Effects of nutritional interventions on accuracy and reaction time with relevance to mental fatigue in sporting, military and aerospace populations: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Journal article


Oliver, Liam S., Sullivan, John P., Russell, Suzanna, Peake, Jonathan M., Nicholson, Mitchell, McNulty, Craig and Kelly, Vincent G.. (2022). Effects of nutritional interventions on accuracy and reaction time with relevance to mental fatigue in sporting, military and aerospace populations: A systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 19(1), p. Article 307. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010307
AuthorsOliver, Liam S., Sullivan, John P., Russell, Suzanna, Peake, Jonathan M., Nicholson, Mitchell, McNulty, Craig and Kelly, Vincent G.
Abstract

Background: Research in sport, military, and aerospace populations has shown that mental fatigue may impair cognitive performance. The effect of nutritional interventions that may mitigate such negative effects has been investigated. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to quantify the effects of nutritional interventions on cognitive domains often measured in mental fatigue research. Methods: A systematic search for articles was conducted using key terms relevant to mental fatigue in sport, military, and aerospace populations. Two reviewers screened 11,495 abstracts and 125 full texts. A meta-analysis was conducted whereby effect sizes were calculated using subgroups for nutritional intervention and cognitive domains. Results: Fourteen studies were included in the meta-analysis. The consumption of energy drinks was found to have a small positive effect on reaction time, whilst the use of beta-alanine, carbohydrate, and caffeine had no effect. Carbohydrate and caffeine use had no effect on accuracy. Conclusions: The results of this meta-analysis suggest that consuming energy drinks may improve reaction time. The lack of effect observed for other nutritional interventions is likely due to differences in the type, timing, dosage, and form of administration. More rigorous randomized controlled trials related to the effect of nutrition interventions before, during, and after induced mental fatigue are required.

Keywordsmental fatigue; sport; military; aerospace; nutrition; intervention; ergogenic
Year2022
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Journal citation19 (1), p. Article 307
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI AG)
ISSN1661-7827
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010307
PubMed ID35010566
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85121671564
PubMed Central IDPMC8744602
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range1-21
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online28 Dec 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted22 Dec 2021
Deposited29 Mar 2022
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/8x9xw/effects-of-nutritional-interventions-on-accuracy-and-reaction-time-with-relevance-to-mental-fatigue-in-sporting-military-and-aerospace-populations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis

Download files


Publisher's version
  • 60
    total views
  • 55
    total downloads
  • 1
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

Global practitioner assessment and management of mental fatigue and mental recovery in high-performance sport : A need for evidence-based best-practice guidelines
Russell, S., Johnston, R. D., Stanimirovic, R. and Halson, S. L.. (2023). Global practitioner assessment and management of mental fatigue and mental recovery in high-performance sport : A need for evidence-based best-practice guidelines. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. pp. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.14491
Thinking about elite performance : The experience and impact of mental fatigue in elite sport coaching
Russell, Suzanna, Halson, Shona L., Jenkins, David G., Rynne, Steven B., Roelands, Bart and Kelly, Vincent G.. (2023). Thinking about elite performance : The experience and impact of mental fatigue in elite sport coaching. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 18(8), pp. 878-884. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2023-0033
Efficacy of two doses of external counterpulsation (ECP) on glycemic control in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus : A randomized SHAM-controlled trial
Coombes, Jeff S., Dias, Katrin A., Lal, Ravin, Fassett, Robert G., Wallen, Matthew P., Ramos, Joyce S., Russell, Suzanna, Vear, Natalie K., Gajanand, Trishan, Bailey, Tom G., Green, Daniel J., Coombes, Brooke K. and Roberts, Llion A.. (2023). Efficacy of two doses of external counterpulsation (ECP) on glycemic control in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus : A randomized SHAM-controlled trial. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. 200, p. Article 110701. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2023.110701
The effectiveness of online mental health first aid training in community rugby : A mixed-methods approach
Russell, Suzanna, Kelly, Vincent, Polman, Remco and Warren-James, Matthew. (2023). The effectiveness of online mental health first aid training in community rugby : A mixed-methods approach. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 20(7), p. Article 5391. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20075391
Mental fatigue over 2 elite netball seasons : A case for mental fatigue to be included in athlete self-report measures
Russell, Suzanna, Jenkins, David G., Halson, Shona L., Juliff, Laura E., Connick, Mark J. and Kelly, Vincent G.. (2022). Mental fatigue over 2 elite netball seasons : A case for mental fatigue to be included in athlete self-report measures. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 17(2), pp. 160-169. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2021-0028
Mental fatigue increases across a 16-week pre-season in elitefemale athletes
Russell, Suzanna, Jenkins, David G., Halson, Shona L. and Kelly, Vincent G.. (2022). Mental fatigue increases across a 16-week pre-season in elitefemale athletes. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 25(4), pp. 356-361. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2021.12.002
The Physiological Nature of Mental Fatigue : Current Knowledge and Future Avenues for Sport Science
Roelands, Bart, Kelly, Vincent, Russell, Suzanna and Habay, Jelle. (2021). The Physiological Nature of Mental Fatigue : Current Knowledge and Future Avenues for Sport Science. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 17(2), pp. 149-150. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2021-0524
Physiological and perceptual recovery-stress responses to an elite netball tournament
Russell, Suzanna, Simpson, Marni J., Evans, Angus G., Coulter, Tristan J. and Kelly, Vincent G.. (2021). Physiological and perceptual recovery-stress responses to an elite netball tournament. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 16(10), pp. 1462-1471. https://doi.org/10.1123/IJSPP.2020-0317
Effect of external counterpulsation on running performance and perceived recovery
Russell, Suzanna, Evans, Angus G., Jenkins, David G. and Kelly, Vincent G.. (2020). Effect of external counterpulsation on running performance and perceived recovery. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 15(7), pp. 920-926. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2019-0605