Measuring physical demands in basketball : An explorative systematic review of practices

Journal article


Russell, Jennifer L., McLean, Blake D., Impellizzeri, Franco M., Strack, Donnie S. and Coutts, Aaron J.. (2021). Measuring physical demands in basketball : An explorative systematic review of practices. Sports Medicine. 51(1), pp. 81-112. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-020-01375-9
AuthorsRussell, Jennifer L., McLean, Blake D., Impellizzeri, Franco M., Strack, Donnie S. and Coutts, Aaron J.
Abstract

Background
Measuring the physical work and resultant acute psychobiological responses of basketball can help to better understand and inform physical preparation models and improve overall athlete health and performance. Recent advancements in training load monitoring solutions have coincided with increases in the literature describing the physical demands of basketball, but there are currently no reviews that summarize all the available basketball research. Additionally, a thorough appraisal of the load monitoring methodologies and measures used in basketball is lacking in the current literature. This type of critical analysis would allow for consistent comparison between studies to better understand physical demands across the sport.

Objectives
The objective of this systematic review was to assess and critically evaluate the methods and technologies used for monitoring physical demands in competitive basketball athletes. We used the term ‘training load’ to encompass the physical demands of both training and game activities, with the latter assumed to provide a training stimulus as well. This review aimed to critique methodological inconsistencies, establish operational definitions specific to the sport, and make recommendations for basketball training load monitoring practice and reporting within the literature.

Methods
A systematic review of the literature was performed using EBSCO, PubMed, SCOPUS, and Web of Science to identify studies through March 2020. Electronic databases were searched using terms related to basketball and training load. Records were included if they used a competitive basketball population and incorporated a measure of training load. This systematic review was registered with the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO Registration # CRD42019123603), and approved under the National Basketball Association (NBA) Health Related Research Policy.

Results
Electronic and manual searches identified 122 papers that met the inclusion criteria. These studies reported the physical demands of basketball during training (n = 56), competition (n = 36), and both training and competition (n = 30). Physical demands were quantified with a measure of internal training load (n = 52), external training load (n = 29), or both internal and external measures (n = 41). These studies examined males (n = 76), females (n = 34), both male and female (n = 9), and a combination of youth (i.e. under 18 years, n = 37), adults (i.e. 18 years or older, n = 77), and both adults and youth (n = 4). Inconsistencies related to the reporting of competition level, methodology for recording duration, participant inclusion criteria, and validity of measurement systems were identified as key factors relating to the reporting of physical demands in basketball and summarized for each study.

Conclusions
This review comprehensively evaluated the current body of literature related to training load monitoring in basketball. Within this literature, there is a clear lack of alignment in applied practices and methodological framework, and with only small data sets and short study periods available at this time, it is not possible to draw definitive conclusions about the true physical demands of basketball. A detailed understanding of modern technologies in basketball is also lacking, and we provide specific guidelines for defining and applying duration measurement methodologies, vetting the validity and reliability of measurement tools, and classifying competition level in basketball to address some of the identified knowledge gaps. Creating alignment in best-practice basketball research methodology, terminology and reporting may lead to a more robust understanding of the physical demands associated with the sport, thereby allowing for exploration of other research areas (e.g. injury, performance), and improved understanding and decision making in applying these methods directly with basketball athletes.

Year2021
JournalSports Medicine
Journal citation51 (1), pp. 81-112
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media
ISSN0112-1642
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-020-01375-9
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85095430144
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range81-112
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online05 Nov 2020
Publication process dates
Deposited26 Aug 2021
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/8wq5v/measuring-physical-demands-in-basketball-an-explorative-systematic-review-of-practices

