Developing maximal neuromuscular power: Part 1 - Biological basis of maximal power production

Journal article


Cormie, Prue, McGuigan, Michael R. and Newton, Robert U.. (2011) Developing maximal neuromuscular power: Part 1 - Biological basis of maximal power production. Sports Medicine. 41(1), pp. 17 - 38. https://doi.org/10.2165/11537690-000000000-00000
AuthorsCormie, Prue, McGuigan, Michael R. and Newton, Robert U.
Abstract

This series of reviews focuses on the most important neuromuscular function in many sport performances, the ability to generate maximal muscular power. Part 1 focuses on the factors that affect maximal power production, while part 2, which will follow in a forthcoming edition of Sports Medicine, explores the practical application of these findings by reviewing the scientific literature relevant to the development of training programmes that most effectively enhance maximal power production. The ability of the neuromuscular system to generate maximal power is affected by a range of interrelated factors. Maximal muscular power is defined and limited by the force-velocity relationship and affected by the length-tension relationship. The ability to generate maximal power is influenced by the type of muscle action involved and, in particular, the time available to develop force, storage and utilization of elastic energy, interactions of contractile and elastic elements, potentiation of contractile and elastic filaments as well as stretch reflexes. Furthermore, maximal power production is influenced by morphological factors including fibre type contribution to whole muscle area, muscle architectural features and tendon properties as well as neural factors including motor unit recruitment, firing frequency, synchronization and intermuscular coordination. In addition, acute changes in the muscle environment (i.e. alterations resulting from fatigue, changes in hormone milieu and muscle temperature) impact the ability to generate maximal power. Resistance training has been shown to impact each of these neuromuscular factors in quite specific ways. Therefore, an understanding of the biological basis of maximal power production is essential for developing training programmes that effectively enhance maximal power production in the human.

Year2011
JournalSports Medicine
Journal citation41 (1), pp. 17 - 38
PublisherAdis International
ISSN0112-1642
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.2165/11537690-000000000-00000
Scopus EID2-s2.0-78650124325
Page range17 - 38
Research GroupInstitute for Health and Ageing
Place of publicationNew Zealand
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Cormie, Prue, McBride, Jeffrey M. and McCaulley, Grant O.. (2007) The influence of body mass on calculation of power during lower-body resistance exercises. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 21(4), pp. 1042 - 1049. https://doi.org/10.1519/R-21636.1
Mechanical efficiency during repetitive vertical jumping
McCaulley, Grant O., Cormie, Prue, Cavill, Michael J., Nuzzo, James L., Urbiztondo, Zea G. and McBride, Jeffrey M.. (2007) Mechanical efficiency during repetitive vertical jumping. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 101(1), pp. 115 - 123. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-007-0480-1
Optimal loading for maximal power output during lower-body resistance exercises
Cormie, Prue, McCaulley, Grant O., Triplett, N. Travis and McBride, Jeffrey M.. (2007) Optimal loading for maximal power output during lower-body resistance exercises. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 39(2), pp. 340 - 349. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000246993.71599.bf
Methodological concerns for determining power output in the jump squat
Cormie, Prue, Deane, Russell and McBride, Jeffrey M.. (2007) Methodological concerns for determining power output in the jump squat. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 21(2), pp. 424 - 430. https://doi.org/10.1519/R-19605.1
Power versus strength-power jump squat training: Influence on the load-power relationship
Cormie, Prue, McCaulley, Grant O. and McBride, Jeffrey M.. (2007) Power versus strength-power jump squat training: Influence on the load-power relationship. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 39(6), pp. 996 - 1003. https://doi.org/10.1097/mss.0b013e3180408e0c
Validation of power measurement techniques in dynamic lower body resistance exercises
Cormie, Prue, McBride, Jeffrey M. and McCaulley, Grant O.. (2007) Validation of power measurement techniques in dynamic lower body resistance exercises. Journal of Applied Biomechanics. 23(2), pp. 103 - 118. https://doi.org/10.1123/jab.23.2.103
Acute effects of whole-body vibration on muscle activity, strength, and power
Cormie, Prue, Deane, Russell, Triplett, N. Travis and McBride, Jeffrey M.. (2006) Acute effects of whole-body vibration on muscle activity, strength, and power. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 20(2), pp. 257 - 261. https://doi.org/10.1519/R-17835.1
Isometric squat force output and muscle activity in stable and unstable conditions
McBride, Jeffrey M., Cormie, Prue and Deane, Russell. (2006) Isometric squat force output and muscle activity in stable and unstable conditions. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 20(4), pp. 915 - 918. https://doi.org/10.1519/R-19305.1
Anthropometric and physical abilities profiles: US National Skeleton Team.
Sands, William A., Smith, L. Sarah L., Kivi, Derek M. R., McNeal, Jeni R., Dorman, Jason, Stone, Michael H. and Cormie, Prue. (2005) Anthropometric and physical abilities profiles: US National Skeleton Team. Sports Biomechanics. 4(2), pp. 197 - 214. https://doi.org/10.1080/14763140508522863