The 2017 hormone therapy position statement of the North American Menopause Society

Journal article


Pinkerton, Jo A.V., Aguirre, Fernando S., Blake, Jennifer, Cosman, F., Hodis, Howard, Hoffstetter, Susan, Kaunitz, Andrew M., Kingsberg, Sheryl A., Maki, Pauline M., Manson, JoAnn E., Marchbanks, Polly, McClung, Michael, Nachtigall, Lila E., Nelson, Lawrence M., Pace, Diane T., Reid, Robert L., Sarrel, Phillip M., Shifren, Jan L., Stuenkel, Cynthia A. and Utian, Wulf H.. (2017) The 2017 hormone therapy position statement of the North American Menopause Society. Menopause: The Journal of the North American Menopause Society. 24(7), pp. 728 - 753. https://doi.org/10.1097/GME.0000000000000921
AuthorsPinkerton, Jo A.V., Aguirre, Fernando S., Blake, Jennifer, Cosman, F., Hodis, Howard, Hoffstetter, Susan, Kaunitz, Andrew M., Kingsberg, Sheryl A., Maki, Pauline M., Manson, JoAnn E., Marchbanks, Polly, McClung, Michael, Nachtigall, Lila E., Nelson, Lawrence M., Pace, Diane T., Reid, Robert L., Sarrel, Phillip M., Shifren, Jan L., Stuenkel, Cynthia A. and Utian, Wulf H.
Abstract

The 2017 Hormone Therapy Position Statement of The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) updates the 2012 Hormone Therapy Position Statement of The North American Menopause Society and identifies future research needs. An Advisory Panel of clinicians and researchers expert in the field of women's health and menopause was recruited by NAMS to review the 2012 Position Statement, evaluate new literature, assess the evidence, and reach consensus on recommendations, using the level of evidence to identify the strength of recommendations and the quality of the evidence. The Panel's recommendations were reviewed and approved by the NAMS Board of Trustees. Hormone therapy (HT) remains the most effective treatment for vasomotor symptoms (VMS) and the genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) and has been shown to prevent bone loss and fracture. The risks of HT differ depending on type, dose, duration of use, route of administration, timing of initiation, and whether a progestogen is used. Treatment should be individualized to identify the most appropriate HT type, dose, formulation, route of administration, and duration of use, using the best available evidence to maximize benefits and minimize risks, with periodic reevaluation of the benefits and risks of continuing or discontinuing HT. For women aged younger than 60 years or who are within 10 years of menopause onset and have no contraindications, the benefit-risk ratio is most favorable for treatment of bothersome VMS and for those at elevated risk for bone loss or fracture. For women who initiate HT more than 10 or 20 years from menopause onset or are aged 60 years or older, the benefit-risk ratio appears less favorable because of the greater absolute risks of coronary heart disease, stroke, venous thromboembolism, and dementia. Longer durations of therapy should be for documented indications such as persistent VMS or bone loss, with shared decision making and periodic reevaluation. For bothersome GSM symptoms not relieved with over-the-counter therapies and without indications for use of systemic HT, low-dose vaginal estrogen therapy or other therapies are recommended. This NAMS position statement has been endorsed by Academy of Women's Health, American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, American Association of Nurse Practitioners, American Medical Women's Association, American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Asociación Mexicana para el Estudio del Climaterio, Association of Reproductive Health Professionals, Australasian Menopause Society, Chinese Menopause Society, Colegio Mexicano de Especialistas en Ginecologia y Obstetricia, Czech Menopause and Andropause Society, Dominican Menopause Society, European Menopause and Andropause Society, German Menopause Society, Groupe d’études de la ménopause et du vieillissement Hormonal, HealthyWomen, Indian Menopause Society, International Menopause Society, International Osteoporosis Foundation, International Society for the Study of Women's Sexual Health, Israeli Menopause Society, Japan Society of Menopause and Women's Health, Korean Society of Menopause, Menopause Research Society of Singapore, National Association of Nurse Practitioners in Women's Health, SOBRAC and FEBRASGO, SIGMA Canadian Menopause Society, Società Italiana della Menopausa, Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada, South African Menopause Society, Taiwanese Menopause Society, and the Thai Menopause Society. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports the value of this clinical document as an educational tool, June 2017. The British Menopause Society supports this Position Statement.

