Individuals with unilateral mild-to-moderate hip osteoarthritis exhibit lower limb kinematic asymmetry during walking but not sit-to-stand

Journal article


Higgs, Jeremy P., Diamond, Laura E., Saxby, David J., Constantinou, Maria and Barrett, Rod S.. (2021). Individuals with unilateral mild-to-moderate hip osteoarthritis exhibit lower limb kinematic asymmetry during walking but not sit-to-stand. Symmetry. 13(5), p. Article 768. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym13050768
AuthorsHiggs, Jeremy P., Diamond, Laura E., Saxby, David J., Constantinou, Maria and Barrett, Rod S.
Abstract

Asymmetry during gait is associated with the evolution of secondary osteoarthritis. Kinematic asymmetry has been reported in advanced stages of hip osteoarthritis but has not been evaluated in earlier stages of the disease or has it been directly compared with unilateral and bilateral hip osteoarthritis. Our objective was to evaluate within-group symmetry and compare between-group asymmetry for three-dimensional pelvis, hip, knee, and ankle kinematics during walking and sit-to-stand in individuals with unilateral mild-to-moderate hip OA, bilateral mild-to-moderate hip osteoarthritis, and healthy controls. Twelve individuals with unilateral mild-to-moderate hip OA, nine individuals with bilateral mild-to-moderate symptomatic and radiographic hip OA, and 21 age-comparable healthy controls underwent three-dimensional motion analysis during walking and sit-to-stand. Pelvis and lower limb joint angles were calculated using inverse kinematics and between-limb symmetry was assessed for each group. Any resulting asymmetries (most affected minus contralateral limb) were compared between groups. Participants with unilateral hip osteoarthritis exhibited significantly less hip extension (7.90°), knee flexion (4.72°), and anterior pelvic tilt (3.38°) on their affected limb compared with the contralateral limb during the stance phase of walking. Those with unilateral hip osteoarthritis were significantly more asymmetrical than controls for sagittal plane hip and pelvis angles. No significant asymmetries were detected within- or between-groups for sit-to-stand. Individuals with unilateral hip osteoarthritis exhibited lower limb asymmetries consistent with those reported in advanced stages of disease during walking, but not sit-to-stand. Consideration of the possible negative effects of gait asymmetry on the health of the affected and other compensating joints appears warranted in the management of hip OA.

Keywordsbiomechanics; gait; symmetry; motion analysis
Year2021
JournalSymmetry
Journal citation13 (5), p. Article 768
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI AG)
ISSN2073-8994
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/sym13050768
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85105650317
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range1-11
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online28 Apr 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted22 Apr 2021
Deposited17 Nov 2021
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