The role of valence focus and appraisal overlap in emotion differentiation

Journal article


Erbas, Yasemin, Ceuelmans, Eva, Koval, Peter and Kuppens, Peter 2015. The role of valence focus and appraisal overlap in emotion differentiation. Emotion. 15 (3), pp. 373 - 382. https://doi.org/10.1037/emo0000039
AuthorsErbas, Yasemin, Ceuelmans, Eva, Koval, Peter and Kuppens, Peter
Abstract

Emotion differentiation refers to the level of specificity with which people distinguish between their emotional states and is considered to play an important role for psychological well-being. Yet, not much is known about what characterizes people high or low in emotion differentiation and what underlies these differences. In 2 studies involving experience sampling (Studies 1–2) and lab based (Study 2) methods, we investigated how emotion differentiation is related to individual differences in valence focus and the overlap in appraisal patterns between emotions. In line with expectations, results showed that high levels of both positive and negative emotion differentiation are related to lower levels of valence focus and lower levels of appraisal overlap between emotions. These findings suggest that individuals who are low in emotion differentiation mainly emphasize the valence aspect of emotions while individuals who are high in emotion differentiation make stronger distinctions between emotions in terms of their underlying appraisal profiles.

Year2015
JournalEmotion
Journal citation15 (3), pp. 373 - 382
ISSN1528-3542
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1037/emo0000039
Page range373 - 382
Research GroupSchool of Philosophy
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/891y9/the-role-of-valence-focus-and-appraisal-overlap-in-emotion-differentiation

Restricted files

Publisher's version

  • 1
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 1
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