Year2017
JournalMenopause: The Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Journal citation24 (7), pp. 728 - 753
PublisherLippincott Williams and Wilkins
ISSN1072-3714
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1097/GME.0000000000000921
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85021281756
Page range728 - 753
Research GroupMary MacKillop Institute for Health Research
Place of publicationUnited States
EditorsI. Schiff
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Bilezikian, John P., Zerbini, Cristiano, Lewiecki, E. Michael, Borges, Joao Lindolfo, Miller, Paul D., Hans, Didier, Camargos, Bruno Muzzi and McClung, Michael R.. (2012) In memoriam: Sergio Ragi-Eis, MD, CCD, CDT (April 8, 1962-February 22, 2012). Osteoporosis International. 15(3), pp. 257 - 259. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocd.2012.05.003
Revisiting the prevention of bone loss at menopause
McClung, Michael R.. (2012) Revisiting the prevention of bone loss at menopause. Menopause. 19(11), pp. 1173 - 1175. https://doi.org/10.1097/gme.0b013e318274fb1d
Femoral strength in osteoporotic women treated with teriparatide or alendronate
Keaveny, Tony M., McClung, Michael R., Wan, Xiaohai, Kopperdahl, David L., Mitlak, Bruce H. and Krohn, Kelly. (2012) Femoral strength in osteoporotic women treated with teriparatide or alendronate. Bone. 50(1), pp. 165 - 170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2011.10.002
Odanacatib in the treatment of postmenopausal women with low bone mineral density: Three-year continued therapy and resolution of effect
Eisman, John A., Bone, Henry G., Hosking, David J., McClung, Michael R., Reid, Ian R., Rizzoli, Rene, Resch, Heinrich, Verbruggen, Nadia, Hustad, Carolyn M., DaSilva, Carolyn, Petrovic, Romana, Santora, Arthur C., Ince, B. Avery and Lombardi, Antonio. (2011) Odanacatib in the treatment of postmenopausal women with low bone mineral density: Three-year continued therapy and resolution of effect. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. 26(2), pp. 242 - 251. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.212
Effects of denosumab on fracture and bone mineral density by level of kidney function
Jamal, Sophie A., Ljunggren, Östen, Stehman-Breen, Catherine, Cummings, Steven R., McClung, Michael R., Goemaere, Stefan, Ebeling, Peter R., Franek, Edward, Yang, Yu-ching, Egbuna, Ogo I., Boonen, Steven and Miller, Paul D.. (2011) Effects of denosumab on fracture and bone mineral density by level of kidney function. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. 26(8), pp. 1829 - 1835. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.403
Effects of denosumab on bone turnover markers in postmenopausal osteoporosis
Eastell, Richard, Christiansen, Claus, Grauer, Andreas, Kutilek, Stepan, Libanati, Cesar, McClung, Michael R., Reid, Ian R., Resch, Heinrich, Siris, Ethel, Uebelhart, Daniel, Wang, Andrea, Weryha, Georges and Cummings, Steven R.. (2011) Effects of denosumab on bone turnover markers in postmenopausal osteoporosis. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. 26(3), pp. 530 - 537. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.251
Osteoporosis update from the 2010 Santa Fe Bone Symposium
Lewiecki, E. Michael, Bilezikian, John P., Khosla, Sundeep, Marcus, Robert, McClung, Michael R., Miller, Paul D., Watts, Nelson B. and Maricic, Michael. (2011) Osteoporosis update from the 2010 Santa Fe Bone Symposium. Journal of Clinical Densitometry. 14(1), pp. 1 - 21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocd.2010.12.001
Treatment with denosumab reduces the incidence of new vertebral and hip fractures in postmenopausal women at high risk
Boonen, Steven, Adachi, Jonathan D., Man, Zulema, Cummings, Steven R., Lippuner, K., Torring, Ove, Gallagher, J.C., Farrerons, J., Wang, Andrea, Franchimont, N., San Martin, Javier, Grauer, Andreas and McClung, Michael R.. (2011) Treatment with denosumab reduces the incidence of new vertebral and hip fractures in postmenopausal women at high risk. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 96(6), pp. 1727 - 1736. https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2010-2784
Markers of bone turnover for the prediction of fracture risk and monitoring of osteoporosis treatment: A need for international reference standards
Vasikaran, Samuel, Eastell, Richard, Bruyere, O., Foldes, A. J., Garnero, P., Griesmacher, Andrea, McClung, Michael R., Morris, Howard A., Silverman, S., Trenti, Tommaso, Wahl, D. A., Cooper, Cyrus and Kanis, John A.. (2011) Markers of bone turnover for the prediction of fracture risk and monitoring of osteoporosis treatment: A need for international reference standards. Osteoporosis International. 22(2), pp. 391 - 420. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-010-1501-1
Arzoxifene for prevention of fractures and invasive breast cancer in postmenopausal women
Cummings, Steven R., McClung, Michael R., Reginster, Jean-Yves, Cox, David, Mitlak, Bruce, Stock, John, Amewou-Atisso, Messan, Powles, Trevor, Miller, Paul, Zanchetta, Jose Ruben and Christiansen, Claus. (2011) Arzoxifene for prevention of fractures and invasive breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. 26(2), pp. 397 - 404. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.191