A “good” explanation of Five Puzzles about Reasons

Journal article


Finlay, Stephen. (2019). A “good” explanation of Five Puzzles about Reasons. Philosophical Perspectives. 33(1), pp. 62 - 104. https://doi.org/10.1111/phpe.12126
AuthorsFinlay, Stephen
Abstract

[Extract] What does it mean for something, like the fact that rain is forecast, to be a normative reason for an action, like taking your umbrella, or attitude, like believing it will rain? According to a popular view, concepts of “reasons” are all concepts of some kind of explanation.1 But explanations of what? On one way of developing this idea, the concept of a normative reason for an agent S to do A is that of an explanation why it would be good (in some way, to some degree) for S to do A.2 This Reasons as Explanations of Goodness hypothesis (REG) has numerous virtues and champions. But like every theory of normative reasons it faces some significant challenges, which prompt many more philosophers to be skeptical that it can account for all normative reasons. This paper demonstrates how five different puzzles about normative reasons can be solved by paying attention to how the concept of goodness is context‐sensitive—and how this implies that talk about reasons is also context‐sensitive. Rather than asking simply whether certain facts are reasons for S to do A, we need to explore how context affects whether it is correct to describe a fact as “a reason” for S to do A.

Year2019
JournalPhilosophical Perspectives
Journal citation33 (1), pp. 62 - 104
PublisherWiley-Liss Inc.
ISSN1520-8583
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/phpe.12126
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85083976660
Page range62 - 104
Research GroupDianoia Institute of Philosophy
Publisher's version
File Access Level
Controlled
Place of publicationUnited States of America
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/89x6v/a-good-explanation-of-five-puzzles-about-reasons

Restricted files

Publisher's version

  • 79
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 2
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

What might but must not be
Finlay, Stephen and Lennertz, Benjamin. (2020). What might but must not be. Analysis. 80(4), pp. 647-656. https://doi.org/10.1093/analys/anaa022
Defining normativity
Finlay, Stephen. (2019). Defining normativity. In In D. Plunkett, S. J. Shapiro and K. Toh (Ed.). Dimensions of Normativity: New Essays on Metaethics and Jurisprudence pp. 187 - 219 Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780190640408.003.0009
Quasi-expressivism about statements of law: A Hartian theory
Finlay, Stephen and Plunkett, David. (2018). Quasi-expressivism about statements of law: A Hartian theory. In In J. Gardner, L. Green and B. Leiter (Ed.). Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Law Volume 3 pp. 49 - 86 Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198828174.003.0002
Conceptual analysis in metaethics
Laskowski, Nicholas and Finlay, Stephen. (2017). Conceptual analysis in metaethics. In In T. McPherson and D. Plunkett (Ed.). The Routledge Handbook of Methaetics pp. 536 - 551 Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315213217-35
Disagreement lost and found
Finlay, Stephen. (2017). Disagreement lost and found. In In R. Shafer-Landau (Ed.). Oxford Studies in Metaethics; Volume 12 pp. 187 - 205 Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198805076.003.0008
Ought of order
Finlay, Stephen. (2016). Ought of order. In In N. Charlow and M. Chrisman (Ed.). Deontic Modality pp. 169 - 199 Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717928.001.0001
Confusion of Tongues : A Theory of Normative Language
Finlay, Stephen. (2014). Confusion of Tongues : A Theory of Normative Language Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199347490.001.0001
Deontic modality today : Introduction
Finlay, Stephen and Schroeder, Mark. (2014). Deontic modality today : Introduction. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly. 95(4), pp. 421-423. https://doi.org/10.1111/papq.12043
One ought too many
Finlay, Stephen and Snedegar, Justin. (2014). One ought too many. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research. 89(1), pp. 102-124. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1933-1592.2012.00646.x
One Ought Too Many
Finlay, Stephen and Snedegar, Justin. (2014). One Ought Too Many. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research. 89(1), pp. 102 - 124. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1933-1592.2012.00646.x