The meaning of monuments : Remembering Italo Balbo in Italy and the United States

Journal article


Carter, Nick. (2019) The meaning of monuments : Remembering Italo Balbo in Italy and the United States. Modern Italy. 24(2), pp. 219-235. https://doi.org/10.1017/mit.2019.12
AuthorsCarter, Nick
Abstract

This article examines the meaning of monuments in Italy and the United States (Chicago) dedicated to the Fascist gerarch Italo Balbo. A hugely popular personality in Fascist Italy, Balbo cemented his reputation in the early 1930s as the commander of mass-formation transatlantic flights to Brazil (1930-1) and the United States (1933). Chicago’s monuments – a road (Balbo Drive) and a column (the ‘Balbo monument’) – are a legacy of Balbo’s triumphant arrival in the city in 1933. Italy’s monuments date to the postwar and contemporary periods. The article examines why Balbo Drive and the Balbo monument in Chicago have become more controversial over time, especially in recent decades, and why, despite calls for their removal, both remain. It contrasts the Chicago case with the situation in Italy where since the 1990s Balbo has been commemorated in numerous forms.

KeywordsItalo Balbo; Chicago; monuments; Fascism; memory; critical toponymy
Year2019
JournalModern Italy
Journal citation24 (2), pp. 219-235
PublisherCambridge University Press
ISSN1469-9877
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1017/mit.2019.12
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85065180170
Web address (URL)https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/modern-italy/article/meaning-of-monuments-remembering-italo-balbo-in-italy-and-the-united-states/784F72E600A5B74BB123040F53DD05C0/share/531d8182982bbe081bb415b03ba183db1400d005
Open accessPublished as green open access
Page range219-235
Author's accepted manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
Publisher's version
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
OnlineMay 2019
Publication process dates
Deposited16 Nov 2020
ARC Funded ResearchThis output has not been funded, wholly or partially, under the Australian Research Council Act 2001
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File access level: Open

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