Development and validation of the Motivations for Social Media Use Scale (MSMU) among adolescents

Journal article


Rodgers, Rachel F., McLean, Siân A., Gordon, Chloe S., Slater, Amy, Marques, Mathew D., Jarman, Hannah K. and Paxton, Susan J.. (2021). Development and validation of the Motivations for Social Media Use Scale (MSMU) among adolescents. Adolescent Research Review. 6(4), pp. 425-435. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40894-020-00139-w
AuthorsRodgers, Rachel F., McLean, Siân A., Gordon, Chloe S., Slater, Amy, Marques, Mathew D., Jarman, Hannah K. and Paxton, Susan J.
Abstract

Theoretical accounts of the relationship between social media use and body image among adolescents have highlighted motivations as an important factor. However, motivations for social media use has received little attention in extant research in the area of body image. The aim of this study was therefore to develop a measure of motivations for social media use among adolescents, with a focus on appearance motivations. Data from 770 adolescents (49% female), mean (SD) age = 12.76 (0.74) were used to examine the psychometric properties of the new Motivations for Social Media Use scale (MSMU). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses revealed a four-factor structure including Connection, Popularity, Appearance, and Values and Interests subscales. All subscales revealed acceptable internal reliability, and convergent validity with internalization of appearance ideals, self-esteem, and social media use. The MSMU is a useful tool for assessing appearance motivations for social media use among adolescent girls and boys.

Keywordssocial media; adolescents; motivations; body image; gender
Year2021
JournalAdolescent Research Review
Journal citation6 (4), pp. 425-435
PublisherSpringer
ISSN2363-8354
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s40894-020-00139-w
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85090771278
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range425-435
FunderAustralian Research Council (ARC)
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online09 Sep 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted24 Aug 2020
Deposited21 Oct 2021
ARC Funded ResearchThis output has been funded, wholly or partially, under the Australian Research Council Act 2001
Grant IDARC/DP170100709
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