Effect of training phase on physical and physiological parameters of male powerlifters

Journal article


Hackett, Daniel A., Wilson, Guy C., Mitchell, Lachlan, Haghighi, Marjan Mosalman, Clark, Jillian L., Mavros, Yorgi, O’Connor, Helen, Hagstrom, Amanda D., Slater, Gary J., Keogh, Justin and McLellan, Chris. (2020). Effect of training phase on physical and physiological parameters of male powerlifters. Sports. 8(8), p. Article 106. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8080106
AuthorsHackett, Daniel A., Wilson, Guy C., Mitchell, Lachlan, Haghighi, Marjan Mosalman, Clark, Jillian L., Mavros, Yorgi, O’Connor, Helen, Hagstrom, Amanda D., Slater, Gary J., Keogh, Justin and McLellan, Chris
Abstract

Longitudinal research on training and dietary practices of natural powerlifters is limited. This study investigated the effect of phases of training on physical and physiological parameters in male natural powerlifters. Nine participants completed testing at two time points: (i) preparatory phase (~3 months prior to a major competition) and (ii) competition phase (1–2 weeks from a major competition). No significant changes between training phases were found for muscle strength and power. A trend for significance was found for decreased muscle endurance of the lower body (−24.4%, p = 0.08). A significant increase in leg lean mass was found at the competition phase (2.3%, p = 0.04), although no changes for other body composition measures were observed. No change was observed for any health marker except a trend for increased urinary creatinine clearance at the competition phase (12.5%, p = 0.08). A significant reduction in training volume for the lower body (−75.0%, p = 0.04) and a trend for a decrease in total energy intake (−17.0%, p = 0.06) was observed during the competition phase. Despite modifications in training and dietary practices, it appears that muscle performance, body composition, and health status remain relatively stable between training phases in male natural powerlifters.

Keywordstraining periodization; strength athletes; muscle power; athletic performance
Year2020
JournalSports
Journal citation8 (8), p. Article 106
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI AG)
ISSN2075-4663
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8080106
PubMed ID32751554
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85104030706
PubMed Central IDPMC7466622
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range1-12
FunderCollaborative Research Network for Advancing Exercise and Sports Science (CRN-AESS)
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online30 Jul 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted29 Jul 2020
Deposited25 Aug 2022
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/8y2y6/effect-of-training-phase-on-physical-and-physiological-parameters-of-male-powerlifters

Download files


Publisher's version
OA_Hackett_2020_Effect_of_training_phase_on_physical.pdf
License: CC BY 4.0
File access level: Open

  • 43
    total views
  • 18
    total downloads
  • 1
    views this month
  • 1
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

