Examining customer-oriented positive deviance intentions of retail employees

Journal article


Fazal-e-Hasan, Muhammad, Mortimer, Gary, Lings, Ian N. and Drennan, Judy. (2019) Examining customer-oriented positive deviance intentions of retail employees. International Journal of Retail and Distribution Management. 47(8), pp. 836 - 854. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJRDM-10-2018-0235
AuthorsFazal-e-Hasan, Muhammad, Mortimer, Gary, Lings, Ian N. and Drennan, Judy
Abstract

Purpose
Occasionally, retail employees “break the rules” in order to help customers. Currently, there is little research on the mechanisms by which a sales assistants’ positive deviance intentions help them attain specific personal and organisational goals. The purpose of this paper is to examine one mechanism, hope, which develops employees’ deviance intentions to provide benefits to the customer, themselves and the organisation.
Design/methodology/approach
A survey captured responses from 270 frontline employees from the retail and services sector. AMOS 23 was used to conduct measurement, path and mediation analyses.
Findings
This study highlights the role of employee hope in developing employees’ positive deviance intentions, and improving perceptions of organisational performance. Results demonstrate that the direct positive impact of hope on positive deviance intention was significant. Furthermore, positive deviance intention was found to positively impact employee goal attainment and perceived organisational performance. The authors’ employee hope model offers a better understanding of positive outcomes of employee deviance, suggesting that retail managers should invest resources to build strong employee–organisation relationships.
Originality/value
This is the first study to empirically demonstrate that employee hope can explain how customer-oriented positive deviance intentions help employee goal attainment and improve their perceptions of organisational performance.

KeywordsOrganizational performance; Hope; Goal attainment; Positive deviance intentions; Retail employees
Year2019
JournalInternational Journal of Retail and Distribution Management
Journal citation47 (8), pp. 836 - 854
PublisherEmerald Group Publishing Limited
ISSN0959-0552
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1108/IJRDM-10-2018-0235
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85070345467
Page range836 - 854
Research GroupPeter Faber Business School
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
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https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/875vx/examining-customer-oriented-positive-deviance-intentions-of-retail-employees

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