The relation between valence and arousal in subjective experience varies with personality and culture
Kuppens, Peter, Tuerlinckx, Francis, Yik, Michelle, Koval, Peter, Coosemans, Joachim, Zeng, Kevin J. and Russell, James A. 2017. The relation between valence and arousal in subjective experience varies with personality and culture. Journal of Personality. 85 (4), pp. 530 - 542. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12258
Moderated online social therapy for carers of young people recovering from firstepisode psychosis: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial
Gleeson, John, Lederman, Reeva, Herrman, Helen, Koval, Peter, Eleftheriadis, Dina, Bendall, Sarah, Cotton, Sue and Alvarez-Jimenez, Mario 2017. Moderated online social therapy for carers of young people recovering from firstepisode psychosis: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials. 18, pp. 1 - 11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-016-1775-5
Moderated online social therapy: A model for reducing stress in carers of young people diagnosed with mental health disorders
Gleeson, John, Lederman, Reeva, Koval, Peter, Wadley, Greg, Bendall, Sarah, Cotton, Sue, Herrman, Helen, Crisp, Kingsley and Alvarez-Jimenez, Mario 2017. Moderated online social therapy: A model for reducing stress in carers of young people diagnosed with mental health disorders. Frontiers in Psychology. 8, pp. 1 - 8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00485
The wisdom to know the difference: Strategy-situation fit in emotion regulation in daily life is associated with well-being
Haines, Simon, Gleeson, John, Kuppens, Peter, Hollenstein, Tom, Ciarrochi, Joseph, Labuschagne, Izelle, Grace, Caitlin Claire and Koval, Peter 2016. The wisdom to know the difference: Strategy-situation fit in emotion regulation in daily life is associated with well-being. Psychological Science. 27 (12), pp. 1651 - 1659. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797616669086
Moderated online social therapy for depression relapse prevention in young people: Pilot study of a 'next generation' online intervention
Rice, Simon, Gleeson, John, Davey, Christopher G., Hetrick, Sarah, Parker, Alexandra, Lederman, Reeva, Wadley, Greg, Murray, Greg, Herrman, Helen, Chambers, Richard, Russon, Penni, Miles, Christopher, D'Alfonso, Simon, Thurley, Melissa, Chinnery, Gina, Gilbertson, Tamsyn, Eleftheriadis, Dina, Barlow, Emma, Cagliarini, Daniella, ... Alvarez-Jimenez, Mario 2016. Moderated online social therapy for depression relapse prevention in young people: Pilot study of a 'next generation' online intervention. Early Intervention in Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1111/eip.12354
Sharing the burden: The interpersonal regulation of emotional arousal in mother-daughter dyads
Lougheed, Jessica, Koval, Peter and Hollenstein, Tom 2016. Sharing the burden: The interpersonal regulation of emotional arousal in mother-daughter dyads. Emotion. 16 (1), pp. 83 - 93. https://doi.org/10.1037/emo0000105
Emotional inertia is associated with lower well-being when controlling for differences in emotional context
Koval, Peter, Sutterlin, Stefan and Kuppens, Peter 2016. Emotional inertia is associated with lower well-being when controlling for differences in emotional context. Frontiers in Psychology. 6, pp. 1 - 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01997
Emotional inertia contributes to depressive symptoms beyond perseverative thinking
Brose, Annette, Schmiedek, Florian, Koval, Peter and Kuppens, Peter 2015. Emotional inertia contributes to depressive symptoms beyond perseverative thinking. Cognition and Emotion. 29 (3), pp. 527 - 538. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2014.916252
The contribution of emotional empathy to approachability judgments assigned to emotional faces is context specific
Willis, Megan, Lawson, Danielle, Ridley, Nicole, Koval, Peter and Rendell, Peter 2015. The contribution of emotional empathy to approachability judgments assigned to emotional faces is context specific. Frontiers in Psychology (online). 6, pp. 1 - 10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01209
Social functioning trajectories of young first-episode psychosis patients with and without cannabis misuse: A 30-month follow-up study
González-Blanch, César, Gleeson, John, Koval, Peter, Cotton, Sue, McGorry, Patrick and Alvarez-Jimenez, Mario 2015. Social functioning trajectories of young first-episode psychosis patients with and without cannabis misuse: A 30-month follow-up study. PLoS One (online). 10 (4), pp. 1 - 14. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0122404
Distinguishing between level and impact of rumination as predictors of depressive symptoms: An experience sampling study
Pasyugina, Irina, Koval, Peter, De Leersnyder, Jozefien, Mesquita, Batja and Kuppens, Peter 2015. Distinguishing between level and impact of rumination as predictors of depressive symptoms: An experience sampling study. Cognition and Emotion. 29 (4), pp. 736 - 746. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2014.932755
Emotional inertia and external events: The roles of exposure, reactivity, and recovery
Koval, Peter, Brose, Annette, Pe, Madeline L., Houben, Marlies, Erbas, Yasemine, Champagne, Dominique, Kuppens, Peter and Peter, 2015. Emotional inertia and external events: The roles of exposure, reactivity, and recovery. Emotion. 15 (5), pp. 625 - 636. https://doi.org/10.1037/emo0000059
Sad and alone: Social expectancies for experiencing negative emotions are linked to feelings of loneliness
Bastian, Brock, Koval, Peter, Erbas, Yasemin, Houben, Marlies, Pe, Madeline, Kuppens, Peter and Peter, 2015. Sad and alone: Social expectancies for experiencing negative emotions are linked to feelings of loneliness. Social Psychological and Personality Science. 6 (5), pp. 496 - 503. https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550614568682
Emotion regulation and the temporal dynamics of emotions: Effects of cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression on emotional inertia