Shorter constant work rate cycling tests as proxies for longer tests in highly trained cyclists
du Plessis, Chantelle, Andrews, Mark, Mitchell, Lachlan J. G., Cochrane Wilkie, Jodie, King, Trish and Blazevich, Anthony J.. (2022). Shorter constant work rate cycling tests as proxies for longer tests in highly trained cyclists. PLoS ONE. 17, p. Article e0259034. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0259034
Effectiveness of nutrition interventions on improving diet quality and nutrition knowledge in military populations : A systematic review
Kullen, Charina, Mitchell, Lachlan, O'Connor, Helen T., Gifford, Janelle A. and Beck, Kathryn L.. (2022). Effectiveness of nutrition interventions on improving diet quality and nutrition knowledge in military populations : A systematic review. Nutrition Reviews. 80(6), pp. 1664-1693. https://doi.org/10.1093/nutrit/nuab087
Intersection of diet and exercise with the gut microbiome and circulating metabolites in male bodybuilders : A pilot study
Luk, Alison W. S., Mitchell, Lachlan, Koay, Yen Chin, O’Sullivan, John F., O’Connor, Helen, Hackett, Daniel A. and Holmes, Andrew. (2022). Intersection of diet and exercise with the gut microbiome and circulating metabolites in male bodybuilders : A pilot study. Metabolites. 12(10), p. Article 911. https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo12100911
Effect of Set-Structure on Upper-Body Muscular Hypertrophy and Performance in Recreationally-Trained Male and Female
Davies, Timothy, Halaki, Mark, Orr, Rhonda, Mitchell, Lachlan, Helms, Eric R., Clark, Jillian and Hackett, Daniel. (2022). Effect of Set-Structure on Upper-Body Muscular Hypertrophy and Performance in Recreationally-Trained Male and Female. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 36(8), pp. 2176-2185. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003971
Nutrition knowledge of elite and non-elite Gaelic footballers
Mitchell, Lachlan, Lehane, Paul, McCarthy, Mark, O’Shea, Kris, Tracey, Mark, Whyte, Taylor and Neville, Ross. (2022). Nutrition knowledge of elite and non-elite Gaelic footballers. Science and Medicine in Football. 6(2), pp. 159-163. https://doi.org/10.1080/24733938.2021.1906440
Mobilizing governments and society to combat obesity : Reflections on how data from the WHO European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative are helping to drive policy progress
Breda, João, Farrugia Sant'Angelo, Victoria, Duleva, Vesselka, Galeone, Daniela, Heinen, Mirjam M., Kelleher, Cecily C., Menzano, Maria Teresa, Musić Milanović, Sanja, Mitchell, Lachlan, Pudule, Iveta, Rito, Ana Isabel, Shengelia, Lela, Spinelli, Angela, Spiroski, Igor, Yardim, Nazan, Buoncristiano, Marta, Williams, Julianne, Rakovac, Ivo and McColl, Karen. (2021). Mobilizing governments and society to combat obesity : Reflections on how data from the WHO European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative are helping to drive policy progress. Obesity Reviews. 22(6), pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.13217
Relationship between echocardiogram and physical parameters in experienced resistance trainers : A pilot study
Hackett, Daniel, Mitchell, Lachlan, Clark, Jillian, Hagstrom, Amanda, Keogh, Justin and McLellan, Chris. (2021). Relationship between echocardiogram and physical parameters in experienced resistance trainers : A pilot study. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 61(9), pp. 1290-1300. https://doi.org/10.23736/S0022-4707.20.11615-3
Client experiences and confidence in nutrition advice delivered by registered exercise professionals
Mitchell, Lachlan, McKean, Mark, O'Connor, Helen, Prvan, Tania and Slater, Gary. (2021). Client experiences and confidence in nutrition advice delivered by registered exercise professionals. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 24(5), pp. 488-493. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2020.09.018
A rapid systematic review of measures to protect older people in long-term care facilities from COVID-19
Frazer, Kate, Mitchell, Lachlan, Stokes, Diarmuid, Lacey, Ella, Crowley, Eibhlin and Kelleher, Cecily C.. (2021). A rapid systematic review of measures to protect older people in long-term care facilities from COVID-19. BMJ Open. 11(10), p. Article e047012. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-047012
The effectiveness of nutrition education programmes on improving dietary intake in athletes : A systematic review
Boidin, Aimee, Tam, Ryan, Mitchell, Lachlan, Cox, Gregory R. and O'Connor, Helen. (2021). The effectiveness of nutrition education programmes on improving dietary intake in athletes : A systematic review. British Journal of Nutrition. 125(12), pp. 1359-1373. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520003694
Waist circumference-to-height ratio and body mass index for obesity classification in Irish children
Mitchell, Lachlan, Bel-Serrat, Silvia, Heinen, Mirjam, Mehegan, John, Murrin, Celine, O’Brien, Sarah, Stanley, Isobel and Kelleher, Cecily. (2021). Waist circumference-to-height ratio and body mass index for obesity classification in Irish children. Acta Paediatrica. 110(5), pp. 1541-1547. https://doi.org/10.1111/apa.15724
A case study of an 87-year-old male bodybuilder with complex health conditions
Hackett, Daniel A., Mitchell, Lachlan, Wilson, Guy C., Valenzuela, Trinidad, Hollings, Matthew and Fiatarone Singh, Maria. (2021). A case study of an 87-year-old male bodybuilder with complex health conditions. Medicina. 57(7), p. Article 664. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57070664
Disordered eating behaviours in female physique athletes
Whitehead, Jacqui, Slater, Gary, Wright, Hattie, Martin, Lisa, O’Connor, Helen and Mitchell, Lachlan. (2020). Disordered eating behaviours in female physique athletes. European Journal of Sport Science. 20(9), pp. 1206-1214. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2019.1698659
Are exercise professionals fit to provide nutrition advice? An evaluation of general nutrition knowledge
McKean, Mark, Mitchell, Lachlan, O'Connor, Helen, Prvan, Tania and Slater, Gary. (2019). Are exercise professionals fit to provide nutrition advice? An evaluation of general nutrition knowledge. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 22(3), pp. 264-268. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2018.08.018
Effects of a 12-week modified German volume training program on muscle strength and hypertrophy - A pilot study
Hackett, Daniel A., Amirthalingam, Theban, Mitchell, Lachlan, Mavros, Yorgi, Wilson, Guy C. and Halaki, Mark. (2018). Effects of a 12-week modified German volume training program on muscle strength and hypertrophy - A pilot study. Sports. 6(1), p. Article 7. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports6010007
Physiological implications of preparing for a natural male bodybuilding competition
Mitchell, Lachlan, Slater, Gary, Hackett, Daniel, Johnson, Nathan and O’Connor, Helen. (2018). Physiological implications of preparing for a natural male bodybuilding competition. European Journal of Sport Science. 18(5), pp. 619-629. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2018.1444095
Effects of a modified German volume training program on muscular hypertrophy and strength
Amirthalingam, Theban, Mavros, Yorgi, Wilson, Guy C., Clark, Jillian L., Mitchell, Lachlan and Hackett, Daniel A.. (2017). Effects of a modified German volume training program on muscular hypertrophy and strength. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 31(11), pp. 3109-3119. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001747
Do bodybuilders use evidence-based nutrition strategies to manipulate physique?
Mitchell, Lachlan, Hackett, Daniel, Gifford, Janelle, Estermann, Frederico and O’Connor, Helen. (2017). Do bodybuilders use evidence-based nutrition strategies to manipulate physique? Sports. 5(4), p. Article 76. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports5040076
Muscle dysmorphia symptomatology and associated psychological features in bodybuilders and non-bodybuilder resistance trainers : A systematic review and meta-analysis
Mitchell, Lachlan, Murray, Stuart B., Cobley, Stephen, Hackett, Daniel, Gifford, Janelle, Capling, Louise and O'Connor, Helen. (2017). Muscle dysmorphia symptomatology and associated psychological features in bodybuilders and non-bodybuilder resistance trainers : A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Medicine. 47(2), pp. 233-259. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-016-0564-3