How one becomes what one is called on the relation between traits and trait-terms in Nietzsche
Alfano, Mark. (2015) How one becomes what one is called on the relation between traits and trait-terms in Nietzsche. Journal of Nietzsche Studies. 46(2), pp. 261 - 269.
According to Nietzsche, drives are the ultimate constituents of virtues and vices. I argue that Nietzsche identifies two blueprints for character construction: a slavish, interpersonal blueprint, and a masterly, reflexive blueprint. When the interpersonal blueprint is implemented, a person becomes what he is called: his drives are shaped by the traits ascribed to him so that he becomes more like the sort of person he's taken to be. When the reflexive blueprint is implemented, a person becomes more like the sort of person she calls herself: her drives are shaped by the traits she ascribes to herself in a community of peers. The reflexive blueprint shares some surprising similarities with the interpersonal blueprint. I conclude with an account of Nietzschean summoning, which occurs when one person praises a generic type to an audience, implicitly inviting them to identify with that type and thereby to become more like it.
|Keywords||character; virtue; slavishness; materliness; self-fulfilling prophecy|
|Journal||Journal of Nietzsche Studies|
|Journal citation||46 (2), pp. 261 - 269|
|Publisher||The Pennsylvania State University|
|Web address (URL)||http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5325/jnietstud.46.2.0261|
|Page range||261 - 269|
|Research Group||Institute for Religion and Critical Inquiry|
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|Place of publication||United States of America|
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