Individual differences in the vocabulary skills of children with poor reading comprehension

Journal article


Colenbrander, Danielle, Kohnen, Saskia, Smith-Lock, Karen and Nickels, Lyndsey. (2016). Individual differences in the vocabulary skills of children with poor reading comprehension. Learning and Individual Differences. 50, pp. 210-220. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2016.07.021
AuthorsColenbrander, Danielle, Kohnen, Saskia, Smith-Lock, Karen and Nickels, Lyndsey
Abstract

As a group, poor comprehenders (children who have poor reading comprehension despite age-appropriate decoding abilities) have often been shown to have vocabulary difficulties. However, vocabulary knowledge is complex and could affect reading comprehension in more than one way. We explored this complexity by assessing the vocabulary and oral language skills of poor comprehenders at the individual level. All poor comprehenders displayed some degree of oral language deficit in the context of intact nonword and irregular word reading skills, but patterns of oral language deficit differed across participants. The majority had weak vocabulary skills which took the form of semantic weaknesses, while a minority had age-appropriate vocabulary skills but poor syntactic or listening comprehension skills. Our results support the Simple View of Reading and demonstrate the importance of considering individual variation when developing theories of, and treatments for, poor reading comprehension.

Keywordsvocabulary; reading comprehension; individual differences; oral language; irregular word reading
Year2016
JournalLearning and Individual Differences
Journal citation50, pp. 210-220
PublisherElsevier Inc.
ISSN1041-6080
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2016.07.021
Scopus EID2-s2.0-84988642824
Open accessPublished as green open access
Page range210-220
FunderMacquarie University
Australian Research Council (ARC)
Author's accepted manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online09 Aug 2016
Publication process dates
Accepted30 Jul 2016
Deposited16 Nov 2023
ARC Funded ResearchThis output has been funded, wholly or partially, under the Australian Research Council Act 2001
Grant IDFT120100102
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