Different modalities of exercise improve macrovascular function but not microvascular function in metabolic syndrome: The RESOLVE randomized trial

Journal article


Agnes Vinet, Phillippe Obert, Daniel Courteix, Robert Chapier, Bruno Lesourd, Julien Verney, Frederic Dutheil and Guillaume Walther. (2018). Different modalities of exercise improve macrovascular function but not microvascular function in metabolic syndrome: The RESOLVE randomized trial. International Journal of Cardiology. 267, pp. 165-170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2018.05.073
AuthorsAgnes Vinet, Phillippe Obert, Daniel Courteix, Robert Chapier, Bruno Lesourd, Julien Verney, Frederic Dutheil and Guillaume Walther
Abstract

Objective
To determine which modality of exercise program (endurance and/or resistance dominance) is the most effective for improving vascular function in the micro- and macrocirculation in metabolic syndrome (MetS).

Methods
Sixty-two MetS patients were enrolled in a 6-month lifestyle intervention program based on diet and exercise training. Each participant was randomly assigned to one of 3 groups categorized by exercise modality (e.g. high-intensity resistance or endurance training, or combined moderate-intensity). Measurements of anthropometrics, biological blood markers, physical fitness and vascular function were performed at baseline, at the end of the 3-week residential program, and at 3 and 6 months after baseline. Brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and the response to sublingual nitrate were assessed by high-resolution ultrasound. Microvascular reactivity was evaluated using laser Doppler flowmetry in conjunction with iontophoresis of acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside.

Results
Regardless of the training program, FMD significantly increased from baseline to 3 weeks in all groups with no further changes at 3 and 6 months. Changes in central fat, diastolic blood pressure, triglycerides, interleukin-6 and physical fitness were independent predictors of increased FMD. Nitrate-mediated dilation increased from baseline to 3 months and then remained unchanged up to 6 months. Endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent function of the skin microcirculation did not change significantly in all groups.

Conclusions
In MetS patients, exercise training, regardless of its endurance or resistance dominance, is able to improve vascular function in large vessels only. Lifestyle intervention programs including exercise training must be encouraged in those with MetS.

Keywordsendothelium; smooth muscle function; exercise training; metabolic syndrome
Year2018
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Journal citation267, pp. 165-170
PublisherElsevier Ireland Ltd.
ISSN0167-5273
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2018.05.073
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85047819707
Publisher's version
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Controlled
Publication process dates
Deposited10 May 2021
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