 36%) were not aware of the 11+, and only one-third (31%) reported using it. Three-quarters (74%) of the 19 respondents who reported on the 11+ components they used, did not use the entire program. Nearly half (44%) of the 18 respondents who reported the frequency with which they used the 11+, used it less than the recommended twice a week. Barriers to implementing the 11+ included: limited awareness of the 11+; lack of knowledge about how to implement it; not having time to implement it; and believing that the 11+ does not incorporate appropriate progression. This study suggests that it is unlikely that the 11+ prevents a significant number of injuries in real-world football settings due to the lack of awareness and use among coaches. Football-governing bodies should use evidence-based strategies to raise awareness of the 11+, build coach competency to implement it, and address time-related implementation barriers that coaches experience. Coaches should keep up-to-date with injury prevention research evidence and prioritize injury prevention at training, including allocating time to implement injury prevention programs properly.

Keywordsassociation football; evidence-based practice; soccer; sports injuries
Year2018
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Science and Coaching
Journal citation13 (6), pp. 929-938
PublisherSAGE Publications Inc.
ISSN1747-9541
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954118787654
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85049801989
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range929-938
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online10 Jul 2018
Publication process dates
Deposited28 Jul 2021
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