Restricted files

Publisher's version

  • 79
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

Heart rate variability and direct current measurement characteristics in professional mixed martial arts athletes
Coyne, Joseph O. C., Coutts, Aaron J., Fomin, Roman, French, Duncan N., Newton, Robert U. and Haff, G. G.. (2020). Heart rate variability and direct current measurement characteristics in professional mixed martial arts athletes. Sports. 8(8), p. 109. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8080109
Quantifying physical demands in the national basketball association—challenges around developing best-practice models for athlete care and performance
McLean, Blake D., Strack, Donald, Russell, Jennifer and Coutts, Aaron J.. (2019). Quantifying physical demands in the national basketball association—challenges around developing best-practice models for athlete care and performance. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 14(4), pp. 414-420. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2018-0384
Measurement properties of an adductor strength-assessment system in professional Australian footballers
Ryan, Samuel, Kempton, Thomas, Pacecca, Emidio and Coutts, Aaron J.. (2019). Measurement properties of an adductor strength-assessment system in professional Australian footballers. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 14(2), pp. 256 - 259. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2018-0264
Recovery and performance in sport: Consensus statement
Michael Kellmann, Maurizio Bertollo, Laurent Bosquet, Michel Brink, Aaron Coutts, Rob Duffield, Daniel Erlacher, Shona Halson, Anne Hecksteden, Jahan Heidari, Wolfgang Kallus, R Meeusen, I Mujika, Claudio Robazza, Sabrina Skorski, Ranel Venter and Jürgen Beckmann. (2018). Recovery and performance in sport: Consensus statement. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 13(2), pp. 240-245. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2017-0759
Physical demands and technical performance in Australian Football League Women's (AFLW) competition match-play
Clarke, Anthea C., Ryan, Samuel, Couvalias, Georgia, Dascombe, Ben J., Coutts, Aaron J. and Kempton, Thomas. (2018). Physical demands and technical performance in Australian Football League Women's (AFLW) competition match-play. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 21(7), pp. 748 - 752. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2017.11.018
The fit matters: Influence of accelerometer fitting and training drill demands on load measures in rugby league players
McLean, Blake D., Cummins, Cloe, Conlan, Greta, Duthie, Grant and Coutts, Aaron J.. (2018). The fit matters: Influence of accelerometer fitting and training drill demands on load measures in rugby league players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 13(8), pp. 1083 - 1089. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2017-0729
Interchange rotation factors and player characteristics influence physical and technical performance in professional Australian Rules football
Dillon, Patrick A., Kempton, Thomas, Ryan, Samuel, Hocking, Joel and Coutts, Aaron J.. (2018). Interchange rotation factors and player characteristics influence physical and technical performance in professional Australian Rules football. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 21(3), pp. 317 - 321. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2017.06.008
Physical preparation factors that influence technical and physical match performance in professional Australian football
Ryan, Samuel, Coutts, Aaron J., Hocking, Joel, Dillon, Patrick A., Whitty, Anthony and Kempton, Thomas. (2018). Physical preparation factors that influence technical and physical match performance in professional Australian football. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 13(8), pp. 1021 - 1027. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2017-0640
Factors affecting match running performance in professional Australian football
Ryan, Samuel, Coutts, Aaron, Hocking, Joel and Kempton, Thomas. (2017). Factors affecting match running performance in professional Australian football. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 12(9), pp. 1199 - 1204. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2016-0586
The effect of low- vs high-cadence interval training on the freely chosen cadence and performance in endurance-trained cyclists
Whitty, Anthony G., Murphy, Aron J., Coutts, Aaron J. and Watsford, Mark L.. (2016). The effect of low- vs high-cadence interval training on the freely chosen cadence and performance in endurance-trained cyclists. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism. 41(6), pp. 666-673. https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2015-0562
Comparison of anthropometry, upper body strength and lower body power characteristics in different levels of Australian Football players
Bilsborough, Johann, Greenway, Kate, Opar, David, Livingstone, Steuart, Cordy, Justin, Bird, S. and Coutts, Aaron. (2015). Comparison of anthropometry, upper body strength and lower body power characteristics in different levels of Australian Football players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 29(3), pp. 826 - 834. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000682
The accuracy and precision of DXA for assessing body composition in team sport athletes
Bilsborough, Johann, Greenway, Kate, Opar, David, Livingstone, Steuart, Cordy, Justin and Coutts, Aaron. (2014). The accuracy and precision of DXA for assessing body composition in team sport athletes. Journal of Sports Sciences. 32(19), pp. 1821 - 1828. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.926380
Do physical capacity and interchange rest periods influence match exercise-intensity profile in Australian football?
Mooney, Mitchell, Cormack, Stuart, O'Brien, Brendan and Coutts, Aaron. (2013). Do physical capacity and interchange rest periods influence match exercise-intensity profile in Australian football? International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.8.2.165
International field hockey players perform more high-speed running than national-level conterparts
Jennings, Denise, Cormack, Stuart, Coutts, Aaron and Aughey, Robert. (2012). International field hockey players perform more high-speed running than national-level conterparts. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 26(4), pp. 947 - 952. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31822e5913
GPS Analysis of an International Field Hockey Tournament
Jennings, Denise, Cormack, Stuart, Coutts, Aaron and Aughey, Robert. (2012). GPS Analysis of an International Field Hockey Tournament. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 7(3), pp. 224 - 231. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.7.3.224
The relationship between physical capacity and match performance in elite Australian football :A mediation approach
Mooney, Mitchell, O'Brien, Brendan, Cormack, Stuart, Coutts, Aaron, Berry, Jason and Young, Warren. (2011). The relationship between physical capacity and match performance in elite Australian football :A mediation approach. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 14(5), pp. 447 - 452. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2011.03.010
The Validity and Reliability of GPS Units for Measuring Distance in Team Sport Specific Running Patterns
Jennings, Denise, Cormack, Stuart, Coutts, Aaron, Boyd, Luke and Aughey, Robert. (2010). The Validity and Reliability of GPS Units for Measuring Distance in Team Sport Specific Running Patterns. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 5(3), pp. 328 - 341. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.5.3.328
Variability of GPS units for measuring distance in team sport movements
Jennings, Denise, Cormack, Stuart, Coutts, Aaron, Boyd, Luke and Aughey, Robert. (2010). Variability of GPS units for measuring distance in team sport movements. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 5(4), pp. 565 - 569. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.5.4.565
Neuromuscular, endocrine, and perceptual fatigue responses during different length between-match microcycles in professional rugby league players
McLean, Blake, Coutts, Aaron, Kelly, Vincent, McGuigan, Michael and Cormack, Stuart. (2010). Neuromuscular, endocrine, and perceptual fatigue responses during different length between-match microcycles in professional rugby league players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 5(3), pp. 367 - 383. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.5.3.367
Factors associated with the selection of freely chosen cadence in non-cyclists
Whitty, Anthony Gerard, Murphy, Aron J., Coutts, Aaron J. and Watsford, Mark L.. (2009). Factors associated with the selection of freely chosen cadence in non-cyclists. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 106(5), pp. 705 - 712. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-009-1071-0