Risk factors of readmissions in geriatric rehabilitation patients : RESORT

Journal article


Wan, Ching S., Reijnierse, Esmee M. and Maier, Andrea B.. (2021). Risk factors of readmissions in geriatric rehabilitation patients : RESORT. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 102(8), pp. 1524-1532. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2021.01.082
AuthorsWan, Ching S., Reijnierse, Esmee M. and Maier, Andrea B.
Abstract

Objective
To evaluate the risk factors associated with 30- and 90-day hospital readmissions in geriatric rehabilitation inpatients.

Design
Observational, prospective longitudinal inception cohort.

Setting
Tertiary hospital in Victoria, Australia.

Participants
Geriatric rehabilitation inpatients of the REStORing Health of Acutely Unwell AdulTs (RESORT) cohort evalutated by a comprehensive geriatric assessment including potential readmission risk factors (ie, demographic, social support, lifestyle, functional performance, quality of life, morbidity, length of stay in an acute ward). Of 693 inpatients, 11 died during geriatric rehabilitation. The mean age of the remaining 682 inpatients was 82.2±7.8 years, and 56.7% were women.

Interventions
Not applicable.

Main Outcome Measures
Thirty- and 90-day readmissions after discharge from geriatric inpatient rehabilitation.

Results
The 30- and 90-day unplanned all-cause readmission rates were 11.6% and 25.2%, respectively. Risk factors for 30- and 90-day readmissions were as follows: did not receive tertiary education, lower quality of life, higher Charlson Comorbidity Index and Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS) scores, and a higher number of medications used in the univariable models. Formal care was associated with increased risk for 90-day readmissions. In multivariable models, CIRS score was a significant risk factor for 30-day readmissions, whereas high fear of falling and CIRS score were significant risk factors for 90-day readmissions.

Conclusions
High fear of falling and CIRS score were independent risk factors for readmission in geriatric rehabilitation inpatients. These variables should be included in hospital readmission risk prediction model developments for geriatric rehabilitation inpatients.

Keywordsaged; geriatrics; patient readmission; rehabilitation; risk factors
Year2021
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Journal citation102 (8), pp. 1524-1532
PublisherElsevier Inc.
ISSN0003-9993
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2021.01.082
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85102862091
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range1524-1532
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online16 Feb 2021
Publication process dates
Deposited08 Nov 2021
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