Nutrition and indoor cycling : A cross-sectional analysis of carbohydrate intake for online racing and training

Journal article


King, Andrew J. and Hall, Rebecca C.. (2022). Nutrition and indoor cycling : A cross-sectional analysis of carbohydrate intake for online racing and training. British Journal of Nutrition. 127(8), pp. 1204-1213. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114521001860
AuthorsKing, Andrew J. and Hall, Rebecca C.
Abstract

Cycling is a sport characterised by high training load, and adequate nutrition is essential for training and race performance. With the increased popularity of indoor trainers, cyclists have a unique opportunity to practice and implement key nutritional strategies. This study aimed to assess carbohydrate (CHO) intake of cyclists training or racing in this unique scenario for optimising exercise nutrition. A mixed-methods approach consisting of a multiple-pass self-report food recall and questionnaire was used to determine total CHO intake pre, during and post-training or racing using a stationary trainer and compared with current guidelines for endurance exercise. Sub-analyses were also made for higher ability cyclists (>4 W/kg functional threshold power), races v. non-races and ‘key’ training sessions. Mean CHO intake pre and post-ride was 0·7 (SD 0·6) and 1·0 (SD 0·8) g kg/BM and 39·3 (SD 27·5) g/h during training. CHO intake was not different for races (pre/during/post, P = 0·31, 0·23, 0·18, respectively), ‘key sessions’ (P = 0·26, 0·89, 0·98) or higher ability cyclists (P = 0·26, 0·76, 0·45). The total proportion of cyclists who failed to meet CHO recommendations was higher than those who met guidelines (pre = 79 %, during = 86 %, post = 89 %). Cyclists training or racing indoors do not meet current CHO recommendations for cycling performance. Due to the short and frequently high-intensity nature of some sessions, opportunity for during exercise feeding may be limited or unnecessary.

Keywordsexercise; food; diet; metabolism; stationary cycling; cycling
Year2022
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Journal citation127 (8), pp. 1204-1213
PublisherCambridge University Press
ISSN0007-1145
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114521001860
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85107413629
Open accessPublished as green open access
Page range1204-1213
Author's accepted manuscript
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Open
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All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online03 Jun 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted27 May 2021
Deposited03 Feb 2023
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