Uncertainty in the school playground: shifting rationalities and teachers¿ sense-making in the management of risks for children with disabilities

Journal article


Spencer, Grace, Bundy, Anita, Wyver, Shirley, Villeneuve, Michelle, Tranter, Paul, Beetham, Kassia, Ragen, Jo and Naughton, Geraldine Ann. (2016) Uncertainty in the school playground: shifting rationalities and teachers¿ sense-making in the management of risks for children with disabilities. Health Risk and Society. https://doi.org/10.1080/13698575.2016.1238447
AuthorsSpencer, Grace, Bundy, Anita, Wyver, Shirley, Villeneuve, Michelle, Tranter, Paul, Beetham, Kassia, Ragen, Jo and Naughton, Geraldine Ann
Abstract

Recent theoretical debates highlight the competing risk logics and varying rationalities mobilised in response to dangers and approaches to risk management. Yet the concept of uncertainty, and how it informs perceived risks, is relatively less well understood. Debates of this kind are illuminated in contexts where risks are managed as part of everyday practice. The school setting provides an example of a context in which risks are continuously negotiated amidst dominant protectionist concerns about children’s well-being and safety. Such protectionist concerns are particularly pronounced for children with disabilities, as assumptions about limited capabilities complicate and structure the everyday play experiences for children. Drawing on findings from the Sydney Playground Project, in this article we aim to unpack the felt discomfort experienced by school staff in their responses to uncertain moments in children’s play. We report qualitative data collected from two schools between October 2014 and September 2015 using video observations of children’s play and teachers’ responses to an online Tolerance of Risk in Play Scale. Our findings point to the competing logics and forms of sense-making operationalised by teachers to manage the unknown. Our analysis explored the ways in which risk strategies were (re)framed by school staff and such reframing explained their action (or inaction) in the playground and how these were underpinned by concerns about professional accountabilities. Their responses located risks within the child with disabilities, rather than the play activity itself. Another approach to uncertainty can be achieved by mobilising a discourse of trust in which ‘letting-go’ offers children opportunities to reflexively engage in risk-taking.

Keywordsrisk; risk-taking; play; childhood; agency; disability; trust
Year2016
JournalHealth Risk and Society
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/13698575.2016.1238447
Research GroupSports Performance, Recovery, Injury and New Technologies (SPRINT) Research Centre
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