Koval, Peter, Butler, Emily A., Hollenstein, Tom, Lanteigne, Dianna and Kuppens, Peter 2015. Emotion regulation and the temporal dynamics of emotions: Effects of cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression on emotional inertia. Cognition and Emotion. 29 (5), pp. 831 - 851. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2014.948388
Updating in working memory predicts greater emotion reactivity to and facilitated recovery from negative emotion-eliciting stimuli
Pe, Madelaine L., Koval, Peter, Houben, Marlies, Erbas, Yasemin, Champagne, Dominique and Kuppens, Peter 2015. Updating in working memory predicts greater emotion reactivity to and facilitated recovery from negative emotion-eliciting stimuli. Frontiers in Psychology (online). 6 (March), pp. 1 - 13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00372
Negative emotion differentiation: Its personality and well-being correlates and a comparison of different assessment methods
Erbas, Yasemin, Ceulemans, Eva, Pe, Madeline Lee, Koval, Peter and Kuppens, Peter 2014. Negative emotion differentiation: Its personality and well-being correlates and a comparison of different assessment methods. Cognition and Emotion. 28 (7), pp. 1196 - 1213. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2013.875890
Executive well-being: Updating of positive stimuli in working memory is associated with subjective well-being
Pe, Madeline Lee, Koval, Peter and Kuppens, Peter 2013. Executive well-being: Updating of positive stimuli in working memory is associated with subjective well-being. Cognition. 126 (2), pp. 335 - 340. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2012.10.002
Interference resolution moderates the impact of rumination and reappraisal on affective experiences in daily life
Pe, Madeline Lee, Raes, Filip, Koval, Peter, Brans, Karen, Verduyn, Philippe and Kuppens, Peter 2013. Interference resolution moderates the impact of rumination and reappraisal on affective experiences in daily life. Cognition and Emotion. 27 (3), pp. 492 - 501. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2012.719489
The regulation of negative and positive affect in daily life
Brans, Karen, Koval, Peter, Verduyn, Phillipe, Lim, Yan Lin and Kuppens, Peter 2013. The regulation of negative and positive affect in daily life. Emotion. 13 (5), pp. 926 - 939. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0032400
Affect dynamics in relation to depressive symptoms: Variable, unstable or inert?
Koval, Peter, Pe, Madeline Lee, Meers, Kristof and Kuppens, Peter 2013. Affect dynamics in relation to depressive symptoms: Variable, unstable or inert? Emotion. 13 (6), pp. 1132 - 1141. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0033579
The relationship between arousal and the remembered duration of positive events
Frederickx, Sofie, Verduyn, Philippe, Koval, Peter, Brans, Karen, Brunner, Bettina, De Laet, Isabelle, Ogrinz, Barbara, Pe, Madeline and Hofmans, Joeri 2013. The relationship between arousal and the remembered duration of positive events. Applied Cognitive Psychology. 27 (4), pp. 493 - 496. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.2926
Our flaws are more human than yours: Ingroup bias in humanizing negative characteristics
Koval, Peter, Laham, Simon M., Haslam, Nick, Bastian, Brock and Whelan, Jennifer A. 2012. Our flaws are more human than yours: Ingroup bias in humanizing negative characteristics. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 38 (3), pp. 283 - 295. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167211423777
Changing emotion dynamics: individual differences in the effect of anticipatory social stress on emotional inertia.
Koval, Peter and Kuppens, Peter 2012. Changing emotion dynamics: individual differences in the effect of anticipatory social stress on emotional inertia. Emotion. 12 (2), pp. 256 - 267. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024756
The name-pronunciation effect: Why people like Mr. Smith more than Mr. Colquhoun
Laham, Simon M., Koval, Peter and Alter, Adam L. 2012. The name-pronunciation effect: Why people like Mr. Smith more than Mr. Colquhoun. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 48 (3), pp. 752 - 756. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2011.12.002
Getting stuck in depression: The roles of rumination and emotional inertia
Koval, Peter, Kuppens, Peter, Allen, Nicholas B. and Sheeber, Lisa 2012. Getting stuck in depression: The roles of rumination and emotional inertia. Cognition and Emotion. 26 (8), pp. 1412 - 1427. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2012.667392
Feeling bad about being sad: The role of social expectancies in amplifying negative mood
Bastian, Brock, Kuppens, Peter, Hornsey, Matthew J., Park, Joohna, Koval, Peter and Uchida, Yukiko 2012. Feeling bad about being sad: The role of social expectancies in amplifying negative mood. Emotion. 12 (1), pp. 69 - 80. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024755
Reconsidering Culture and Self
Kashima, Yoshihisa, Koval, Peter and Kashima, Emiko S. 2011. Reconsidering Culture and Self. Psychological Studies. 56 (1), pp. 12 - 22.
Blaming, praising, and protecting our humanity: The implications of everyday dehumanization for judgments of moral status
Bastian, Brock, Laham, Simon M., Wilson, Sam, Haslam, Nick and Koval, Peter 2011. Blaming, praising, and protecting our humanity: The implications of everyday dehumanization for judgments of moral status. British Journal of Social Psychology. 50 (3), pp. 469 - 483. https://doi.org/10.1348/014466610X521383
Essentialist beliefs predict automatic motor-responses to social categories
Bastian, Brock, Loughnan, Stephen and Koval, Peter 2011. Essentialist beliefs predict automatic motor-responses to social categories. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations. 14 (4), pp. 559 - 567. https://doi.org/10.1177/1368430210385258
Possible research area bias in the Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA) draft journal rankings
Haslam, Nick and Koval, Peter 2010. Possible research area bias in the Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA) draft journal rankings. Australian Journal of Psychology. 62 (2), pp. 112 - 114. https://doi.org/10.1080/00049530903334489